• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why and with what consequences did Italy go to war with Abyssinia in 1955?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why and with what consequences did Italy go to war with Abyssinia in 1955? In 1935 Mussolini Italy invaded Abyssinia with consequences that affect both the international and domestic scene. But why would Mussolini attack Abyssinia and what consequences did this cause? The reason why Mussolini invaded Abyssinia can be explained with a mixture of long term and short term international and domestic factors. In the long term internationally Mussolini had a long held nationalist dream to re-create the glories of Ancient Rome consisted of central Europe and was a great power. Mussolini wanted to consolidate East African territories. Italy already controlled the Eritrea and the Italian Somaliland in Africa and between these two territories was Abyssinia. If Italy could control Abyssinia they can be a major power in Africa. Mussolini wanted to avenge the humiliating defeat at Adowa in 1896. He wanted to prove that Italy was a great power in the world and by invading Abyssinia he could prove to Britain and France the Italy is a strong country and would increase Italian prestige. ...read more.

Middle

The events at Wal-Wal gave Mussolini an excuse to invade Abyssinia as Mussolini claimed that Italian soldiers were shot but the Abyssinians so he had a reason to invade. The international reaction to Mussolini invading Abyssinia did not prove as accommodating of Italian ambitions as Mussolini had assumed it would. As Abyssinia was in the League of Nations Haile Selassie demanded the League's actions against the aggressor. There was widespread condemnation and as a result sections were applied meaning that there would be no arms sales to Italy and league members would ban the import of Italian goods. In Dec 1935 Britain and France tried to negotiate with Italy with the Hoare-Laval Pact which meant handing a large part of Abyssinia to Italy. There was a public outcry to this and so the pact was abandoned, discrediting the League and destroying the Stresa Front. Fortunately for Mussolini the sanctions did not include to ban of Oil to Italy and certain countries, Germany, Japan and the USA did not support any of the sanctions. ...read more.

Conclusion

If Italy became engaged in a European conflict, newly conquered Abyssinia would be very difficult if not impossible to defend. The outcome of the war in Italy encouraged the regime to press on with plans to create a truly fascist state that were to dominate government domestic policy through to 1940. The war had been very expensive. It had forced the government into borrowing and had diverted industrial production into armament production. It contributed greatly to the poor state of the Italian economy in the years to 1940. During 1939-40 state expenditure was 60,389 million lire with a deficit of -28,039 million lire. Victory and belief in his own propaganda made Mussolini over-confident in terms of both his own political and military judgement and of Italy's military might. This was made more dangerous by the widespread cult of the infallible Duce and by Mussolini's total isolation from any source of criticism. In particular he developed and exaggerated contempt for Britain and France. Internationally, the League of Nations ended its ineffective boycott of Italy in July 1936. The League's failure to protect one of further undermined its credibility. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Operation Barbarossa - Causes and Consequences

    He is immune to the most terrible hardships' -General Mellethin As November closed, the German army was completed surrounded by Soviets. The Generals saw the army must retreat before the circle was completely closed and strengthened.

  2. The economic consequences of the First World War on Italy were the most significant(TM). ...

    Here many peasants were occupying uncultivated land and farming it for themselves. Agricultural labourers were joining socialist trade unions in ever greater numbers, particularly in the province of Emilia Romagna, and were beginning to demand higher wages and guaranteed employment.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    Although both Italy and Abyssinia were supposed to do as the league told them to do, if Italy didn't agree with the leagues decision then they weren't going to listen to it as the Italian leader Mussolini was quite prepared to go to war with Abyssinia.

  2. Vietnam war

    * The North Vietnamese invasion forced South Vietnamese troops into a bloody retreat that ended in a siege at Xuan-loc, a city 40 miles from Saigon, and the last South Vietnamese defense line before Saigon. * On April 21, the defense of Xuan-loc collapsed and PAVN troops and tanks rapidly advanced to Saigon.

  1. Fascist Italy

    To bolster the morale of the public and to divert attention from his failure to deal with rising unemployment and inflation, Mussolini decided to declare war on Abyssinia in 1934. This was the all-important image building campaign for the Prime Minister, and was to be the beginning of his 'Roman Empire'.

  2. Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the outbreak ...

    Either you were opposed to the growth of fascism and went out to fight against it, or you acquiesced in its crimes and were guilty of permitting its growth. There were many people who claimed it was a foreign quarrel and that nobody other than the Spaniards should involve themselves in it.

  1. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    Thus Britain and France instead of backing the League and collective security, preferred appeasement. Therefore the League lacking strong support, failed to curb the aggressors. This was highlighted in the event of 7th March 1936 when Germany Remilitarised the Rhineland.

  2. Explain why Mussolini took over Abyssinia and why he might provide different explanations for ...

    Mussolini signed these treaties to make Italy appear to be playing a major role in world affairs when, in fact, he was already planning the expansion of the Italian empire, through military means. Back at home Italy was facing severe economic problems; Italy was desperate for raw materials like coal,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work