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Why Did So Many Palestinians Become Refugees in 1948-49

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Why Did So Many Palestinians Become Refugees in 1948-49 In this essay I am going to look at the reasons why many Palestinians became refugees in 1948-49. I am going to look at it from both the point of view of the Palestinians and the Israelis. Violence on both Israeli, and Palestinian sides increased during 1947. By December, Palestinians began to flee Israel, to the Western Bank. In the areas where the Jews where strong, the wealthier Palestinians decided to move out. This caused the morale of the Palestinians to begin to drop. Between December 1947, and January 1948, many other Palestinians, who were richer, also moved, to escape from the fighting. Many of the British employed Palestinians left, as they thought that there was no future for them in the Jewish state. This caused the morale to drop further. During March and April, many of the roads linking Jerusalem to the Jewish heartlands on the coast were targeted for yet more fighting. ...read more.


Here you can see that the terror caused by the Israelis was the reason why so many people fled their homes. The heard news from places caught in the fighting, and decided to leave before they were affected. The Israelis forced people to leave the villages, otherwise they were killed. The Palestinians feared their lives, and felt that fleeing the country was the safes option. Also, the Jewish leaders decided that they were not going to let the Palestinian refugees back into the country once they had left. They felt that thousands of Palestinians coming back into the county would mean that the country may become unstable, and the Jewish force hindered during the war. Therefore, you can see that the Palestinians where driven from there homes, through terror from the Israelis. If they did not leave, they would have been killed. So many of them remained refugees, because they were not allowed back across the border. ...read more.


Also the Arab leaders made the situation worse by leaving the refugees in the camps for as long as possible, as propaganda against Israel. My conclusion therefore, is that it is clear that the Arab and the Israelis both have very different views as to why so many Palestinians became refugees in 1948-49. However, I feel that a mixture of both side's actions was the cause of the problem. The Jews were at fault because they drove innocent people from their homes, and terrorised many more, sometimes killing a whole village, as in Deir Yassin, and that it was unfair to stop refugees from returning to the country. But, the Arabs did bring it on themselves, by ignoring the UN partition plan, and invading Israel in the first place, which started the war. If this had not happened, the problems would have never occurred. The Arab countries in the region could have helped the refugees out, and the leaders should have not forced the refugees to stay in the camps for so long. If both sides had acted differently, the problems that occurred may have been avoided. Sam Coley 11H ...read more.

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