• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Lenin abandon War Communism in 1921?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Lenin abandon War Communism in 1921? War Communism is the term that historians refer to as the economic situation and the tactics that were used in the Soviet Union towards the end of the Civil War by the Bolsheviks. After the October Revolution - Lenin and Trotsky (primarily Lenin) faced the massive problem of running and directing Russia's economy. All the Revolutionists shared the ideas of philosopher Karl Marx but they did not share the ideas on how to implement them. In 1917, through the influence of many German Social Democrats, Lenin advocated state capitalism. He saw that the banks held a key position in regulating and influence a strong economy without having to resort to drastic measures by completely changing the suffering Russian Economy. Lenin's first move was to nationalize banks and foreign and internal loans. ...read more.


The space left by this incident let to the creation of two anti-Bolshevik authorities: the West Siberian Commissariat, of predominantly liberal complexion, based at Omsk; and the Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly, composed of Socialist Revolutionaries, based at Samara. Actions like the above were known as 'The Red Terror' Events like these caused the Moscow government to crack down heavily on non-Bolshevik socialists. The Menshevik and Socialist Revolutionary deputies were expelled from the central and local soviets and prevented from engaging in any organized political activity. 1918 saw the turning of the civil war for the Reds as they began to overcome opposition to the State and the White army. This was down to many tactical employments by the Reds. Petrograd and Moscow were seen as the key areas and these were always well defended through interior lines and railways which Trotsky himself used to transport his special army to and from battles. ...read more.


On the other end of the scale were the middle-class as they were now seen as the former people. With these new features of the system, the Bolsheviks looked to be obtaining authority but there were still many cases of attacks against the state. War Communism was not as productive as it seems though. Its foremost aim was to provide for the war and workforce so the normal people did suffer. When the war ended however, people's hopes and expectations changed. Workers and peasants wanted an improvement in their standard of living and an end to wartime policies. With conditions deteriorating by the spring of 1921 - a revolt started against the Bolshevik Government. Shocking cases of the famine in Southern Russia after a severe drought led to the deaths of 5 million people. Lenin could do nothing to win the Russian population over with War Communism in place so he was forced to change. It was these circumstances in 1921 that led to the introduction of NEP and the end of War Communism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    Lenin's presentation of the theses was closely followed up by the crisis of the "April Days", in which significant popular protests were raised in Petrograd against the Provisional Government for its continued goal of annexing the Bosporus and Dardanelles. The early revolutionary consensus, based upon a common hatred of the

  2. War communism and NEP

    The reintroduction of Piecework was met with fierce opposition from the workers who saw it as unfair yet this would increase production in times of need. The reintroduction of Managers caused great fear of return to the old manner of the Tsarist regime.

  1. Vietnam war

    200,000 prostitutes. * Urbanisation of society rose from 20% in 1960 to 43 % in 1971� however industrial productivity decreased 23 %. Agricultural production fell, as did yields per hectare. * Peasants returning to traditional methods in 1975 were indebted, had a lower living standard than before the war and faced the ever-present threat of famine.

  2. Soviet State

    The passports gave the government centralised control over where people lived and worked, and enabled them to tie workers either to the town or the countryside, as proletarians or peasants. * Demand for labour was so high, that in 1929, unemployment stood at 1.7million, while in 1931 it had dwindled to almost nothing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work