• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was responsible for the outbreak of the Cold war to 1946?

Extracts from this document...


Who was responsible for the outbreak of the Cold war to 1946? The Cold war was a conflict based on Ideologies, it stemmed from the misinterpretation and lasting resentment of the Russian revolution moving on to the division of Europe after the defeat of the Nazis. The fear of the new Nuclear weapon caused the Soviets to create a buffer zone of protection whereas the USA rightfully saw or misinterpreted this as a purely expansionist policy leading on to total communist world domination. The Cold war can be seen as stemming from the start of the Russian revolution in 1917, the USA fought on the side of the royalists opposing the Communist Bolsheviks who would later win and rule the country up until the end of the Cold war. The USA failed to interpret the Cold War as a conflict based on ideologies and resentment, ideologies based on the principles of Capitalism and Communism which doctrinally opposed each other. Between the periods of the end of the Russian revolution and the beginning of the second world war neither the USSR or the United states had anything to do with each other both diplomatically and economically both countries had adopted a purely isolationist policies and mistrusted each other. During the second world war because there was a common goal both countries put there differences aside so as defeat Germany but after the war there was no common goal and each country wanted to make a gain from the many years of fighting and their new found world dominance. ...read more.


The USA saw the actions of the USSR in the aftermath of WW2 as purely expansionist when it can easily be argued as a protectionist measure. Stalin found out about the atomic bomb in 1943 and promptly started his own project, when in 1945 at the Potsdam conference Truman told Stalin that he had a new weapon and was ready to use it, this created systemic fear throughout the Soviet government as they were now unprotected from an attack from there old ally the USA. Stalin promptly stated to one of his aids at Potsdam "...talk to Kurcheckov..." who was the scientist in charge of creating a Soviet atom bomb and told him to speed things up. Stalin felt that the USSR was now defenseless he decided that he needed to create a sphere of influence to try and protect the USSR from a possible attack from the USA. At that point in time the only means of detonating a Nuclear bomb was to drop it from a plain, the more land a potential attacker had to fly over to get to Russia and Moscow the safer it was. This is one of the reasons why Stalin expanding into countries surrounding the USSR to create a "buffer zone". America saw Russia's actions as purely expansionist, when Roosevelt died and Truman became President he stated that he was "tired of babysitting the Soviets who understand only an iron fist and strong language". ...read more.


on the Soviet Union. There can never be a definitive answer defining the single action that started the cold war nor who was to blame for its embarkation. Its originality can be traced to the Russian revolution and in latter years while the Soviets can be seen as the aggressor in trying to militarily dominate Europe the USA can be seen equally guilty as attempting to dominate the world with its economic might. The opposing ideologies of Communism and Capitalism are simply, opposing, Karl Marx stated that only one ideology will outlast the other. The fact that the peoples of Eastern Europe especially in Poland wished to embrace capitalism does not prove that the USA was in the right by denying an equal playing field to the USSR by giving economic aid. It is even plausible to assume that if the USSR was not economically destroyed Stalin would not have felt the need to expand into Western Europe. The Soviets can be seen as the more guilty party in the Cold war as it is the one who is usually identified as the aggressive party, but the USA must also share the blame as it tried to spread the influence of capitalism so as to aid its economic gains. Therefore in conclusion it is both the USSR and the US who was responsible for the outbreak of the cold war. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jacob Meagher ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Who was responsible for the start of the Cold war?

    was over aggressive in its defence of Capitalism and Free trade. Therefore this misjudgement on the part of Truman, unnecessarily stoking the tensions between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. could be concluded as the beginning of the Cold war period. There is however no concrete evidence to suggest that Stalin's foreign

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Although well-read in history, Truman's experience in foreign policy was minimal. His most famous comment on diplomacy had been a statement to a reporter in 1941 that "if we see that Germany is winning [the war] we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help

  1. How far was the USSR responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War?

    However, at Yalta, he did promise that free elections would be held in Poland and that some members of the London government would join the Lublin government. Yet, this "liberation" never actually came about in the way the Americans expected, as many accused the USSR of rigging the "free elections"

  2. To what extent were germany to blame for the outbreak of ww1

    Serbia she had France to aid too - this therefore involved both alliance systems. Although its clear that Russia had a major part to play in this particular event many historians including myself believe that if Germany had not given the Blank Cheque to Austria then War may not have been a result of this situation.

  1. To what extent was Soviet expansion responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War ...

    So she prevented her satellites in Eastern Europe from accepting the Marshall by setting up the Communist Information Bureau. It was formed to co-ordinate the activities of the communist parties of the Soviet Union and her satellites. This was the expansion of the USSR and the Americans did not like it.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Although the monopoly of the USA's atomic weapon was broken in 1949, the US government could feel themselves sure while USSR had no aircraft or rackets which could bring nuclear weapon from one place to another. Americans were shocked when in 1957 USSR have launched satellite to the near-earth orbit.[1,

  1. To What extent was Germany Responsible for the outbreak of World War One?

    He was determined to see Germany play a major role in world affairs under his leadership and the main obstacle to his dreams seemed to be Great Britain. "Among European countries at the turn of the century the definition of excellence and greatness was shaped by Great Britain, whose power

  2. To what extent can the Southerners be held responsible for the outbreak of the ...

    dispute as to whether or not slavery was extended; he even pledged the Republicans to leave slavery alone. However, Lincoln could not quite hide his feeling that secession was not only wrong but also frivolous. The Southerners were severely threatened by the extreme actions of some Northern abolitionists.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work