• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalemate develop on the western front?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalemate develop on the western front? Stalemate in war is when there is a deadlock and neither side can win. There are many reasons for the stalemate of World War 1. By the end of 1914 both Germany and France were digging trenches, using bared wire and sitting machine guns. The war became stagnant the war had changed from a war of movement to a war of stalemate. Both sides began to build trenches along what would become the western front. This was not what Count Von Schlieffen had planned to happen. So why did Stalemate develop on the western front. There are many reasons why Stalemate developed on the western front, one of the reasons was because the German troops were exhausted as the German army had to cover from 20 - 25 miles a day. So they were getting emotionally and physically drained. J.M Winter who wrote 'The Experience of World War 1' said 'Why did the plan fail? First the men of the German army had to cover 20-25 miles a day. ...read more.

Middle

General Joffre inspired the French armies to resist the German advance, and he rushed reserved troops to the front from Paris, using taxis when necessary. He ordered that 'a unit which can no longer advance must at all costs retain the ground it has gained and rather than retire, be killed on the spot.' Over the four days 5-9 September, at the Battle of the Marne, the exhausted Germans were thrown back from the Marne River. They began to dig trenches to defend themselves this is one of the reasons why Stalemate developed on the western front. Another reason why Stalemate developed on the western front was because Moltke lost control of the army because he was too far away. J.M Winter who wrote 'The Experience of World War 1' said 'Moltke could not obtain enough information to direct the campaign. The German army had tried to do the impossible.' Stalemate developed because Moltke was too far away to tell the German army what to do and where to go, so they started to dig trenches to protect them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Battle of Ypres was also another cause of Stalemate. The Battle of Ypres happened between 12 October to the 11 November 1914. The BEF lost around 50,000 men and the Germans probably 100,000, but British (led by Lt Gen Haig in this area) held this important ground. They kept control of the English Channel ports, which meant they could be supplied with equipment and reinforcements. By November 1914 it was deadlock. The BEF had been decimated. The French had already suffered around 1 million dead or wounded in just 10 weeks. Despite this, the French army tried to break through the German lines in Anton and Champagne in December, but they were beaten back with heavy loses. As 1914 ended, the fighting had developed Stalemate. So Stalemate had developed on the Western Front because of many different reasons. One was that the German troops were just too exhausted to fight and started to dig trenches as this was the only way to defend them so they wouldn't be killed. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan led to the German troops being exhausted and a fruitless race to the sea, which lead to both sides digging trenches. All of these factors together caused stalemate to develop. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Andrea Streets ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    much more positive and full of confidence because, 'All went like clockwork', it went as planned. This shows that Haig does care about his men however he wanted to warn the nation that soldiers were going to die; this was done so the nation weren't shocked when thousands of men died.

  2. Why did a stalemate occur on the Western Front?

    its strength and speed and altered the balance of the attack (Germans fought an unplanned offensive attack in Liege, with a large number of soldier, which caused a bottleneck and slowed the advance).

  1. There are four main factors which affected the final outcome of the war: the ...

    This would not have continued without the propoganda and the governments policy of protecting the public from hearing news that would destroy their trust. The Home Front was succesfull due to the efforts of many women who were able to show the men in power that they were as good as them.

  2. The First World War - questions and answers on the Schlieffen plan, and the ...

    Gas was used for the first time in 1915 alongside tanks though neither of these had any major effect in any breakthroughs. In April 1917, the USA had declared war on Germany, due to the Germans sinking four US ships and the Zimmerman Telegraph being discovered.

  1. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    Rather, it provided an opportunity for the development of trench warfare and thus the long-standing stalemate on the Western Front. Plan XVII was similar to the Schlieffen Plan in that it was committed to offensive action against Germany, and had several miscalculations and assumptions.

  2. Stalemate was on the western front for many years.

    to come back with something so they brought in highly trained troops and used counter attacks. So all the elements played are part in the break of stalemate. Without anyone of the elements the break of stalemate would not have happened in the way that it did and it would not have happened in the time that it did.

  1. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front in 1914 ? How was ...

    Defending a position is always easier than attacking a position. When Joffre troops assembled at East Paris they were tired and decided to dig in and take up defensive positions. The French famously said that they would never let the Germans have Paris.

  2. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan - Stalemate.

    * 9 September, B´┐Żlow ordered retreat of his force - spread rapidly to rest of the German Armies. * CRAIG: Defeat marked definitive failure of Schlieffen plan & turned war in west into a struggle for which the German officer corps, raised in the tradition of mobile war, was not prepared.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work