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Why did Germany lose World War Two?

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Introduction

´╗┐Why did Germany lose World War Two? There are many reasons why Germany lost World War Two, namely Hitler?s underestimation of the Red Army, America joining the war and in turn their ability to rearm and produce a viable army and Hitler?s obsessive campaign to invade the USSR. However the reason which I believe has the most weight is Hitler?s miscalculations of both America and the Red Army. Hitler was the supreme commander of Germany throughout the war so it seems inevitable that his decisions must be responsible for Germany losing the Second World War. He refused to listen to anyone else?s advice, not even his own officers?. He thought that he knew best in every situation when, of course, he did not. He over-stretched both himself and his armies. An examination of his decisions should therefore reveal why Germany lost. Hitler's approach to Operation Barbarossa illustrates how unrealistic his thinking was and his total lack of understanding of the value of lives. Although before the Operation the fighting had gone quite well and he had advanced quite far from the East, Operation Barbarossa went wrong. He refused to let his troops retreat from Russia after the Operation had almost definitely failed, as he thought his troops were being cowards, although it was almost inevitable that they would suffer large losses and a massive defeat. ...read more.

Middle

After this it was almost inevitable that Germany would lose the war. Hitler?s tactic of Blitzkrieg ? Lighting War ? which had worked so well, especially with the conquering of France, did not work when attacking Stalingrad but he carried on despite this. In this way Hitler proved that he was unable to adapt to different types of warfare. Hitler?s poor choice of allies also contributed heavily to his defeat in World War Two. His first main ally, Italy, was a weak and volatile country and was a millstone round the Nazis' neck. Italy indirectly caused the delay to Operation Barbarossa, which postponed its start from mid-May to the end of June 1941, which was significant because the Germans might have been able to defeat the Red Army before their winter, which wreaked havoc on the German army and caused many deaths. Also Italy changed side to the Allies as soon as it seemed like Germany was going to lose. Japan would only have made sense as an ally if it had attacked the Soviet Union in the Far East. Hitler's main alliance was based on ideology, not on shared interests. The other less powerful Axis states like Hungary and Romania tended to follow in step with Germany in an effort to gain territory. ...read more.

Conclusion

The fact that he failed to destroy Britain?s air force was also important as Germany was crippled by the unforgiving onslaught of bombs. The bombing forced the German Air Force to divert most of its fighter force to the defence of Germany, and to reduce sharply the proportion of bomber aircraft produced. Secondly, the bombing placed a limit on the ability to produce armaments in enough quantities that matched the opposition. Bombing provided the key difference between the western Allies and Germany. There are many other factors that explain victory and defeat but without Soviet resistance and reform, American rearmament and the western air power, the ability of the three major allies to wear down the German and Japanese resistance would have been highly questionable. However in my opinion, the factor that proved fatal for Germany was Hitler?s misjudgement. There were two instances in particular where Hitler?s judgement was to contribute towards his downfall. Firstly, he believed that the Red Army was a primitive force, incapable of prolonged resistance, which proved to be the contrary. Similarly he was wrong in his insistence that the USA would take years to rearm and could never produce an effective army. It is therefore clear to see that Hitler?s errors in judgement were the most prominent reasons as to why Germany lost the war. ...read more.

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