• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who Was More Important - Lenin Or Stalin?

Extracts from this document...


4. Who do you think was the more important figure in history, Lenin or Stalin? Explain your answer. (8) In my opinion, I think that Stalin was the more important figure in history. This is because, although both played large parts in history, Stalin was the person who managed to take Lenin's achievements that little bit further. He achieved so much during his reign and it is questionable but doubtful whether Lenin could have achieved the same. Lenin and Stalin both had a considerable effect on the future of Russia. Lenin had the greater influence on Russia politically compared to Stalin as he created the world's first communist government and lead the October Revolution. However, Stalin achieved the greater economic impact on Russia such as his policies of collectivisation and industrialisation, which vastly improved Russian economy compared to Lenin making it difficult to ensure that one had the greater impact on Russia and the Russian people. Firstly, I will discuss the reign of both leaders, and then explain why I thought that Stalin was more important and Lenin was less important, even though I think both nearly had the same amount of importance. I will firstly be explaining Lenin's reign and the factors that make him more and less important than Stalin. Lenin masterminded and the led the October Revolution with his "Let's go now..." attitude and created the first Communist government in the world - a feat itself. ...read more.


Lenin, as the supreme leader of the USSR, was criticised for leaving his party in a bad condition at the time of his death. Although Trotsky was favourite for succeeding Lenin, he had been described as arrogant and Stalin as rude in his final testament. This was the reason why it was not published, as it also contained criticisms of other leading Communists, which could have been damaging. If it had of been published, it would certainly have damaged Stalin. Now, I will be looking at Stalin's reign, the importance of his actions and the consequences of his policies or events. Firstly, as soon as he came into power, he was determined to modernise the USSR so that it could meet the challenges that were about to come. He took over a country in which almost all the industry was concentrated in just a few cities and whose workers were unskilled and poorly educated. Many regions of the USSR were in the same backward state as they had been a hundred years earlier. To do this, he launched the Five-Year Plans and Collectivisation. Lenin had in fact started Collectivisation but decided to retreat. During Collectivisation, he wanted to modernise agriculture, but instead 13 million people died. This was related to his use of terror, which had continued from Lenin's reign. Although, I think that Stalin took the use of terror further than Lenin would ever have been prepared to go. ...read more.


Stalin had achieved a lot by improving the economy of Russia greatly and improving the lives of many Russian people, using both good and bad ways to do this. Stalin was admired by the Russian people and he, his style and methods of government were popular. To conclude, there were many differences and similarities between the two leaders. Mainly, Stalin used what Lenin had done as a foundation and built on it in both good and bad ways. He was able to use a large amount of terror simply because Lenin had but not on a large scale. Although Lenin achieved so much during his reign I simply think he was more important because if necessary then someone else would have kick-started the Revolution and taken his place in history. This is why I think that he is less important. Whereas, I do not think it would be possible for anyone to replace Stalin in history, as no one would be prepared to go the lengths he did for his country. In conclusion, Stalin was the more important figure in history. He had the power to make certain things happen and he used it to the advantage of his country. It can be argued that the death of all the millions of people did not justify the result which was Russia being a modern, industrialised country and being able to resist Germany. However, it cannot be argued that Stalin did not have any positive effect on Russia because he did. In my opinion, he had the biggest impact on Russia. A bigger impact that Lenin could ever have dreamed for. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Role of Women Under Stalin

    role changed in the 1930s when they began to gain approval as a 'great force' in industry, agriculture, and war. Limitations: The limitations of this source include hindsight bias, which is the inclination to believe that some events that have happended were more predictable than they in fact were.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    During the Civil War one of Lenin's objectives was the difficult but crucial task of organising the food and industrial production in the Red area. It was vital that the army was equipped and had supplies of food if they were to win the war.

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    The situation in Petrograd was getting worse and worse: "Week by week food became scarcer. The daily allowance of bread fell...Towards the end there was a week without bread at all...There was milk for half the babies in the city; most hotels and private houses never saw it for months"

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ...

    Lenin was devoted to communism and was so motivated to spread it through Russia. He greatly hated the Tsarist regime. He wanted to overthrow capitalism all over the world. Lenin started to follow Marxism during his time in University. At Kazan, Lenin met and joined with other revolutionaries, he started

  1. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    He was involved with all the important turning points in Bolshevik history. He masterminded military arrangements for the revolution in November; he played highly in the defeat of the Kornilov Plot and he led the Bolshevik team in the negotiations of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany.

  2. .Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin. Lenin and Stalin had many ...

    Important/ key industries under state ownership/control e.g. coal, steel, transport, stayed in the state control but salaries were increased to encourage greater efficiency. Although Lenin did not see the full impact of his NEP, this by the late 1920's allowed economic recovery and more prosperity for people.

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    By commenting on Trotsky's brilliance, it informs the educated reader that the author does not like Stalin because Stalin and Trotsky are arch enemies. These papers also claim that the confessions were alleged, meaning that they were possibly constructed by the government and passed out to the media.

  2. To what extent was equality achieved under Stalin?

    more you beat the old women, the tastier the soup will be"54 were commonly used. Lenin felt that traditional and bourgeois matrimony was akin to slavery, thus in 1917 he introduced a divorce law that enabled either partner to terminate their marriage because of incompatibility.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work