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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War.

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Introduction

History Coursework Question: Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War. Evacuation is when people leave a building or place because of safety issues. In the Second World War evacuation took place when people were sent to safer places because the cities and towns they lived in were being bombed or bombing was to be expected. These people were all women or children as men were fighting or helping in some way with the war effort. 47% of school children and their mothers were evacuated and there were also numerous children under school age or that travelled without parents that are not accounted for. Some elderly people who were unable to help moved out of the big cities but this was not an evacuation effort made by the government; it was solely their choice. They were sent away to be safe. If they lived in big industrial towns like London where 241,000 people, mostly children, were evacuated mainly to Lancashire and Sussex. Children were also evacuated from Merseyside and Portsmouth because they were main ports. ...read more.

Middle

Also it was to far for the German bombers to reach. Evacuation was the only solution the government could think of to ensure the safety of the children during the war. The government had to ensure the safety to avoid further criticisms from their own country. Leading up to the war the British government and other members of the League of Nations made a few mistakes that could have saved the war from ever happening. The League of Nations was set up after World War One; it was used to keep the peace in Europe. It was part of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points but America never joined the League because of a new leadership that did not want to be involved in Europe's problems. Also Russia was not allowed in the League because they were communists and couldn't be trusted, it was a failure from the start as it didn't involve the two major international powers at that time. This became apparent when Japan invaded Manchuria in China. Japan took this opportunity as China was weak and split by Civil war, and Manchuria was rich in iron and coal. It was just the boost Japan needed after they lost so much in the crash of international stock markets. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude I think the British government decided to evacuate because they predicted that this war might involve more fighting on the home front. With more planes in use it would be easier to bring the war over to Britain and more civilians would be injured. As this was a risk, by evacuating to towns less likely to be bombed they would reduce the death rate. They chose children for evacuation because the parents involved in the war effort would be able to concentrate and wouldn't have to worry about the safety of their child. Also children are the next generation and if they were killed there would be no one to pick up the pieces after the war and in years to come. The fact that the League had failed and it was foreseeable that a war was imminent meant that evacuation could happen early on because they had time to prepare when they saw the League crumble. Also a final reason was that, in my opinion, the government was trying to sweeten the British people because they were partly responsible for the war. Hitler was able to get what ever he wanted because they used a policy of appeasement. The failure of the policy placed the population of Britain in danger. Evacuation was a way of trying to make up for previous policy failure. ...read more.

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