• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the 1898 reform movement fail?

  1. 1
  2. 2
  • Essay length: 1005 words
  • Submitted: 30/08/2003
Share this essay:
AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics

The first 200 words of this essay...


Why did the 1898 reform movement fail?

The 1898 reform movement lasted from June 11th to September 20th, 103 days of reform was headed by Kang Youwei. The reform included changes in the education, political administration, industry and international cultural exchange. Different historians have different views on why the rebellion failed. Hsu, Fairbank and Reishaner argue that the rebellion failed mainly because of the strategy used by the reformers and the movement was too radical to be accepted by everyone. Hsu focuses on the inexperience of the reformers compared to the power and the experience of the Empress Dowager who still had much influence and power in China. He also suggests that the powerful conservative opposition was a main factor in the failure of the reform movement. , Fairbank and Reishaner focus on how the Chinese were too traditional and strong against modernization for reform to succeed. Gray claims that saying that reform failed, because it tried to push radical reforms is far too simple an argument. He focuses more on how the reform wanted to do what had already been done in the Hunan by Zhang Zhidong. He claims that the 1898 reform

Read more
The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

  • "
    This site has allowed me to gain confidence in my work and obtain the best results, by using the submitted courseworks and essays as guidelines. I thank everyone who has participated in adding their work to it!!
    Sabreena, England. A Level Student. Biology and Chemistry.
  • "
    This website has been a major help to me--I don't know what I would have done without it. You can depend on Markedbyteachers.com for solid, dependable essays.
    Sabrina, Washington. IB English, History, Chemistry, Anthropology.

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.