• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was to blame for the cold war?

Extracts from this document...


Who was to blame for the cold war? I will write a balanced essay on who was to blame for the cold war, including reasons why both the USSR and the USA were possibilities. I will then reach a conclusion of which country was to blame or were they both to blame equally. The reasons why the USSR were to blame was mainly Stalin's occupation of Eastern Europe. During the Yalta conference (when Germany was loosing the war) the big three (USA, USSR, Britain) decided Eastern Europe would be a Soviet sphere of influence. This was mainly because the soviet lost an estimated 20 million people during the war, which is more than ten percent of USSR's population. After the war Stalin has controlled most of eastern Europe and instead of withdrawing his troops he left then there. ...read more.


Another reason why the USSR was to blame was the Potsdam conference disagreements and the two leader's relationship. Stalin thought that Britain's Churchill and USA's Roosevelt were tricking him like they did in the First World War. Stalin also had disagreements with the new American president Truman of what to do with Germany. Stalin wanted to cripple Germany and wanted compensation for the 20 mil soviet dead. The reasons why the USA was to blame was for the disagreements of the two leaders and their relationship. Another reason was the Marshall Aid program to stop communism and the atomic bomb testing. Before the Potsdam conference there was a new president as Roosevelt died and Truman was elected. Truman was anti communist and saw the Eastern Europe take over as preparations for a Europe takeover by Stalin and a spread of communism. ...read more.


Stalin viewed the Marshall Aid plan as having anti communist aims and the USA's plan to dominate as many states as possible by making them dependent on dollars. In fact he forbade any Eastern Europe states to apply for Marshall Aid as he thought it would weaken his hold on Eastern Europe. My conclusion of the essay is that USSR was the one to start the cold war but USA also contributed in these acts which led to the cold war so both are to blame. The soviets started by occupying eastern Europe for its own gain of spreading communism and stopping any chance of an attack on the USSR with any means necessary. The USA started Marshall aid to stop the spread of communism but they also did it to create markets for American goods which is an economic aim and that contributes to the blame of the cold war. H/W Sohail Deen 10H 01/05/2007 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    On June 24, 1948, Stalin decided to blockade West Berlin by cutting off road and rail links. To break this blockade, the Allies would have to send tanks to smash through the blocks. This would be seen as an act of war, and Stalin did not believe that the Allies would go that far.

  2. The Marshall Plan.

    Statistics & Reports Division Agency for International Development November 17, 1975 Origins of the Marshall Plan Marshall's Worldview in Early 1947 Richard Neustadt and Ernest May observed in their book, Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decision-Makers (1986), that Marshall had developed the habit of "seeing time as

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Reassured that there would indeed be a second front in Europe in 1944, the Russians strongly endorsed a postwar international organization to preserve the peace. More important, they indicated they would join the war against Japan as soon as Germany was defeated, and appeared willing to accept the Chiang

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    This served a warning to other countries against resisting the communist regime. Therefore it can clearly be seen that from the establishment of the state that communism never had popular public support. It cannot be denied that there was a significant minority who supported communism, but these were a minority.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Each contingent retained its own command structure, and no central command structure was created. The French contingent was assigned responsibility for the port area and West Beirut. The Italian contingent occupied the area between West Beirut and Beirut International Airport, which encompassed the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

  2. Who or what is to blame for the start of the cold war?

    The fact that both the Orthodox and Revisionist views have convincing evidence is confirmation that the Post-Revisionist viewpoint is the correct assessment of 'blame.' Beyond the evidence that the other two viewpoints provide in support of the Post-Revisionist outlook, there were deep-seated fundamental differences such as the dissimilar attitudes, aims and ideologies that Moscow and Washington subscribed to.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work