• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Leon Trotsky lose the 'Power Struggle' to Joseph Stalin in 1924?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

2-April-2003 History Assignment Roham Gharegozlou, 1oIB History Assignment Why did Leon Trotsky lose the 'Power Struggle' to Joseph Stalin in 1924? Language: English Subject: History Teacher: Mme Therrode Institution: EABJM One of the most controversial and notable politicians of his time, Trotsky was at one point the 'second in command' in Bolshevik Russia, right after Lenin. Respected and supported by the latter, who himself was regarded as the unquestioned Bolshevik leader, Trotsky enjoyed a very large influence within the Communist Party of the time, both due to his ties with Lenin and his great contribution to the October revolution in Russia. Thus it was that in 1924, after Lenin's death, Trotsky seemed to most, and to himself certainly, to be the logical successor. Why is it then that Stalin, someone whom Trotsky did not even think of as competition, completely decimated Trotsky politically and caused his complete downfall in communist ranks? ...read more.

Middle

His post as General Secretary allowed him to keep such close contact with the Party members, whereas Trotsky's post necessitated his constant traveling and thus eloignment from the Party members. This impression of aloofness was not helped by the fact that, through Stalin's plans, Trotsky was not informed in time of Lenin's death and was thus not present at his funeral: a very bad image for the potential successor to have. A third, and perhaps peripheral, but nevertheless important aspect was Trotsky's sickness at the time: he had contracted malaria recently at a 'duck-hunting expedition'. In Source H we can see that, according to his wife, his sickness coupled with his situation put an extremely heavy weight on his shoulders, and Trotsky himself "ruefully noted that his illness could hardly have come at a worse time", meaning that it must have had quite an impact on his performance against his opposition, definitely not good for his position in the Party at such an important stage. ...read more.

Conclusion

This made Trotsky the favorite for the power struggle, leading two other candidates (albeit much smaller ones), Kamenev and Zinoviev, to side initially with Stalin, hoping to reduce Trotsky's strength, thereby improving their own position. This reinforced Stalin in his legitimacy, and by the time the two switched over to the Trotsky 'camp', Stalin was already too strong and shortly afterwards, Trotsky was expelled from the party. It is due to all aforementioned reasons that Stalin was able to secure a much stronger foothold than his rival, and ultimately oust him from the 'match': gradually, through various means of political slander and defamation, Trotsky, as well as Kamenev and Zinoviev, lost support in the party and were marginalized, with Trotsky of course being sent out of the country. Thus it was that the rise of Stalinism came about in the globe, and set off a controversial, savage, and brutally efficient regime that was going to shape the world's current affaires for decades to come. Trotsky's Failure to win the Power Struggle 2-April-2003 Roham Gharegozlou, 1oIB Page 2/4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Joseph Stalin rise to power?

    However, Stalin was not a true alley of Lenin and used his manipulation to try and show the contrary. Another key factor which helped Stalin rise to power was his cleverness. He did many clever things which helped him rise to power in Russia.

  2. Why did Stalin win the struggle to power?

    He made a number of grave mistakes which ultimately led to Stalin's rise to power. Prior to his death, Lenin had grown increasingly worried about the power that Stalin was gaining and wrote in his testament about him "not being able to use power with sufficient caution."

  1. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power in 1923 – 9?

    In the remainder of his testament he comments on the prose and the cons of each major candidate to take his place, he says that Kamenev is clever but not practical and that Zinoviev is weak in a crisis, he also mentions Bukharin.

  2. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    At that juncture, Stalin was not in the lead to succeed Lenin. He was considered as less of a threat than Trotsky, who was thought of as a Bonapartist threat who would, if given Lenin's preeminence, commence a military dictatorship.

  1. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power 1924-29?

    Stalin's conscientiousness was his success in the long term. He was happy to accept whatever job was going in the party, so long as it kept him out of having to speak in public often. Seemingly boring jobs such as 'Commissar for Nationalities' and 'General Secretary' allowed him to lay strong foundations for himself within the party.

  2. Stalin and Trotsky

    The two speeches given by Staling and Trotsky give an unobjectionable perspective of the two leaders. The sources allow the public to clearly see what the morals and views of these two leaders are. 3. With reference to their origins and purpose, assess the value and limitations of Sources A and D to historians studying early communist Russia.

  1. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    Russian army would have to be moved into the new Communist Party. Lenin made Trotsky head of the new army named 'The Reds'. The Reds were primarily formed to oppose the Whites and Trotsky enlisted the help of over 5 million people to join their cause.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    On the other hand, less enthusiastic workers suffered. Absenteeism was punished and there were other tough methods of work discipline. In the mid-1930s, workers carried a labour book that recorded their background, their labour history and any breaking of the rules.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work