• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the American forces withdraw from Vietnam in 1973? The Americans got involve in Vietnam because they didn't want communism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the American forces withdraw from Vietnam in 1973? The Americans got involve in Vietnam because they didn't want communism to dominate South East Asia as they promised to protect countries from communism due to the theory of containment. America was the strongest and richest democratic country at the time. Its military was also powerful as it had a big army and munitions. On the other hand, North Vietnam supported communism which was totally different to America. In the Vietnam War, the Americans used different military tactics, such as search and destroy and bombing raids. On the other hand, the Vietnamese uses guerrilla warfare. Guerrilla warfare was led by a leader in Vietnam called Ho Chi Minh who was experienced. Although America had lots of supplies and big army, Vietnam was not weak; it had supplies from the USSR and China, it also had Vietcong who are non-uniformed soldiers. This shows that the American didn't have a complete military advantage. These two countries were both not weak; as a result both sides struggled for 8 years in the war. America tried very hard for 8 years to defeat Vietnam, but it didn't seem effective. One of the reasons the Americans withdrew from Vietnam was because the Vietnamese had a very good tactics- guerrilla warfare, which was very hard to deal with, due to the following points: Firstly, the Vietcong has no uniform or headquarters, so this indicates the Americans wouldn't know how and where their enemy was. ...read more.

Middle

It was a search and destroy mission, but this time they kill innocent lives again as they received false information. They killed 400 innocent villagers but actually none of them were Vietcong. However, the whole group claimed that of the all the dead bodies were Vietcong. Everyone in the army treated the attack as a normal and inevitable part of the war. After a year, soldiers who have knew the truth for My Lai massacre have asked the Congress to investigate this incident. The media has published photographs of the My Lai massacre and the published were shocked. This incident was a cover up for the failure of almost all the attacks. This was the clearest incident that the war has gone wrong. It was also clear that search and destroy didn't work. The US force had received so much pressure from the public. Furthermore, the US force was absolutely fed up of the war that could never be won. They knew there was not point to struggle in this position, but, the US still could not withdraw yet. In 1968, the Tet Offensive proved to be an important turning point in the war. This was also one of the reasons which Americans withdrew. The Vietcong (N. Vietnamese) attacked over 100 cities and other military targets. ...read more.

Conclusion

First of all, Nixon negotiate with countries like the USSR and China, who were the suppliers, Nixon put pressure on both countries to persuade Vietnam to stop the war. Nixon played it cleverly as getting other countries to do the job rather than letting US leave making it looks like a defeat. Moreover, Kissinger, Nixon's advisor, also tried to improve relations with North Vietnam, he had regular meeting with North Vietnam. Besides negotiate with other counties, Nixon decided to cut down the amount of troops in South Vietnam and build up South Vietnamese forces. Moreover, to make sure US didn't appeal to be weak, Nixon increased bombing campaigns against N. Vietnam to show he was not weak and military pressure in the US. He spread the war to Laos and Cambodia and caused much public honour. This makes US looked strong and it wouldn't seem US withdrawal was caused by the fear of Vietcong. To summarise, there were lots of reasons responsible for the US withdrawal. Both sides manage to gain in this war but they also lost a lot. Nevertheless, the US didn't gain a lot as it killed innocent civilians in the war. Moreover, although the US killed a lot of Vietcong, the US never manage to kill the idea of communism. Personally, I think if the US left Vietnam to decide what kind of government it wants, then all these money and lives won't be sacrificed. Moreover, the spirit of communism would still be there even though US killed all Vietcongs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent can it be argued that the use of guerilla warfare tactics ...

    of a doubt that lack of morale was the main reason for US defeat but in my judgement the main cause for the lack of morale was the use of guerilla tactics. Another of America's major hurdles in their attempts to uphold a pro-Western government in S.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The appalling civilian casualties earned Israel world opprobrium. Morale plummeted among IDF officers and enlisted men, many of whom personally opposed the war. Meanwhile, the highly publicized plight of the Palestinian civilians garnered world attention for the Palestinian cause. Furthermore, Arafat was negotiating, albeit through intermediaries, with Ambassador Habib and other United States officials.

  1. In why the United States withdrew its' forces in 1973

    The newborn children had deformed limbs or could not see. The photograph of the naked Vietnamese girl covered in burning napalm was broadcast to thousands of Americans, just as were the harrowing images of Agent Orange. People were also aware of the huge cost of the war, which took vital money away from much needed health and housing reforms.

  2. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    During a speech from Johnson, people started chanting "Hey, hey, LBJ, How many kids did you kill today". Television highly influenced the civilians. In 1975Marshall McLuhan stated; "Television brought the brutality of war into the comfort of the living room.

  1. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    The My Lai massacre divided public opinion; the massacre confirmed the feeling, growing since the Tet Offensive of 1968, that the Vietnam War was now a war that America couldn't win. The guerrilla warfare wore U.S soldiers down, they knew hat by having more ambushes and booby traps, they could break their will to fight.

  2. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    It was an extremely simple weapon to which anybody could be trained on (good news for the VC- they could recruit anyone and train them on this rifle, even a child; resulting in the Americans not being able to tell exactly who they were fighting and giving the VC that edge).

  1. Why did military tactics cause USA to withdraw from Vietnam?

    To solve the problem of Vietcong hiding in the forests, the American airforce began 'Operation Ranch Hand'. This was a series of chemical warfare attacks in which defoliants were used to strip leaves away from the forests, exposing the Vietcong.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The Guerrilla tactics quickly sapped the moral of the American soldiers, many of them raw recruits who had just left school. The majority of US troops sent to Vietnam were conscripts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work