• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by 1945?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by 1945? An important factor to consider why the USSR was able to defeat Germany in 1945 was due to the Grand Alliance. Russia was part of the Grand Alliance, which united Britain and America against Hitler. The Grand Alliance was helpful economically and militarily to Russia. In 1944, Britain and USA reopened the Western front, which had been dormant since the Dunkirk evacuation of 1940. This further divided German forces, taking pressure of the eastern front. Economically, the American scheme of Lend-Lease which was established in 1941 by President Roosevelt, allowed its allies access across the American war goods at a fraction of their real cost. This economic aid helped the Russian war effort as it provided 12% of the aeroplanes and 10% of the tanks used by the Russian army during the war. Indeed, it also provided some of the vital raw materials that were in short supply for example coal and copper ? after the USSR?s loss of the Donbass region. The specialists that were sent to Russia helped to improve the quality of armaments and increase the production. ...read more.

Middle

Finally, Hitler sent troops to Stalingrad and Ukraine before conquering Leningrad or Moscow. This move overstretched the German Army and meant that Hitler was unable to conquer Russia?s capital. Therefore, the weaknesses of the Germans helped Russia to win in 1945. The last but most essential factor to consider is the mobilisation of the Russian nation. Stalin was under no illusions that communism was being to be unpopular in Russia, due to the Great Terror and the failures of Stalin?s economic policy and he also knew that traditional communist propaganda would not mobilise the Russian people. Therefore, he tried appealed to Russian patriotism. The war itself was named ?THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR? and Russian people were encouraged to use nationalist nicknames such as ?Fritz? to refer to the Germans. Patriotism helped Stalin to win the war, because it provided the Russians with a reason to fight. Joseph Stalin shrewdly altered the presentation of communist ideology during the war by making an alliance with the Church. Despite that, religion was still controlled by Stalin and the party ? the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church proclaimed that Stalin was ?God?s chosen leader? and that the fight against Germany was a Holy War. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, the opening of new fronts in North Africa and Western Europe ? forced the Germans to overstretch their troops. Another key main reason for Russia?s victory in the Second World War was Hitler?s strategic mistakes. Hitler could have taken Moscow by storm and in so doing knocked Russia out of the war. However, he chose to besiege the city and therefore gave General Zhukov time to organise a counter-attack and Gosplan time to develop a war economy. But, the most important and crucial factor to explain why the USSR was able to defeat Germany in 1945 was the mobilisation of the Home Front. Stalin knew that the teachings of the Church would inspire soldiers and their families back home to continue the fight for victory as the promise of heaven would be a comfort in the face of suffering and death. In this way, the Home Front was crucial to Russia?s victory in the Second World War because of the careful use of propaganda and the appeal of the Church motivated the Russian people to fight with all their heart and soul for victory. This resulted in 10% of the Russian population to die for the Motherland. Without the will and determination of the Russia people they would not have been able to save their country from defeat and ensured her victory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * 1928 Party Congress; the Right argued against Stalin's actions. They thought that the peasants would produce more if NEP continued and they had the opportunity to become prosperous. * There was a 'war-scare' in the USSR in 1927/8. The Right's policies offered only gradual industrialisation, but military strength has to be built on industrial strength.

  2. Why did the Franco-Prussian war happen and why were the Prussians able to defeat ...

    with the North German Confederation, Bismarck knew this and due to his aims of unification a military alliance against France would ultimately result in unification because there would be no opposition once France was defeated and Liberals had seen the strength of co-operation with Prussia an alliance may bring.

  1. Russia 1905 - 1941

    The red army needed to be supplied with weapons and enough food to see them through the civil was against the 'whites'. War communism was successful in keeping the army supplied with food, but this led to widespread starvation among the Russian workers and peasants.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    He then proclaimed the Soviet Union's intention to stay out of a "new imperialist war,'' which was ''already in its second year, as he saw it. " The Soviet Political Dictionary of 1940 described Stalin's report as raising "the question of the good neighborly relations between the Soviet Union and Germany.

  1. Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

    not be able to attack the Germans when they landed on the Kent and Sussex beaches. To control the channel the Germans needed to take control of the air. However Britain had a number of advantages over the Luftwaffe because Britain had radar which gave them early warning of the approach of the German planes.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    When the right opposed this, Stalin removed its leaders from the Politburo. Stalin was now effectively the leader of the USSR. Why did Stalin come to power? Power struggle about policy not personality for the most part, the direction the USSR should go.

  1. Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by ...

    Towards the end of the war the leadership of the Army was a lot more methodical, gained from previous experience. This clearly shows that how Russia approached Germany had an influence on their victory in 1945. Lastly, weather conditions played a big part in Russia?s victory because although Germany knew

  2. Why, despite the disasters of 1941, was the USSR able to defeat Germany by ...

    In fact, 1900 out of 2000 trains were built by the USA factories in the USSR, these trains were used to deliver supplies and soldiers to the front. Additionally, American and British?s armaments which were supplied to Russian, such as tanks and aircrafts, took a lot of pressure from domestic factories of the USSR.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work