• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Disraeli pass the 1867 Second Reform Act?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Disraeli pass the 1867 Second Reform Act? The 1867 Second Reform Act was an extremely intelligent piece of politics and demonstrated how clever Disraeli was as a politician, the act itself would enable Disraeli to the gain power amongst the Commons. With the death of Palmerston in 1865 the question of Reform was immediately back on agenda. Palmerston had been such a major political figure that while he was present, reform would never be an issue in the Houses of Parliament. Within a couple of months of the Derby administration coming into power there were two days of riots in Hyde Park over the reform of Parliament, involving clashes with police and the destruction of some of the park railings. If the Conservatives wished to remain in power something needed to be done, or so Disraeli said when he made a speech to the Commons in 186 7 saying that reform needed to be passed in order to "destroy the present agitation". ...read more.

Middle

We know also that this is not entirely true as when Disraeli created the Bill he discretely placed in it an "insurance policy", although the right to vote would be given to far more voter's in potentially Liberal voting areas, they were still severely under-represented in Parliament, so the support of the working class voters was not necessary. Tory democracy was not in actual fact beneficial to the working class, indeed the only people who would benefit from it were the Conservatives themselves, this is because Tory democracy was not about helping the working class but instead, gaining there support while doing as little social reform as possible, this is shown in 1866 when the Conservatives joined forces with several right wing Liberals in putting down the Second Reform Bill, if he had really wished to improve conditions for the working class then Disraeli would not have let his rivalry with Gladstone come between him and social reform. ...read more.

Conclusion

An additional benefit to Disraeli in passing the Second Reform Act was his intense dislike of Ewart Gladstone, the rivalry between Disraeli and Gladstone had been present since the repeal of the Corn Laws in 1845, and during the 1866 Russel administration Disraeli had cleverly demolished an attempt by Gladstone to push through a Second Reform Bill. If therefore, Gladstone was able to push through a Reform Bill of his own only a year later he would be humiliating the Liberals and in particular Gladstone himself, this is a concept he called, "to dish the Whigs". Principally the reasons for Disraeli passing the 1867 Second Reform Act was to gain power for himself among the government, potentially succeeding Derby as the Prime minister. However, his stated political reasons of the time might simply have been said to justify reform amongst his own party. Aneurin Rainbird SF5 History SA ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This response offers a good range of explanations for the reform bill of 1867, with awareness of Disraeli's personal and political context shown throughout. Some explanations lacked depth and the conclusion certainly could have been developed further.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 26/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Was Kenilworth a typical medieval castle?

    supply, a quarry, forests and a good food supply was easily obtainable. There were two Brookes near by, Inchford and Fineham brooks, good for drinking and washing, although, not a very good defence. With Kenilworth being so near to quarries this meant stone was readily available, which Kenilworth was later built from.

  2. Constitutional Nationalism succeeded in achieving its aims whereas revolutionary nationalism failed and cultural nationalism ...

    1840s gave Young Ireland authority within Ireland and a platform to voice their ideas. There were also failures experienced by Thomas Davis and Young Ireland, such as the fact that they talked quite frankly about the use of violence and yet they never acted and so seemed like they were 'all talk' to the public.

  1. How successfully did the Liberal Reforms 1906-14 meet the social needs of the British ...

    people were insured against unemployment and sickness "it left the adult citizen alone". In contrast, Peter Clark argues that even though the reforms were limited, they by-passed the Poor Laws and brought in a system which won approval. Martin Pugh stands somewhere in the middle, his argument being that the

  2. Why did Labour win the 1945 election and lose in the 1951 election?

    government Labour had brought about serious change and a number of reforms. The labour Government of 1945-51 passed, in total, 347 acts of parliament. These acts included the reforms set out in the Beveridge plan, various other reforms and nationalisation.

  1. How effective was Henry VII’s government?

    This will decide whether it can be called effective or not. Fifteenth century government was centred upon the king and his immediate circle of advisers, the king's council. Henry surrounded himself with a number of able councillors, around 70 at one time.

  2. Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment

    This treaty also banned Spain, like France, from harbouring rebels against Henry. Another treaty was signed between Spain and England against France. Spain had agreed to assist Henry in attempts to regain land in France as long as England would do the same.

  1. What Was The Main Cause Of The First English Civil War?

    people in control, notably leader John Pym, were attempting to restrict his power and undermine the rule and policies that were in place. His fears were realized in February of 1641 when the Triennial Act was passed; preventing Charles from dissolving Parliament if and when he pleased, while enforcing a

  2. Why did Pitt dominate politics 1783-93?

    supporters in contest with the opposition who only got 213, this meant that political stability existed once more in British politics, and Pitt could now tackle Britain?s other problems and create new policies to improve Britain. Pitt?s policies were a major part of gaining domination, he successfully increased support for

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work