• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalin promote the Purges in Russia in the 1930s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalin promote the Purges in Russia in the 1930s? The Purges were the cleansing out the Communist Party. This was a way for Stalin to keep the Party under control. The Purges lasted between 1934 and 1938. The first purge of the Communist Party took place in 1918 and there were purges following this throughout the 1930s. There were three phases in the purges of the 1930s. One of these was The Chistka when 20% of the Communist Party was non-violently expelled as part of the cleansing process. Another was the show trials, old Bolsheviks were publicly tried and executed. ...read more.

Middle

He was very distrustful and paranoid, and thought those around him would betray him. This was why his former comrades were killed rather then disgraced like they would've been under Lenin. Stalin's fascination with violence lead to The Great Terror carried out against party members and people who caused problems for him. He also felt insecure about his educational and peasant background. This made him suspicious of the intelligence of the Party. Stalin was also bitter when his wife committed suicide in 1932. This made him have lot of resentment towards people and increased his lack of trust for people. There were economic reasons for The Purges. ...read more.

Conclusion

He felt many Communist were untrustworthy and it was necessary to remove them. If people were disloyal to Stalin, they could be purged. Stalin had a desire for ideological control. He believed that he should use the ideas of Marxism to enforce terror to control Russia and impose Communism on Russia. Lenin did this and was adored by the public. This was Stalin's way of controlling Lenin's policies. In conclusion, Stalin's character and desire for ideological control were the two most important factors in the cause for The Purges. He had to enforce terror to get rid of his opponents and had to have full control in order to know every aspect of what was going on in Russia. His paranoia and resentment towards people made him want to purge even more people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The causes of the show trials and purges of the 1930’s

    This is a highly dispute idea, with many different historians having different ideas about whether Stalin or Trotsky was Lenin's choice as a successor. American historian Richard Pipes, a professor at the prestigious Harvard University, argues that Lenin would have chosen Stalin.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    Preference to students of a proletarian background was dropped in 1936. * In 1930 primary education for all for four years was introduced. This was later extended to seven years. There was a heavy emphasis on vocational training, and on science, technology and medicine.

  1. Were the 1930's the Devils Decade or The Dawn of Affluence?

    Finally the housing boom of the 1930's created more jobs and was employing 3/4 million men. The housing boom also created a multiplier effect, demand for glass, wood, cement, paint all rose due to the increase in house building. On the other hand consumer goods proved to be more profitable than all other new industries.

  2. The Purges

    The motives of the NKVD are not clear. It is possible that they thought or had been told that Stalin wanted Kirov murdered. Also, probably they did not want the terror to be relaxed unlike Kirov. The Great Purges 1000's of people, old Bolsheviks, Trotskyites, oppositions to Stalin were arrested.

  1. Soviet history - The Purge.

    Smirnov, a party member since 1896, for having advocated ideas similar to those of Riutin among a small number of old Bolshevik workers in Moscow. Both episodes illustrated that there were limits beyond which many normally pro-Stalin police officials and Politburo members still were not willing to go.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    [2] Prior to his death, Lenin suffered a stroke in March 1923 affecting his ability to speak.[3] This deficiency started the controversy as to who should be Lenin's successor. Many people were unsure as to who would continue to lead the government but there were two obvious choices that many

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work