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Why, Despite Setbacks, Was The Yorkist Campaign Against The Lancastrians Successful In The Years 1455-61?

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´╗┐WHY, DESPITE SETBACKS, WAS THE YORKIST CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE LANCASTRIANS SUCCESSFUL IN THE YEARS 1455-61? In the years 1455-61 the Yorkist campaign against the Lancastrians was successful because of the over mighty control of Margaret of Anjou and the dislike the nobles felt for their queen; Henry?s weakness at being a leader but also the strengths of the Yorkists and their leader Edward - who took over from York after his death. On balance the most important reason for the Yorkist win was the mistakes Margaret of Anjou made in dealing with York and his heir. Margaret of Anjou, on the whole, is the main reason the Lancastrians lost their campaign against the Yorkists: her failures at dealing with York and his supporters but also her failures at utilising her victories. In 1459, after the ?rout? of Ludford, Margaret of Anjou created the Parliament of Devils, it was created to humiliate York and cement the Lancastrian reign. However the point of the parliament did not turn out how Margaret had intended and due to her mistake the York?s, instead of losing support, gained allies from nobles that disagreed with the events which unfolded in Coventry. ...read more.


This Act of Accord did anger Mararget and her supporters because it disinherited her son and branded her as a traitor, stirring her into rebellion against the Accord. On the other hand, as this was happening the military strength and skill of Edward, Earl of March (York?s son) was shown when he returned from his exile in Calais with 2000 veterans to take London for the Yorkist campaign. In comparison with Henry the Yorkist showed the true strength a medieval King needed at that time. Richard and Edward were strong leaders who led their men into battle, they were able to command armies and manipulate politics whereas Henry could only be used as a puppet. The stark comparison of the Yorkist and Lancastrian leaders was very obvious and this would have helped Edward when he and Warwick needed allies to take the throne after York?s death at the Battle of Wakefield. The nobility would have wanted a King that could fight battles and win, giving stability to the country and Henry could not offer this, he was insane. Henry VI had collapsed into insanity twice, allowing York to become protector in 1456 and for many months York was able to rule the county better than Henry. ...read more.


Edward had shown his skill at being a King, his was only young and he had won against the older King who had shown no skill for a medieval leader and the disliked queen was on the run. Nevertheless, the skills Edward possessed would not have helped him if he had not had the opportunities Margaret had left open to him, the madness of Henry would also have helped him succeed. Edward also had the help of Warwick and the disloyalty of Lancastrian nobles. In conclusion the success of the Yorkist campaign was down to the mistakes of Margaret and the stark contrast of Henry and Edward. The difference between the two kings was obvious and when Margaret ? who had aloud Edward to be proclaimed king ? tried to reclaim the throne, support would have been hard to come by because of the skill March had shown on the battle field at such a young age, compared with the mistakes the Lancastrian queen had shown. Henry VI a puppet king to a troublesome queen was in no way a match for the charismatic young Edward IV. ...read more.

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