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Why Did Napoleon fall from Power in 1814?

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  • Essay length: 822 words
  • Submitted: 13/01/2004
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AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945

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Why Did Napoleon fall from Power in 1814?

Napoleon eventually fell from power in 1814 due to a combination of reasons, each resulting from a chain reaction originally caused by the failure of Napoleons' major military campaigns, such as the ill fated campaign to invade Russia.

In 1812, Napoleon led his army to Russia after they had gone back on the treaties of Tilsit and Erfurt in 1808, and had agreed to reopen trade with Britain. This was perhaps Napoleon's fatal mistake because he split his army to attempt to fight on two fronts. When the Tsar rejected the Continental System, which was ruinous to Russia's economy, Napoleon gathered the largest army Europe had ever seen. The Grande Armée, which consisted of some 600,000 strong, including troops of all the vassal and allied states, entered Russia in June 1812. The Russian troops, (under the stewardship of Mikhail Kutuzov), fell back, systematically devastating the land. After the eventual (although costly) capture of Moscow in September 1812, and after the disastrous crossing of the Berezina River late in November after the decision was taken to retreat, the Grande Armée, stood only at a fifth of its original

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