• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Who was to blame for the war: Charles I or Parliament.

Extracts from this document...


11/2/2001 Prasshy.S Who was to blame for the war: Charles I or Parliament This essay consists of the causes of the Civil War and who was to blame for the war. In August 22nd, 1642 King Charles I declared war against his enemies in parliament. Many people were surprised, as they did not realize feelings were so bad and people had no idea that war was on its way. To identify that war could have been caused by either Charles or Parliament, we must look at the (causes) events that were before the declaration of war. Both Parliament and Charles would trigger these. However, who was responsible for the death of so many who fought for each side, which caused the Civil War? Charles I made many mistakes that caused the civil war or triggered the war. Charles' reign did not start well as like his father, James I, he believed in the Divine Right of Kings. This, a political cause was not supported by parliament as most MP's wanted more influence in the ruling of the country. Charles also didn't help matter when in 1625 he married a French Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria. ...read more.


Other changes were to the position of the altar. The altar was separated from the people and a railing was put. This was to give more respect to the Church. However, some people saw it as getting pushed away from the Church. The plans of the Churches show the difference is where the altar was put. Other ways in which Puritan attacked the Church was by giving out pamphlets, attacking the Church. This showing that Charles was cutting down the tree of religion; hope, faith, charity and good luck. This obviously triggered the war as the Puritans were not used to the changes that were being made. They believed that Catholicism was being brought back. This angered them, as they believed in simple worship. Other problems throughout Scotland and England were occurring as the new prayer book was being introduced in 1637. This was a big mistake as it created furious people. The Scottish religious beliefs were based on simple worships (puritans). The English prayer book was to Catholicism for the Scottish. This was not helped when Charles forced it and told them what to do. Their reaction was rebellion. ...read more.


These demands were the beginning of demands that Parliament would make. These demands caused the civil war, as these were demands to make Parliament have power. Once again Parliament wanted more power. This was the nineteen propositions in June 1642. Some people thought they went too far as they asked for total power. This separated the kings' supporters and opponents. Charles thought this was the lost straw. After many disagreements throughout the year's things came to climax and civil war broke out, armies were gathered, brother fought brother, cousin fought cousin and father fought son. Looking at the evidence, my decision is that Charles was most to blame. As he brought about many changes that were mistaken. However, there is always two sides to an argument. So both were to blame but Charles was more. He brought taxes to extortion, he changed the religious ways so people thought he was bringing back Catholicism, and Protestants thought they were going to be executed, like people in Ireland. He let Parliament have no say in the matter and was obvious to their advice, which mostly was advice for people who believed in Protestantism. Civil War was not inevitable if Charles had not done what he did and had given more power and better decisions-civil war would not have happened. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The author covers the key events leading to civil war here and stays focused on the question throughout. There is some good detail in places and a conclusion is reached. At times, the answer could be improved through better grammar and structure. 4 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 16/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Did Oliver Cromwell achieve his objectives from 1642 to 1658?

    5 star(s)

    was he had created a diverse Protestant Church comprising of many different sects. Ironically, what Cromwell had attempted to create was a united Protestant Church, "I have waited for the day to see union and right understanding between the godly people."

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    The next major threat was in 1570 when Thomas Cartwright lectured at Cambridge demanding a Presbyterian system, publicly speaking out against the Religious Settlement. As a Presbyterian his influence was not great; however, the fact that he was criticising the establishment he belonged to meant it was taken seriously.

  1. What problems did Elizabeth I face at the begining of her reign?

    This left Elizabeth with several options of what to do in order to diffuse the situation and who to ally with afterwards. The easiest way in which to make peace with France was by accepting the loss of Calais. Following this Elizabeth would need to decide who to ally with; France or Spain.

  2. Why did the civil war break out in 1642?

    In November 1641 a Catholic rebellion broke out in Ireland against the Protestant rulers. Charles needed an army to break this rebellion but many MPs did not trust Charles. They thought he would raise an army, get rid of Parliament and rule by himself again.

  1. What Caused The English Civil War ?

    Parliament thought that Charles I should be setting better examples to his people by spending his money on things that were needed. This caused general money problems which were reflected in the political area. In 1629 Charles locked MPs out of Parliament for 11yrs.

  2. To what extent was Charles 1st responsible for causing the civil war in 1642?

    When Charles began his Personal Rule, which began in 1629 and ended in 1640. In this time, Charles used Ship tax, a tax that was used to improve the navy in times of war. However, slowly Charles began to increase Ship tax, and bring it inland, making him very unpopular which his people and Parliament.

  1. Why did Civil war break out in 1642?

    In the summer of 1640 Charles' army was defeated in Scotland. Charles agreed to pay the Scottish �850 per day till they manage to reach an agreement. Charles did not have enough money for these payments, so he decided to turn to Parliament, but the Parliament refused to give him

  2. How well did Pitt deal with the radical threat?

    as it would have been possible to manage the situation without creating such harsh laws. To conclude, Pitt dealt with the radical threat by imposing stricter laws and acts which on the whole made it harder for radicals to thrive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work