• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was to blame for the cold war?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Who was to blame for the cold war? I will write a balanced essay on who was to blame for the cold war, including reasons why both the USSR and the USA were possibilities. I will then reach a conclusion of which country was to blame or were they both to blame equally. The reasons why the USSR were to blame was mainly Stalin's occupation of Eastern Europe. During the Yalta conference (when Germany was loosing the war) the big three (USA, USSR, Britain) decided Eastern Europe would be a Soviet sphere of influence. This was mainly because the soviet lost an estimated 20 million people during the war, which is more than ten percent of USSR's population. After the war Stalin has controlled most of eastern Europe and instead of withdrawing his troops he left then there. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why the USSR was to blame was the Potsdam conference disagreements and the two leader's relationship. Stalin thought that Britain's Churchill and USA's Roosevelt were tricking him like they did in the First World War. Stalin also had disagreements with the new American president Truman of what to do with Germany. Stalin wanted to cripple Germany and wanted compensation for the 20 mil soviet dead. The reasons why the USA was to blame was for the disagreements of the two leaders and their relationship. Another reason was the Marshall Aid program to stop communism and the atomic bomb testing. Before the Potsdam conference there was a new president as Roosevelt died and Truman was elected. Truman was anti communist and saw the Eastern Europe take over as preparations for a Europe takeover by Stalin and a spread of communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin viewed the Marshall Aid plan as having anti communist aims and the USA's plan to dominate as many states as possible by making them dependent on dollars. In fact he forbade any Eastern Europe states to apply for Marshall Aid as he thought it would weaken his hold on Eastern Europe. My conclusion of the essay is that USSR was the one to start the cold war but USA also contributed in these acts which led to the cold war so both are to blame. The soviets started by occupying eastern Europe for its own gain of spreading communism and stopping any chance of an attack on the USSR with any means necessary. The USA started Marshall aid to stop the spread of communism but they also did it to create markets for American goods which is an economic aim and that contributes to the blame of the cold war. H/W Sohail Deen 10H 01/05/2007 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Roosevelt seemed to care primarily about securing token or cosmetic concessions toward democratic processes while accepting the substance of Russian domination. Instead, misunderstanding developed over the meaning of the Yalta accords, Truman confronted Molotov with demands that the Soviets saw as inconsistent with prior understandings, and mutual suspicion rather than cooperation assumed dominance in relations between the two superpowers.

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    He ordered the return of Soviet tanks and troops to Budapest on November 4th 1956. (11) Thousands were killed in a bloody street battle until the Soviets had re-established their control. Nagy was arrested and was executed two years later.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    In Damascus Gemayel agreed to a new inter-Lebanese conference, this time to be sponsored exclusively by Syria. The withdrawal of the MNF left Syria as the dominant force in Lebanon, and Syria acted rapidly to consolidate its grip on Lebanese affairs.

  2. Who or what is to blame for the start of the cold war?

    The fact that both the Orthodox and Revisionist views have convincing evidence is confirmation that the Post-Revisionist viewpoint is the correct assessment of 'blame.' Beyond the evidence that the other two viewpoints provide in support of the Post-Revisionist outlook, there were deep-seated fundamental differences such as the dissimilar attitudes, aims and ideologies that Moscow and Washington subscribed to.

  1. The Marshall Plan.

    over four years and worked because it was aimed at aiding a well-educated, industrialized people temporarily down but not out. The Marshall Plan significantly magnified their own efforts and reduced the suffering and time West Europe took to recover from the war.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Each side avoided attacking targets that could have led to expansion of the war. And each side limited the weapons it used and the territory in which it would fight. Stalin died on March 5 from a stroke. But this didn't end anything.

  1. Who is to blame for the Cold War?

    The conference met with many disagreements. They disagreed about Germany - Stalin wanted to cripple Germany and make them pay a lot of reparation to USSR but USA did not want to make the same mistake as in the Treaty of Versailles and Stalin wanted more say on Ruhr.

  2. Who was to blame for the Cold War?

    The other countries knew that Stalin would never agree to Hitler's terms. The basic mistrust that the Soviet Union and the USA had for each other made the breakdown of the wartime alliance inevitable. The second factor of this argument involves the two different political systems that the Soviets and the Democratic West held.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work