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Why Did Charles I resort to Personal Rule?

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Introduction

Why Did Charles I resort to Personal Rule in 1629? King Charles I bequeathed the throne from his father, James, in the year of 1625. After just four years of rule, in 1629, the king made the extraordinary decision to order that the Commons were to end their session in parliament. This was seen as a radical choice as between the years of 1625 and 1629 Kind Charles I had called three parliaments, however decided to resort to Personal Rule on 2nd March 1629. There are 4 main theories for the breakdown in relations between parliament and Charles I. These are said to be either a fault of the Duke of Buckingham, a fault of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, or finally a fault of King Charles I. The first theory is that the poor relations between parliament and the crown were due the Duke of Buckingham. During the 1620's, England's foreign policy was catastrophic. Within the 2 years of 1624 to 1625, the king ordered for 2 military expeditions around Europe, which disastrously failed. ...read more.

Middle

From the years of 1485 until 1603, tonnage and poundage had been voted for the every monarch at the beginning of their reign, and for every year of their reign. However, Parliament only agreed vote this for the king for the first year, in order to make the point that it was a gift from the people to Charles. This was much to Charles' disapproval as he needed the money greatly and believed that it was his right to claim as every other king before had done so. Therefore, as a result of this, Charles went ahead and collected this money without the permission of parliament. Charles did this by resorting to 'prerogative' taxation, such as the forced loan. It was financial disputes such as this which left Charles believing that it would be more beneficial for him to collect funding without the aid of parliament. However, It could be argued that this is a fault of the Parliament as they took advantage of his youth and inexperience. The house of Commons particularly tried to take away the kings royal power and wealth as they believed that they could have succeeded in doing so. ...read more.

Conclusion

This therefore was a significant factor which led to the relationship breakdown between them, thus causing Charles to resort to personal rule. A further fault of Charles' which resulted in poor relations between parliament and the Crown was that the King appeared ill-suited for kingship; Charles was not able to persuade parliament to co-operate with him. In conclusion, due to faults of the House of Commons, the House of Lords, Charles I and the Duke of Buckingham, relations between the Crown and Parliament increasingly worsened, resulting in the personal rule of Charles I. This included issues such as tonnage and poundage, the Cadiz and Mansfield Expeditions, the religious views of the Charles I and finally the impeachment of Buckingham. Considering all of these factors, I believe that the Duke of Buckingham was the most significant factor which led to the dissolving of Parliament. I believe this not only because the favouritism the king showed towards him led to his unpopularity , but also because of the ill-judged decisions the king made as a result of Buckingham, such as refuses the subsidies which parliament offered him in exchange for Buckingham's impeachment. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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