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Why did more formal segregation of African Americans develop in the south after Reconstruction?

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Why did more formal segregation of African Americans develop in the south after Reconstruction? After the Reconstruction Period, despite having gained many civil rights in theory, formal segregation of African Americans developed in the south, especially in Alabama and Mississippi, where there was a large number of African Americans. By 1877, most Southern states had regained control of themselves from the Northern states and began to reverse the civil rights of African Americans, notably through Jim Crow segregation laws. The laws were named after a fictional character (Jim Crow), which was a white stereotype of African Americans, as a lazy, dirty, violent and stupid man. The laws formally segregated blacks and whites from each other, in eight Southern states. They legalised segregation on trains, even though it had been happening informally prior to the introduction of the laws. The rulings also enforced segregation in waiting rooms and toughened the segregation laws in Southern schools, which had been established after the Civil War. ...read more.


Therefore, it justified their racist beliefs of African Americans and other non-white races, especially for whites who felt guilty about their treatment of other races. In addition, white southerners who were hesitant about the segregation laws were being convinced that the laws would help evade race riots and violence. These beliefs of countless white Southerners were significant in the development of more formal segregation laws. Carrying on, the actions of the Supreme Court were significant in allowing the racist white Southerners to enforce the segregation laws and didn't do much to stop them. When many cases, regarding the segregation laws in action, were brought to the Supreme Court, it would rule the laws as constitutional. For example, in Plessy v Ferguson (1896) a mixed race man went to the Supreme Court when he was refused a seat in white railway carriage; however the Supreme Court ruled the segregation as constitutional. ...read more.


In conclusion, the development of the formal segregation of African Americans, in the south after the Reconstruction Period happened because of racist white Southerners wanting to make sure their future was firm, due to the threat of African Americans being free and able to be equal to them. They believed that whites were to be dominant and that was the way it should be. The segregation laws ensured that white Southerners would stay dominant. However, the US government, in the form of the Supreme Court, made certain that formal segregation laws could develop in the south due to its constant rulings that the segregation laws were constitutional; it was significant in allowing the racist Southern states to keep African Americans segregated from whites. Also, perhaps if African Americans, themselves, had done more to actually gain their rights in reality and fought against segregation instead of accepting it, the laws may have not become so formal. But they didn't have he support needed, which is why the segregation laws weren't questioned in the beginning. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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