• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Why did Stalin, rather than Trotsky, emerge as Lenin's successor?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Why did Stalin, rather than Trotsky, emerge as Lenin's successor?" The triumph of Communism in Russia was arguably down to one man - Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin). The takeover started in April1917 when Lenin released the 'April Theses' asking for the provisional government to step down. It was 6 months later though that any real progress came about as Lenin and the Bolsheviks formatted a new Soviet Government. It did not go as smoothly as the Bolsheviks had planned though because as soon as they had set up a government - they had a civil war to deal with. This war heavily influenced their policies as they had to contend with fighting the Whites who were heavily against a Communist Russia. The party was hardened and militarized but this was through no choice of their own. Russia at this time saw the Bolsheviks instigate extreme economic policies such as War Communism and implacable hostility developed towards the West. ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky was also heavily regarded in the party as it was him who was responsible for the Bolshevik's defeat of the Whites in the civil war. His drive and determination of the Red Army held him in very good stead in the party. However, he was quite an arrogant character and many Bolshevik members regarded him as an outsider as he had only joined the party in 1917 and had originally been a Menshevik. His loyalty was unquestionable however but this is the first sign of Stalin having an advantage over his main opposition - Trotsky. Ironically it was Trotsky's loyalty that led to him loosing the leadership battle as he passed up many opportunities to weaken Stalin's chances by not revealing some of the things he had done. One example was Lenin's secret testament which would have arguably ended Stalin's career. Luckily Stalin had allies within the Politburo - Zinoviev and Kamenev who suppressed the testament because it was also a threat to them. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was missing at Lenin's funeral but he remarked that he had been told the wrong date by Stalin. This may well have been true but this put Trotsky immediately down in the popularity contest as Lenin was extremely well respected and this lack of respect from Trotsky did not bode well. Stalin's 2 right hand men - Zinoviev and Kamenev continued to campaign against Trotsky but Trotsky was renowned for his orating skills and he did not give in. He rebuked the both of them by asking of their loyalty to Lenin after they had raised opposition against him in 1917. All the while - Stalin was gradually building up his support within the Politburo and replacing the old voters with his allies. However - Stalin's 2 right hand men became enemies when they called for a vote of no confidence in 1925. This resulted in Stalin expelling all three - Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky from their positions. From here - Stalin expelled all other members and became the new leader of the USSR. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    Too late Zinoviev and Kamenev attacked Stalin's new theory. By the middle of 1925 he had found new allies in Bukharin, Rykov, and Tomsky, who accepted "socialism in one country." Far from yet aspiring openly to individual power, Stalin chose to be regarded as a mediator, and he asserted that

  2. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the Soviet Union ...

    However when the New Economic Policy was not successful Stalin decided to turn against it and therefore Stalin always adopted policies which were broadly approved by the majority of Communist party in relation to the economic climate which helped further his cause by gathering him more support.

  1. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of theUSSR in 1929?

    alongside Lenin, even when he couldn't possibly be present in the situation. Although Stalin did experience luck with the time of Lenin's death, his personal characteristics and political skill ensured that he used this situation to his advantage. This greatly improved his reputation, especially in comparison with Trotsky's.

  2. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    He offended many people and disregarded many of the Mensheviks policies, as a result of this he lost their support. Poverty was then a big thing in Russia but Lenin ignored this fact, introducing The New Economic Policy. Trotsky paired up with Stalin and made it known how well they

  1. Why did Stalin, Rather than Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR in 1929

    For example, unlike Trotsky he was a very loyal member and had proletariat roots, and he was perceived by many to have no real reason to cause splits with in the party. Stalin was also perceived as dull and mediocre the 'grey blur' and so no one saw him as a real threat.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The impact of the terror on the Communist Party: January 1928: Approximately 1.25 million members of the Communist Party in the USSR. January 1933: Amount of members had risen to 3.5 million, mainly because the implementation of the Five Year Plans required more trusty administrators.

  1. Why did Stalin emerge as leader of Soviet Russia?

    Stalin knew that by questioning Trotsky's ideology as well as ensuring he was unable to master the power of the Party, he would eliminate all chances of him becoming leader, which would effectively lead to Stalin becoming the only real contender.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    socialist society, there would have to be a transitional period characterised by the ��dictatorship of the proletariat.�� Lenin adapted Marx�s teaching, and said that during this transitional period, dictatorial power would not be exercised by the proletariat as such but rather by an elite or ��vanguard�� party - the Bolshevik - acting on behalf of the proletariat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work