• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who Was Responsible For The First World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who Was Responsible For The First World War? Who caused the deaths of over 20,000,000 people? Was it a single, callous, malicious person? Was it a group of these people or a country that caused the Great War? Or could it have been a system or policy at that time? Who caused the events that inspired the Jewish poet Isaac Rosenburg to write the poem 'Dead Man's Dump' in 1917? 'The wheels lurched over sprawled dead But pained them not, though their bones crunched; Their shut mouths made no moan. They lie there huddled, friend and foeman, Man born of man, and born of woman; And shells go crying over them From night till night and now.' Private Isaac Rosenburg, 22311, was killed on April 1st, 1918, at dawn while on night patrol. Just another of the 20,000,000 then. France had completely resented Germany for years. The Franco-Prussian War began in July 1870 as a result of a dispute between France and Prussia, the main German State. All the other German states joined Prussia, and the conflict became one between France and Germany. The war ended with the Treaty of Frankfurt, which was signed on May 10, 1871. The treaty provided that France would give most of Alsace and part of Lorraine (parts of West France) ...read more.

Middle

Southeast Europe is known as The Balkans. For centuries, the powerful Turks had ruled it, but when their empire began to fall apart in the 19th century, the Austro-Hungarian Empire swooped in and took much of the Balkans for itself. Only Bosnia, Albania and Montenegro were still ruled by the Turks and four countries gained independence - Greece, Rumania, Bulgaria and Serbia. Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908. The Russians started to get very friendly with the people in the Balkans, persuading them to rebel against Turkish rule with a theory called Panslavism. Many Russians were Eastern Orthodox Christian Slavs, and the people in the Balkans were too. The Russians told them that they would help them if they tried to gain independence from Turkish rule, but they were actually manipulating these people for their own gain. Russia wanted the Dardanelles, a narrow strip of sea which connected the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, because all of their Northern ports were frozen in winter, and the Dardanelles provided a route into the ocean. Turkey still controlled the Dardanelles at this time, but if the Slavic people of the Balkans rebelled, Turkey would weaken and Russia would have a chance to gain control of the Dardanelles. This angered Austria, as they hated Serbia, now on friendly terms with Russia. ...read more.

Conclusion

They intended to invade using the Schlieffen Plan - they would attack France going through Belgium, and deal with Russia after an easy surprise victory over France. However, this was not going to work. Belgium was a neutral country, but Britain wanted to help them when the strong German forces invaded them. Britain's entry into the war was on August 4th, 1914. The First World War was already in motion. In conclusion, I have found that no one person was to blame for one of the worst wars in human history. Many countries contributed to the tension and hatred surrounding the pre-war years, but more to blame, in my opinion, were certain systems. Imperialism, nationalism and the alliance system all greatly contributed to this tension and Gavrillo Princip's act simply pushed everyone over the edge. Even if he had been stopped, war would have probably still broken out - war was imminent before the assassination, not directly after it. Unfortunately, mankind did not learn from the First World War, but hopefully if we look back, war can be avoided in the future for good. And as the poet Wilfred Owen wrote in 'Dulce et Decorum Est': "My friend; you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori"* Sarah Watson *The last two lines of this poem mean 'It is a good and fitting thing to die for your country'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * Under normal circumstances the murder of the Arch Duke would have passed without major repercussions, but the build-up of alliances and the consequent heightening of tensions turned what was a political matter into an international tragedy. * The Austrian government had been looking for an excuse to crush Serbia, which stood in their way in the Balkans.

  2. To What extent was Germany Responsible for the outbreak of World War One?

    The Anglo-German commercial and naval rivalry and scrambles for territory all helped provoke the situation. However, colonial and trading disputes were at a minimum at the beginning of the twentieth century, better than they had been for many years. Traditional rivalries involving areas seen as strategically and militarily important were posing far more of a threat to international security.

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    World -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The conflict in ideologies between capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century. The belief that freedom and democracy would die under communist rule caused the United States to start a conflict that would last for decades.

  2. Why was Germany Defeated in the First World War?

    As soon as war was declared it went on and on. People were staggered as the war went past Christmas and into the New Year. As the war went on, Germany was politically becoming increasingly ineffective and many new divisions were occurring.

  1. Account for the tensions between the Islamic World and the West

    Western interventions have been implemented on the basis of securing rights UN Aid programmes have been devised and implemented in many Islamic states. Some scholars of Islam argue, "Western human rights interference violates sovereignty" (Halliday/2002:25) this argument carries no validity, as the Middle East has a deplorable human rights record.

  2. To What extent was German Foreign Policy responsible for the outbreak of general European ...

    served to strengthen the Russian resolve to stand to aggression from the Central Powers. The Tsar himself wanted peace and this was shown by his hesitation in ordering mobilisation, yet the influential military leaders such as Sukhomlinov who advocated war manipulated him.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    By late July the civilian population of East Beirut faced strangulation, raising doubts in Baabda for the first time as to whether Aoun could continue. At this point LF chief Samir Geagea finally agreed with the army to co-ordinate artillery fire to help ships enter, and Aoun, who had shown

  2. After the collapse of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, the world ...

    In addition, Clark points out, that among the reasons why terrorism is widespread, is that countries that were considered stable are witnessing religious, ethnic and other internal conflicts, and will witness separatist movements that will try to fragment large countries into small ethnic areas.31 These conflicts might be old conflicts

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work