• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalin Emerge as Leader of Russia by 1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalin Emerge as Leader of Russia by 1929? On the 21st January 1924, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of Russia's socialist revolution, which resulted in the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as well as the first head of the Soviet state, died aged 54. The people of the newly established Soviet Union had been expecting with trepidation the demise of their great leader, aware that it would be difficult to replace a leader of the stature of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. Lenin's, fellow leaders of the Bolshevik party and other significant revolutionary figures engaged in intense discussion as to who would best succeed the Bolshevik head. Lenin had been very much the father figure of the formation of the Soviet Union, being an absolute leader in the extreme circumstances of winning the civil war which consolidated the revolutionary state. Through this success of securing the revolutions continued existence beyond its birth, Lenin was respected and highly popular. Therefore, as of 1924, there was a huge power struggle amongst those wanting to replace Lenin as leader of the nation that had been wracked by a post revolutionary civil war for so many years. ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky argued that a communist revolution in the USSR alone could not succeed because the working class in the USSR was far too small, and the economy was underdeveloped. It was therefore essential that the USSR be joined by other revolutionary states, there was great hopes that Germany would have a socialist revolution, and for a short time after the end of World War I it seemed possible that Germany would embark upon a revolutionary path, but this was repressed by the forces of the right wing in Germany, a major setback for the 'permanent revolution' outlook within the Bolsheviks, similarly the defeat of the revolution in the brief Hungarian socialist revolution of Bela Kun made many within the Bolsheviks see that perhaps a more realistic strategy would have to be developed to defend the USSR. Against this was the desire for Socialism in One Country, the policy put forward by Stalin at the end of 1924. This would mean concentrating on the development and defence of socialism within Russia alone. Stalin was keen on setting an example for other countries to follow and admire. Stalin argued against the idea that 'revolution could be exported' and suggested that revolutions in other countries do not occur when needed by the Bolsheviks, but happened, if at all, only when conditions were right within those states. ...read more.

Conclusion

He instead advocated rapid industrialisation as well as the use of force to make the peasants co-operate. Having advanced a strong defence of the NEP, Bukharin was easily outvoted in the congress of 1929, it having a majority of delegates who supported Stalin's position. Now the main figures of the right wing of the party, Bukharin, Tomsky, and Rykov were removed from the Politburo, giving Stalin and the group around him absolute sole command and power. Stalin had succeeded overall, mainly due to his key position as Secretary of the Party, being able to control the party's structures and procedures, and having control of all information. Stalin was able to be flexible with his policy positions, to be flexible in order to make alliances which would in turn defeat his rivals one by one. Within his own personality, he was easy to underestimate, with the appearance of being dull and unimaginative; he was in fact hard working, determined, and ruthless. Stalin was always underestimated by his opponents, and was able to surprise those standing in his way, with the ability to change his policies entirely in order to eliminate his opponents. Joseph Stalin was now in position to govern Russia, and would so from an era of 24 years, 1929 to his death in 1953. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why was it Stalin that won the leadership struggle by 1928 in the USSR?

    once he came to power - Stalin worked on their fears of Trotsky and built hatred inside of them reminding them that, as old party activist, they had more of a right than Trotsky to lead the Bolsheviks; they soon questioned his loyalty to the party and his opposition to

  2. UNIT 6: PAPER 6b: THE SOVIET UNION AFTER LENIN

    * It is important to note that some recent historians question just how much control Stalin had over the country. * They argue he was certainly at the centre of events, but that often the Centre was trying desperately to get local parties and members to follow the Party line.

  1. The Deer Hunter and Apocalypse Now

    Still though, this didn't give them the right to kill innocent civilians out of resentment. Colonel Killgore's role in the movie serves as a symbol of an unethical military officer in power. Killgore is the quintessential higher ranking official during the war who never fails to overstep his boundaries and bring certainty to the worries of the American public.

  2. How did Stalin Change Russia? Which of his Achievements did he truly make and ...

    Stalin's former opponent Trotsky was exiled and later assasinated Stalin commenced using the power of the communist State on the people, to transform the Soviet Union into his ideal. The government took over all major private businesses. He set up his Five Year Plans which made targets for workforce in

  1. Journalism - Two generations of the journalists - Soviet and the post-Soviet - make ...

    Definitions of profession The difference in the meanings of the term profession forces us to represent it in corresponding discourses: the western, the Soviet and post-Soviet ones. Although the western discourse itself embraces very different meanings of this term bringing those cultural and historical settings of the professions in that

  2. What are the complexities in 'complex emergencies'?

    The International Community is extremely adept at dealing with natural disasters such as floods or drought and has acted accordingly in the past. "Initially the model for relief efforts was based on those for natural disasters, with relief and development being seen as very separate issues3".

  1. To what extent can Stalins emergence as leader of Soviet Russia by the end ...

    The second of his political powerbases are those within the government. These included being the Commissar for Nationalities and the Commissar of Workers and Peasants Inspectorate. As the Commissar of Workers and Peasants Inspectorate Stalin was given the task of rooting out corruption amongst government workers.

  2. In the context of the period 1905-2005, how far do you agree that Khrushchev ...

    was derived from the exportation of grain and with state farms operating at a loss, an alternative was ?necessary.?[15] Yet the economic system was so entrenched in collectivisation, that no other alternative was deemed possible. Decentralisation and democratisation were proposed alternatives by Khrushchev.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work