Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2

Why did the Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917 succeed

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Why were the Bolsheviks the ultimate victors in the events of 1917 ? The Bolsheviks were successful in coming to power in the end of the 1917 revolution for a number of reasons, which all contributed to one another to result in the Bolsheviks coming to power in 1917. These factors include the weakness of the provisional government, the brilliance of Lenin as a public speaker, effective and successful propaganda, the strong and obedient private army of the Bolsheviks, the Red Guards, well led by Trotsky and the excellent organisation of the Bolshevik party. The weakness of the provisional government, with it's infighting and lack of cohesion between different parties, who although had relatively minor differences, all had the same main objective of turning Russia into a liberal democracy, was an important factor in the Bolsheviks successfully coming to power.

Middle

Similarly, slogans such as 'Peace, Bread, Land' were also extremely effective in gaining support as, these were the three things that working class people needed most yet did not all have. Therefore in promising these essential things, the Bolsheviks gained their support. The simplicity of slogans such as these, which enabled the working class to easily understand them was also important in getting support. Similarly, Lenin's ability as a brilliant public speaker was also indispensable in gaining widespread support, among people who heard him speak, especially the working class. His ability to inspire people in this way was crucial in gaining support for the Bolshevik organisation. German money, which was invested in the Bolsheviks in order to destabilise Russia, Germany's opponent on the eastern front of the first world war, was an important factor in the Bolsheviks gaining power in 1917.

Conclusion

Membership grew to 2 million in 3 months. Unlike the Provisional Government, the Bolsheviks demanded total obedience from their members, so they were well-disciplined (members did what the leaders wanted). This allowed the Bolsheviks to co-ordinate their members into effective protests and opposition to the provisional government. The fact that the Bolsheviks had the widespread support of people in industrial cities and cities including the two major centres, Petrograd and Moscow, meant that they had a lot of influence in the major seats of power, which was crucial in them coming to power, as they would ultimately not have been able to assume and maintain command had they not had this strong backing from the proletariat workers. In conclusion, all of the above factors contributed to the Bolsheviks coming to power in 1917, and subsequently allowed them to govern effectively, mainly with the support of the people of the working class in the large cities and towns.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    continue the war to continue because if the disbanded soldiers came back they would have either joined the Petrograd Soviets or the Bolsheviks making the Provisional Government position ever weaker. The Provisional Government also sought the War as a way in which to receive support from the Russian public, which became known as the June Offensive.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    them and foreign troops who were angry at Russia pulling out of the war and determined to stop the spread of Communism. The Bolsheviks literally faced enemies on all sides. There is no doubt that the problems faced by the Bolsheviks were very serious and posed a real threat to their survival during the revolutionary period.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    as a mechanism for achieving specific limited material goals, rather than the restructuring of the whole of society. These goals differed from group to group, and as in any complex society there were many groups, each hoping to swing public policy in a direction favourable to its own interests.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    His party's reaction suggests they did not have complete faith in him as a leader. However, Potresov, one of Lenin's contemporaries states differently when describing Lenin. " A man of iron will and indomitable energy, capable of instilling fanatical faith in the movement and the cause, and possessed of equal faith in himself."

  1. The Bolshevik Revolution In October-November 1917

    Fortunately for Lenin events now started to work in the Bolsheviks favour. In the Autumn of 1917 they had a second chance to take power using Lenin's oratory skills and personality, which was highly persuasive and determined. From a young age, after his brothers execution, he said he wanted to be a professional revolutionary to revenge his brother's death.

  2. Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change. Using your knowledge of the ...

    Lenin said that if the Bolsheviks gained power, then he would provide "Peace, land and bread". This single phrase offered something that would make everyone happy. He promised peace, an end to the war, which was something that the majority of Russians wanted.

  1. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    For this reason the working class were happy to self-sacrifice in order for the Bolsheviks to be built up and the overthrow the government. This was important as it gave the Bolshevik party mass support, a class to aim at but also use, for fighting if neccesary, to get what they wanted.

  2. The Bolshevik revolution

    were able to gain a majority of in both the Petrograd and Moscow soviets by October 1917. The Provisional Government became increasingly separate from mainstream society, because it continued the war and misread the mood of the people who "said that all the party had managed to do during its term of office was put up tram fares.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.