• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Russia 1928-1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Russia 1928-1929? There were many reasons why Stalin became leader of the soviet Russia in 1928. The most important reason was the institutions that gave him power. However, ideological debates about the economy, the impact of Lenin on Soviet political life, and shifting alliances also played a part. One reason why Stalin emerged as leader was the political institutions that he headed. His roles within the part gave him the power to appoint, promote and sack party members. For example, as General Secretary, a role he was given in 1922, he had the power of patronage and could appoint people to prestigious jobs. He was also able to select who attended Party Congresses. Since Party Congresses were used to select the Central Committee, Stalin had a powerful influence over the leadership party. ...read more.

Middle

(in order to achieve this) -To this end he said that agriculture should be collectivised. This was unpopular with the peasants, as they wanted to have control of their own farms. Consequently, Trotsky and the Left opposition were unpopular in the party. In 1928 Stalin switched his allegiance to support collectivisation. This gained him a lot of support within the party because by this time the NEP was seen to be failing. The ideological debates were important to Stalin's rise to power because he was able to use them to gain popularity within the party. A third factor that explains Stalin's rise to power was Lenin's impact on Soviet politics. Lenin had created a highly centralised government and had banned all other political parties. He has also banned members of the party from opposing the party leadership through the 1921 ban on factions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin then switched alliances, collaborating with Bukharin to defeat Zinoviev and Kamenev. Stalin ensured that the 1927 Party Congress was filled with his supporters, while Bukharin gave excellent speeches explaining why Zinoviev and Kamenev's policies were wrong. For this reason, Zinoviev and Kamenev were expelled from the party. Finally, Stalin turned on Bukharin. He rejected the NEP and used his support in the party to enforce collectivisation in Russia. In 1929 Bukharin was expelled from the politburo. Stalin used alliances to achieve power because they allowed him to pick off his opponents in turn rather than dealing with all of them at once. In conclusion, Stalin became leader of Soviet Russia through a combination of institutional, ideological, historical and tactical factors. However, the most important factor was institutional. Stalin's roles within the party gave him great influence and allowed him to capitalise on the ideological debates and the structure of the party that Lenin had left behind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    All media was totally controlled by the State. * Great efforts were put into controlling what people could read and see, to ensure it conformed to the wishes of the Party. Of course, when the wishes of the Party changed, then this caused some problems. * From 1935 onwards a great effort was made to portray Stalin as close to the people.

  2. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the Soviet Union ...

    However when the New Economic Policy was not successful Stalin decided to turn against it and therefore Stalin always adopted policies which were broadly approved by the majority of Communist party in relation to the economic climate which helped further his cause by gathering him more support.

  1. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    However at the end, the Red Guard kept the rifles given to them by Kerensky. The support for the Bolsheviks was now very high, as they were seen as the saviors of Petrograd. The popularity of the Bolsheviks was growing while the Provisional governments were decreasing.

  2. Why did Stalin, Rather than Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR in 1929

    Trotsky did not want to take any action which he thought would damage the party and so was not willing to form an opposition to Stalin or use the Red Army to seize control. This meant that he would never be able to change his position to one of power.

  1. Why did Stalin and not Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR by ...

    Stalin, on the other hand, appeared neutral and pointed out, seemingly without bias, that Trotsky was, after all, just a newcomer to Party ranks. Stalin then proposed a plan of his own - Socialism in one Country. What this basically meant was that Russia should industrialise fully before embarking on a "Spread Communism to the World" policy.

  2. How did Stalin manage to secure power in Russia by 1929?

    system in the Soviet Union was likely to be defeated by capitalist countries. Even though they had joined Trotsky in the United Opposition to try and defeat Stalin, by this point it was considered too late. When Zinoviev and Kamenev eventually began attacking Stalin's policies, he argued they were creating

  1. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    Yet in 1929, the Rightists were in turn attacked, when Stalin removed his them, proving himself as the consummate player in this political chess game of power manipulation. 8 IV.A. Luck: The Nature of the infant Bolshevik State Unintentionally, the Party had assisted Stalin in assuming supremacy.

  2. Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Soviet Russia?

    chance of becoming leader of Soviet Russia; quite clearly, it worked and can therefore contribute to the reason as to why he did. He avoided taking any extreme positions on many of the diverse and complex issues, meaning the other contenders would have no reason to oppose him; by remaining

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work