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Who was to blame for the war: Charles I or Parliament.

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11/2/2001 Prasshy.S Who was to blame for the war: Charles I or Parliament This essay consists of the causes of the Civil War and who was to blame for the war. In August 22nd, 1642 King Charles I declared war against his enemies in parliament. Many people were surprised, as they did not realize feelings were so bad and people had no idea that war was on its way. To identify that war could have been caused by either Charles or Parliament, we must look at the (causes) events that were before the declaration of war. Both Parliament and Charles would trigger these. However, who was responsible for the death of so many who fought for each side, which caused the Civil War? Charles I made many mistakes that caused the civil war or triggered the war. Charles' reign did not start well as like his father, James I, he believed in the Divine Right of Kings. This, a political cause was not supported by parliament as most MP's wanted more influence in the ruling of the country. Charles also didn't help matter when in 1625 he married a French Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria. ...read more.


Other changes were to the position of the altar. The altar was separated from the people and a railing was put. This was to give more respect to the Church. However, some people saw it as getting pushed away from the Church. The plans of the Churches show the difference is where the altar was put. Other ways in which Puritan attacked the Church was by giving out pamphlets, attacking the Church. This showing that Charles was cutting down the tree of religion; hope, faith, charity and good luck. This obviously triggered the war as the Puritans were not used to the changes that were being made. They believed that Catholicism was being brought back. This angered them, as they believed in simple worship. Other problems throughout Scotland and England were occurring as the new prayer book was being introduced in 1637. This was a big mistake as it created furious people. The Scottish religious beliefs were based on simple worships (puritans). The English prayer book was to Catholicism for the Scottish. This was not helped when Charles forced it and told them what to do. Their reaction was rebellion. ...read more.


These demands were the beginning of demands that Parliament would make. These demands caused the civil war, as these were demands to make Parliament have power. Once again Parliament wanted more power. This was the nineteen propositions in June 1642. Some people thought they went too far as they asked for total power. This separated the kings' supporters and opponents. Charles thought this was the lost straw. After many disagreements throughout the year's things came to climax and civil war broke out, armies were gathered, brother fought brother, cousin fought cousin and father fought son. Looking at the evidence, my decision is that Charles was most to blame. As he brought about many changes that were mistaken. However, there is always two sides to an argument. So both were to blame but Charles was more. He brought taxes to extortion, he changed the religious ways so people thought he was bringing back Catholicism, and Protestants thought they were going to be executed, like people in Ireland. He let Parliament have no say in the matter and was obvious to their advice, which mostly was advice for people who believed in Protestantism. Civil War was not inevitable if Charles had not done what he did and had given more power and better decisions-civil war would not have happened. ...read more.

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4 star(s)

The author covers the key events leading to civil war here and stays focused on the question throughout. There is some good detail in places and a conclusion is reached. At times, the answer could be improved through better grammar and structure. 4 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 16/07/2013

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