• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did America get increasingly involved in Vietnam?1945-65 From the early 1800's up until 1931 Vietnam was controlled by France,

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did America get increasingly involved in Vietnam? 1945-65 From the early 1800's up until 1931 Vietnam was controlled by France, Frances rule was then ended as they were forced to pull out of Vietnam due to the start of WW2, France left a 'puppet ruler' named Emperor Bao Dai. This left Vietnam vulnerable to invasion which was an opportunity Japan could not refuse and took advantage of Vietnam's situation by invading. This sparked the return of a well known Vietnamese communist, Ho Chi Minh who was an exile during Frances rein, but thanks to WW2 was able to stage his return and help battle the Japanese and regain Vietnam's freedom. The Marshall Plan was the main way in which the United States for the reconstruction of Europe following WW2. Between 1948 and 1951 the USA contributed $13 billion (equivalent to nearly $100 billion in 2005) to 16 European Countries. This followed President Truman's speech in 1947. ...read more.

Middle

Diem helped rule the South of Vietnam with the Emperor Bao Dai, until he removed the Emperor and replaced him with himself. He then further abused his position and appointed his family and friends with the most beneficial positions. He then introduced new laws and taxes which greatly upset the peasants, especially with the new farming policies. It was these laws that led to protests such as the Monks which burnt themselves to death as they were unable to practise freely. Unfortunately for America the harm Diem was creating and led to an increase in their involvement. Diem was then assassinated shortly after. The Domino Theory was taken very seriously by the Americans. It suggested that Asian countries would fall victim to communism like dominoes, as in once one had fallen the next in turn would fall and so on. To ensure that Vietnam remained pro-western, President Eisenhower provided weapons and sent 17 'advisors' to train the ARVN. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was a major increase in the USA's involvement as it moved from in-direct to direct interference. Their reason for this increased involvement was due to "repeated acts of violence against the armed forces", but was no doubt related to America's objection to communism. The outbreak of war occurred on the 6-7th February 1965 at an American base in Pleiku. It was infiltrated and attacked by the Vietcong. Eight US advisors were killed and hundreds wounded. President Johnson now had his excuse to attack Vietnam, and on the 11th February he did so with 'Operation Rolling Thunder'. During 1954-1965 America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam. This was due to a large number of factors, but mainly due to its huge objection to communism and paired with its own interests, such as sustaining its trade with Vietnam and varies other financial reasons, which will have been of great value. Another less but still very convincing and valid reason for their increased involvement was the embarrassment of being beaten by such an unworthy advisory, which then increased their great fear and hatred of the communist threat spreading. Jordan Coughlin 10E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    The communists in the south knew that the peasants wanted to fight back. Diem's attack on the Vietminh was proving very successful. Diem's police and army were gradually eliminating Vietminh supporters in the South. It was time to fight back.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    They confirmed they were ready for war against the Syrian forces and their allies, whatever the price. Military exchanges between the LF, hostile to Gemayel's new relations with Syria, and Syria's West Beirut allies continued until the end of April when Syrian maneuvers produced a "National Unity Government" under the veteran Tripoli politician Rashid Karami.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    US planes overhead and that damage certainly occurred right in the centre of town." Between June 1965 and December 1966 Nam Dinh (City) suffered 51 raids, 100's of civilian casualties and 89 deaths. Frank Harvey went to Vietnam in 1966 to report on the air war for the magazine "Flying".

  2. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    I could also study from books from the library about the speech and the general study of the Vietnam War. The speech we have studied is biased, as the speech is a one sided story sticking to one subject, another form fro m this speech becoming biased is where at

  1. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    They used conscriptions to gain troops and lowered the expectations needed of a soldier to gain entry to the army. This meant the USA was using soldiers untrained in the war effort. Many of them died soon after being posted in Vietnam, which meant that more troop were yet again needed.

  2. Analysis of Vietnam Renunciation Speech - Lyndon B. Johnson General: ...

    The paragraph is rounded off by reaching out to the people and letting them know that the war is basically for their own safety and gain. The third paragraph is a very brief reference to America's allies and all other nations, where Lyndon Johnson assures them that America will stick to her promises and responsibilities.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Americans, who found it difficult to retain enough cash to purchase necessary goods. In 1772 the crown, having earlier declared its right to dismiss colonial judges at its pleasure, stated its intention to pay directly the salaries of governors and judges in Massachusetts.

  2. How Did America Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam

    This Japanese Vietnam was short lived as Japan was finally crushed by America. World War Two officially ends. This inadvertently involved America with Vietnam as they end Japanese rule in Vietnam. After Japan withdrew, the Vietminh established itself in Hanoi and made Vietnam into a Republic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work