• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who Was Responsible For The First World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who Was Responsible For The First World War? Who caused the deaths of over 20,000,000 people? Was it a single, callous, malicious person? Was it a group of these people or a country that caused the Great War? Or could it have been a system or policy at that time? Who caused the events that inspired the Jewish poet Isaac Rosenburg to write the poem 'Dead Man's Dump' in 1917? 'The wheels lurched over sprawled dead But pained them not, though their bones crunched; Their shut mouths made no moan. They lie there huddled, friend and foeman, Man born of man, and born of woman; And shells go crying over them From night till night and now.' Private Isaac Rosenburg, 22311, was killed on April 1st, 1918, at dawn while on night patrol. Just another of the 20,000,000 then. France had completely resented Germany for years. The Franco-Prussian War began in July 1870 as a result of a dispute between France and Prussia, the main German State. All the other German states joined Prussia, and the conflict became one between France and Germany. The war ended with the Treaty of Frankfurt, which was signed on May 10, 1871. The treaty provided that France would give most of Alsace and part of Lorraine (parts of West France) ...read more.

Middle

Southeast Europe is known as The Balkans. For centuries, the powerful Turks had ruled it, but when their empire began to fall apart in the 19th century, the Austro-Hungarian Empire swooped in and took much of the Balkans for itself. Only Bosnia, Albania and Montenegro were still ruled by the Turks and four countries gained independence - Greece, Rumania, Bulgaria and Serbia. Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908. The Russians started to get very friendly with the people in the Balkans, persuading them to rebel against Turkish rule with a theory called Panslavism. Many Russians were Eastern Orthodox Christian Slavs, and the people in the Balkans were too. The Russians told them that they would help them if they tried to gain independence from Turkish rule, but they were actually manipulating these people for their own gain. Russia wanted the Dardanelles, a narrow strip of sea which connected the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, because all of their Northern ports were frozen in winter, and the Dardanelles provided a route into the ocean. Turkey still controlled the Dardanelles at this time, but if the Slavic people of the Balkans rebelled, Turkey would weaken and Russia would have a chance to gain control of the Dardanelles. This angered Austria, as they hated Serbia, now on friendly terms with Russia. ...read more.

Conclusion

They intended to invade using the Schlieffen Plan - they would attack France going through Belgium, and deal with Russia after an easy surprise victory over France. However, this was not going to work. Belgium was a neutral country, but Britain wanted to help them when the strong German forces invaded them. Britain's entry into the war was on August 4th, 1914. The First World War was already in motion. In conclusion, I have found that no one person was to blame for one of the worst wars in human history. Many countries contributed to the tension and hatred surrounding the pre-war years, but more to blame, in my opinion, were certain systems. Imperialism, nationalism and the alliance system all greatly contributed to this tension and Gavrillo Princip's act simply pushed everyone over the edge. Even if he had been stopped, war would have probably still broken out - war was imminent before the assassination, not directly after it. Unfortunately, mankind did not learn from the First World War, but hopefully if we look back, war can be avoided in the future for good. And as the poet Wilfred Owen wrote in 'Dulce et Decorum Est': "My friend; you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"* Sarah Watson *The last two lines of this poem mean 'It is a good and fitting thing to die for your country'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The First Navy Law announced that Germany would build a fleet strong enough to combat the strongest navy in the world. As the strongest navy in the world war Britain's, this was taken as a direct challenge by the British government.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Also treaties of the post war world further separated the two super powers of the world for the decades to follow. The waging of hot wars through other countries also strengthened Cold War hatred.(1) The first of the cold war tensions arose out of W.W.II conferences between the Soviet Union, America and, Great Britain.

  1. To What extent was German Foreign Policy responsible for the outbreak of general European ...

    Another approach to the First World War is to argue that it was inevitable and that no country actually set out to start it. War had been avoided in 1908,1911 and 1913 but this served only to contribute to the tension that existed in Europe.

  2. American History.

    to numerous disasters: first General William Hull totally screwed up and ended up surrendering Fort Detroit, and then the attempted invasion from Niagara failed b/c the NY militia refused to leave its state borders. - On the naval front the British had no problem keeping their hold over the oceans

  1. Account for the tensions between the Islamic World and the West

    Khameneyi argues the "hijab has become the symbol of the Islamic revolution." (Afshar/1999:201) In this view the hijab stands as a symbol of the Islamic world, a collective sentiment to Western intrusive powers. Frantz Fanon argues the "in a colonial context the Algerian women, in imposing such a restriction on

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    Hitler justified the Blitz by claiming that German bombers were attacking military targets. German propaganda films described attacks on war factories and installations, but most German bombing was at night and was indiscriminate. The Blitz was an attempt to destroy industry.

  1. Attlee's Gov was responsible for initiating much of the change that shaped post war ...

    Labour didn't intend to take the whole of British industry into public ownership, there was also a refernce to industries 'not yet ripe for public ownership'. Many socialists believed that, on grounds of principle, the state should control at least the basic industries.

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    of Pennsylvania were among the leaders of the Radical cause. The 14TH AMENDMENT (enacted in 1866; ratified in 1868) made all persons born or naturalized in the country U.S. citizens and forbade any state to interfere with their fundamental civil rights.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work