• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalemate develop on the western front?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalemate develop on the western front? Stalemate in war is when there is a deadlock and neither side can win. There are many reasons for the stalemate of World War 1. By the end of 1914 both Germany and France were digging trenches, using bared wire and sitting machine guns. The war became stagnant the war had changed from a war of movement to a war of stalemate. Both sides began to build trenches along what would become the western front. This was not what Count Von Schlieffen had planned to happen. So why did Stalemate develop on the western front. There are many reasons why Stalemate developed on the western front, one of the reasons was because the German troops were exhausted as the German army had to cover from 20 - 25 miles a day. So they were getting emotionally and physically drained. J.M Winter who wrote 'The Experience of World War 1' said 'Why did the plan fail? First the men of the German army had to cover 20-25 miles a day. ...read more.

Middle

General Joffre inspired the French armies to resist the German advance, and he rushed reserved troops to the front from Paris, using taxis when necessary. He ordered that 'a unit which can no longer advance must at all costs retain the ground it has gained and rather than retire, be killed on the spot.' Over the four days 5-9 September, at the Battle of the Marne, the exhausted Germans were thrown back from the Marne River. They began to dig trenches to defend themselves this is one of the reasons why Stalemate developed on the western front. Another reason why Stalemate developed on the western front was because Moltke lost control of the army because he was too far away. J.M Winter who wrote 'The Experience of World War 1' said 'Moltke could not obtain enough information to direct the campaign. The German army had tried to do the impossible.' Stalemate developed because Moltke was too far away to tell the German army what to do and where to go, so they started to dig trenches to protect them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Battle of Ypres was also another cause of Stalemate. The Battle of Ypres happened between 12 October to the 11 November 1914. The BEF lost around 50,000 men and the Germans probably 100,000, but British (led by Lt Gen Haig in this area) held this important ground. They kept control of the English Channel ports, which meant they could be supplied with equipment and reinforcements. By November 1914 it was deadlock. The BEF had been decimated. The French had already suffered around 1 million dead or wounded in just 10 weeks. Despite this, the French army tried to break through the German lines in Anton and Champagne in December, but they were beaten back with heavy loses. As 1914 ended, the fighting had developed Stalemate. So Stalemate had developed on the Western Front because of many different reasons. One was that the German troops were just too exhausted to fight and started to dig trenches as this was the only way to defend them so they wouldn't be killed. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan led to the German troops being exhausted and a fruitless race to the sea, which lead to both sides digging trenches. All of these factors together caused stalemate to develop. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Andrea Streets ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    much more positive and full of confidence because, 'All went like clockwork', it went as planned. This shows that Haig does care about his men however he wanted to warn the nation that soldiers were going to die; this was done so the nation weren't shocked when thousands of men died.

  2. Why did a stalemate occur on the Western Front?

    its strength and speed and altered the balance of the attack (Germans fought an unplanned offensive attack in Liege, with a large number of soldier, which caused a bottleneck and slowed the advance).

  1. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    The Battles of Verdun and the Somme have sinced been recognised as a turning point in the war although at the time they were thought of as a complete disaster. In 1917 the Americans joined the war after the Germans declared unrestricted warfare on American ships suspected of carrying armaments for the Allies, although America maintained neutrality.

  2. The First World War - questions and answers on the Schlieffen plan, and the ...

    The Americans still joined although the President, Woodrow Wilson, had wanted to keep out the war in Europe. Germany had also tried to encourage Mexico to become an ally, and as a direct threat, persuade them to attack America. The American Declaration of war made the Germans aware that they needed to win the war as soon as possible.

  1. Captain Corelli's Mandolin - Chapter 63 is called 'Liberation.' How does de Bernieres ...

    Shakespeare's character Hamlet had a fatal character flaw of vacillation which caused his death, so too does Mandras, he was stubborn, ignorant and finally gullible to believe the communists would be living a better life. Mandras' faith also became insecure and eventually he gave up easily on God and how

  2. What Broke the Stalemate Stalemate is the word used to describe the situation on ...

    I personally don't think that the other reasons why the stalemate was broken are nearly as important as the Blockade and Ludendorff offensive. On the sixth April nineteen seventeen Britain, France and Russia were joined by a new ally the United States of America.

  1. By the end of 1914 a stalemate had developed on the Western Front, Discuss ...

    Officially the United States of America was neutral but has been supplying equipment and loaning money to the Allies. German submarines destroyed many American boats headed for Britain.

  2. Why Did Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    The tank was not the only new technology. There was also the grenade, flamethrower and gas/smoke shells. These are just a selection. One of the most important technological advances was the machine gun. The Germans used the Maxim, English the Vickers/Lewis and French the Chauchat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work