• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Hitler’s Russian campaign fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sophie Taylor 2nd GCSE History Why did Hitler's Russian campaign fail? Hitler was a great admirer of Napoleon and clearly had always dreamt of a Russian campaign which would be more successful than that of his hero by using his mistakes to his own advantage. He had devised a strategy whereby the Russians would be encircled in a series of rapid blitzkrieg movements so not allowing the German forces to be diverted deep inland therefore not allowing the supply lines to be stretched any further. Hitler thus became overconfident. He was fixed on the idea that the war would be over by winter and therefore did not issue any winter clothing to the advancing troops. Unfortunately for him this was not to be the case three more years were to pass before the Germans finally admitted their defeat. In the early months Stalin and his government had been slow to react , they had not listened to the numerous warnings that Britain had issued them therefore were very ill prepared and badly equipped for the approaching invasion. ...read more.

Middle

This had a major effect on the advancing Germans who were consequently slowed down. This gave General Zhukov, leader of the Russian forces, sufficient time to plan his counter offensive which was to be a major factor in the defeat of the German invading forces. One factor that Hitler had not anticipated was that scorched earth policy of the Russians. He announced the Policy over live radio saying: "In case of a forced retreat... all rolling stock must be evacuated, the enemy must not be left a single engine, a single railway car, not a single pound of grain or gallon of fuel. The collective farmers must drive off all their cattle and turn over their grain to the safe keeping of the state authorities for transportation to the rear. All valuable property, including non-ferrous metals, grain and fuel that cannot be withdrawn must be destroyed without fail. In areas occupied by the enemy, guerilla units.... ...read more.

Conclusion

All it did was divide the forces therefore further weakening the German advance into Russia. They wasted much valuable ammunition, fuel and men on a pointless battle. Hitler did not want at any cost that Von Paulus, in charge of the VI Panzer Army, surrender, he prefered letting his valuable supply of men die in fierce combat than to retreat. It was obvious to any outsider that they were on the loosing side from the beginning, but still he did not back down. He knew that if this battle was lost it would be a serious boost of moral to the Russian population so was so suicidal in his tactics. This major loss of men ( about a 150 000 men) could have made an important difference in the outcome of the invasion. The hazardous conditions of the bitterly cold Russian winter did not help the Germans in their planned submission of the Russian people. When one considers that three had to be endured before defeat was finally admitted. As Napoleon had seen more than a century before that the temperature was the most formidable opponent : General winter. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    ideas but it was nowhere near where he had wanted it to be. Most of the country's produce was agricultural. Stalin wanted Russia to be a leading industrialized country. In Russia then there were three classes of people: the very rich, the better off peasants (Kulaks)

  2. Success of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Emancipation Campaign

    Short Answer: Others believe that Catholic Emancipation would have not had a chance in passing Parliament without the great leadership of Daniel O'Connell. O'Connell used several methods to bring the issue to the forefront. He set up the Catholic Association where he wanted to "take the strongest measures the law

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    Few European leaders understood the full scope of Hitler's intentions, and a decision to go to war would have been hugely unpopular in countries, such as Britain and France, that had been so devastated in World War I. Indeed, many sincerely believed that the very concept of war had become obsolete.

  2. Operation Barbarossa and the Russian Offensive.

    The central army had captured 600,000 soldiers and 5,000 tanks, on their own. The Germans had said that this attack was because of the Soviet military build up on the border. It was said that Stalin had a "nervous breakdown".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work