• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Charles I resort to Personal Rule?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did Charles I resort to Personal Rule in 1629? King Charles I bequeathed the throne from his father, James, in the year of 1625. After just four years of rule, in 1629, the king made the extraordinary decision to order that the Commons were to end their session in parliament. This was seen as a radical choice as between the years of 1625 and 1629 Kind Charles I had called three parliaments, however decided to resort to Personal Rule on 2nd March 1629. There are 4 main theories for the breakdown in relations between parliament and Charles I. These are said to be either a fault of the Duke of Buckingham, a fault of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, or finally a fault of King Charles I. The first theory is that the poor relations between parliament and the crown were due the Duke of Buckingham. During the 1620's, England's foreign policy was catastrophic. Within the 2 years of 1624 to 1625, the king ordered for 2 military expeditions around Europe, which disastrously failed. ...read more.

Middle

From the years of 1485 until 1603, tonnage and poundage had been voted for the every monarch at the beginning of their reign, and for every year of their reign. However, Parliament only agreed vote this for the king for the first year, in order to make the point that it was a gift from the people to Charles. This was much to Charles' disapproval as he needed the money greatly and believed that it was his right to claim as every other king before had done so. Therefore, as a result of this, Charles went ahead and collected this money without the permission of parliament. Charles did this by resorting to 'prerogative' taxation, such as the forced loan. It was financial disputes such as this which left Charles believing that it would be more beneficial for him to collect funding without the aid of parliament. However, It could be argued that this is a fault of the Parliament as they took advantage of his youth and inexperience. The house of Commons particularly tried to take away the kings royal power and wealth as they believed that they could have succeeded in doing so. ...read more.

Conclusion

This therefore was a significant factor which led to the relationship breakdown between them, thus causing Charles to resort to personal rule. A further fault of Charles' which resulted in poor relations between parliament and the Crown was that the King appeared ill-suited for kingship; Charles was not able to persuade parliament to co-operate with him. In conclusion, due to faults of the House of Commons, the House of Lords, Charles I and the Duke of Buckingham, relations between the Crown and Parliament increasingly worsened, resulting in the personal rule of Charles I. This included issues such as tonnage and poundage, the Cadiz and Mansfield Expeditions, the religious views of the Charles I and finally the impeachment of Buckingham. Considering all of these factors, I believe that the Duke of Buckingham was the most significant factor which led to the dissolving of Parliament. I believe this not only because the favouritism the king showed towards him led to his unpopularity , but also because of the ill-judged decisions the king made as a result of Buckingham, such as refuses the subsidies which parliament offered him in exchange for Buckingham's impeachment. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    In reality, this was probably a culmination of his strong belief in the Divine Right of Kings and his lack of confidence. In his history of the period, the Earl of Clarendon cited a major reason for Charles' personality problems at "not trusting himself enough".

  2. Why Did Charles Dissolve Parliament in 1629?

    All these factors would have resulted in a very poor working relationship between Charles and his parliaments, which culminated in the dissolution of the 1629 parliament. Charles marriage to Henrietta Maria also made the working relationship quite hard. Henrietta Maria was Spanish and openly Catholic.

  1. Was Charles I Trying to Establish Royal Absolutism during his Personal Rule?

    They were seen as "revolutionaries threatening the status quo in Church and society" [Dr. Tyacke]. Perhaps the most controversial issue was the Calvinist belief in pre-destination. This conflicted with the new Arminian Church of England view that God's grace was open to all and that an individual could attain salvation by good works.

  2. Why was there a breakdown in relationship between king and parliament in 1629?

    The king thought that it was his divine right as king to manipulate the law to his own devises. Because of the forced loans that Charles had imposed on the Gentry and Nobility of England, much support for parliament had been gained.

  1. Why did Charles I decide to dissolve parliament in 1629?

    The last topic with some specific significance to why Charles dissolved Parliament in 1629 was Parliament's attempts to stop what they saw as abuses of royal powers, and Charles's reaction to these. To ensue that the Privy Council followed him even when Parliament didn't, Charles eliminated opponents, which narrowed the

  2. Why by 1629 had Charles I decided to rule without Parliament?

    During Charles' first Parliament in 1625 England were still at war with Spain, continuing what James had started. Charles wanted subsidies to support the war effort, however he failed to specify what in particular he wanted the subsidies for.

  1. One of the first political grievances that built up during the Personal Rule of ...

    One of the first was the problem with tonnage and poundage, during the time when parliament was established; they only granted the King one year of tonnage and poundage, revenue from custom taxes, instead of for life, but during his Personal Rule, Charles collected it every year.

  2. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    Their continual victories meant seniority which was invaluable to negotiations with the Burgundians. The suspicions concerning Joan were impacting Charles as his jealousy resulted from his own insecurities about himself and his capabilities as a leader.16 This opinion is further illustrated by Anne Denieul-Cormier.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work