• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Russia 1928-1929?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Russia 1928-1929? There were many reasons why Stalin became leader of the soviet Russia in 1928. The most important reason was the institutions that gave him power. However, ideological debates about the economy, the impact of Lenin on Soviet political life, and shifting alliances also played a part. One reason why Stalin emerged as leader was the political institutions that he headed. His roles within the part gave him the power to appoint, promote and sack party members. For example, as General Secretary, a role he was given in 1922, he had the power of patronage and could appoint people to prestigious jobs. He was also able to select who attended Party Congresses. Since Party Congresses were used to select the Central Committee, Stalin had a powerful influence over the leadership party. ...read more.


(in order to achieve this) -To this end he said that agriculture should be collectivised. This was unpopular with the peasants, as they wanted to have control of their own farms. Consequently, Trotsky and the Left opposition were unpopular in the party. In 1928 Stalin switched his allegiance to support collectivisation. This gained him a lot of support within the party because by this time the NEP was seen to be failing. The ideological debates were important to Stalin's rise to power because he was able to use them to gain popularity within the party. A third factor that explains Stalin's rise to power was Lenin's impact on Soviet politics. Lenin had created a highly centralised government and had banned all other political parties. He has also banned members of the party from opposing the party leadership through the 1921 ban on factions. ...read more.


Stalin then switched alliances, collaborating with Bukharin to defeat Zinoviev and Kamenev. Stalin ensured that the 1927 Party Congress was filled with his supporters, while Bukharin gave excellent speeches explaining why Zinoviev and Kamenev's policies were wrong. For this reason, Zinoviev and Kamenev were expelled from the party. Finally, Stalin turned on Bukharin. He rejected the NEP and used his support in the party to enforce collectivisation in Russia. In 1929 Bukharin was expelled from the politburo. Stalin used alliances to achieve power because they allowed him to pick off his opponents in turn rather than dealing with all of them at once. In conclusion, Stalin became leader of Soviet Russia through a combination of institutional, ideological, historical and tactical factors. However, the most important factor was institutional. Stalin's roles within the party gave him great influence and allowed him to capitalise on the ideological debates and the structure of the party that Lenin had left behind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Even some villages were connected to the electricity supply so they too could receive radio broadcasts and be kept in touch with what the Party wanted them to do and think. All media was totally controlled by the State.

  2. Assess the Impact Lenin Had On Russia and Its People Lenin was a great ...

    The Cheka became very brutal; anybody opposing the government was shot or sent to labour camps. Many people thought that it was even worse that in had been when the Tsar had been in charge. But Lenin had to use terror or else he would not have won the war;

  1. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the Soviet Union ...

    On the other hand it could be argued that Trotsky was himself responsible for his own downfall encompassing many weaknesses which made him unfit for the power struggle. His poor health was a major hindrance however in addition Trotsky did not approve of "drudgery of Politics" and as a result

  2. How far do you agree Communist ideology influenced Stalin's decision to implement Collectivisation in ...

    Regardless it is clear that Collectivisation much like industrialisation served as a tool to beat the opposition during Stalin's struggle for power. Chapter 5 "Cult of the individual" and Technocratic influences Collectivisation would not only help to win the battle for leadership within the party, but the battle for total control within the countryside by spreading the 'Cult of individuality.'

  1. How did Stalin manage to secure power in Russia by 1929?

    Trotsky's "Permanent Revolution" to work globally; there were two world systems in direct conflict, and with Russia's rebuilding of all aspects of society, it would be unreasonable use resources to spread Communism. Rather, they should concentrate on strengthening Russian society.

  2. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    Policy One luck aspect that was in Stalin's favor was the 1921 'ban upon factionalism,' a policy issued by Lenin in order to ban organized factions at the Tenth Party Congress which sprung up due to the Party's squabbling over the perplexities over the civil war, revival of capitalism through

  1. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of theUSSR in 1929?

    Through his policies, Stalin was able to help in his rise to power. He adapted his policies regularly to make sure that people would agree with him around that time. He also made sure that the majority of the party agreed with the policies he adopted.

  2. Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Soviet Russia?

    chance of becoming leader of Soviet Russia; quite clearly, it worked and can therefore contribute to the reason as to why he did. He avoided taking any extreme positions on many of the diverse and complex issues, meaning the other contenders would have no reason to oppose him; by remaining

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work