• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement on September 30th 1938?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement on September 30th 1938? In 1938 most British politicians and the public still believed in a policy of appeasement to avoid war with Germany. There was still also a strong pacifist feeling and many people did not want a repeat of the First World War, as they had lost many close relatives. The Oxford Union debate in 1935; showed most of the public favoured disarmament, which meant they thought war wasn't an option. Also the British people wanted more money and resources spent on social welfare, which meant improving the standard of living, and if Chamberlain had decided to go to war in 1938, he would have looked very foolish because he would have gone against public opinion, his own foreign policy and other members of parliament. Britain was losing its grip on its empire and it wanted to preserve it. The British military was everywhere and therefore it was a long way away from home. ...read more.

Middle

Also Britain's Dominions weren't going to help, if she went to war and its allies like France were weak and unprepared. Also the French government was unreliable and unstable and if Britain went to war the French government could elect another prime minister who might decide to compromise with Germany. The USA was still isolationist and would not help Britain in a war, and it didn't join the war until December 1942. Britain was unprepared for a war militarily and Chamberlain needed time to build it up so signing the Munich Agreement, helped to prevent a war in 1938. Also Britain was an island and needed a large navy to protect its seas, because most ships were far away. The British politicians feared aerial bombing because the German airforces, the Luftwaffe, were very strong and Britain's airforce was very weak. The RAF told Chamberlain they would not be as ready until 1939, so appeasement was necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

Within the government there was a little bit of tension because Duff Cooper the 1st Lord of the Admiralty was in favour of mobilisation and the French primeminister Daladier was opposed to giving concessions. Chamberlain finally convinces the French that handing over the land to Hitler is best option and as Czechoslovakia was a successor state, he tells the Czechs that Britain made their country and so Britain could dismantle their country as well. Also Chamberlain was arrogant and he thought he could persuade Hitler on his own and nobody knew that Czeckslovakia's military was stronger than they thought at the time and therefore could have put up a bigger struggle. On 30th September 1938, Britain, France, Italy and Germany attended the Munich Conference and Russia was not invited as the Western powers distrusted her. 'Rump' Czechoslovakia was handed to Germany and Hitler signed a personal promise that Germany would not fight Britain By signing the Munich Agreement Chamberlain bought time for the military to prepare for war, he kept Hitler busy with by giving concessions and avoided a war at the time. By Hyder Mushtaq ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Communist Purification in Czechoslovakia.

    This glorious period of time in the Czechoslovak history is known as the Prague Spring. Artists and writers prospered and no longer were their works and masterpieces hidden and unpublicized. The regular Czech, Slovak, or ethnic Hungarian could freely participate and discuss the party's role at open debates.

  2. Were Contemporaries Correct in Viewing Chamberlain as a Peacemaker?

    When the treaty was originally created, the Germans despised it and its contents, whereas the rest of Europe and America thought it was a good idea, as it would prevent future wars due to Germany fearing Europe and America. Unfortunately, this reaction soon changed, as some countries began to realise why Germany despised the treaty.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    In December 1968, the Lebanese government was humiliated when Israeli commandos landed at Beirut International Airport and destroyed thirteen Middle East Airlines and TMA aircraft with impunity. The Israeli strike was in retaliation for a series of Palestinian hijackings. The Lebanese army did not interfere with Israeli attacks into Lebanon

  2. Press Treatment of the September 11th

    But these are violent men, regardless of their distance from the mayhem they initiate. Blair's enthusiastic part in the cluster bombing of civilians in Iraq and Serbia, and the killing of tens of thousands of children in Iraq, is documented.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work