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Why did the Chinese Communist Party defeat the Guomindang?

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Introduction

Why did the Chinese Communist Party defeat the Guomindang In 1945 the last phase of the civil war was fought out in China between the Guomindang (GMD) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP); these two groups had, in the past worked together so why did the war break out? And how; four years later in 1949 did an out manned and out armed resistance group defeat a mighty army with the largest world power of the time behind them? Those are the questions I will answer. Years before, in 1911 China had a revolution. When a band of rebels overthrew the emperor and set up "The republic of China". Although Sun Yat-Sen was key to the revolution an army commander called Yuan Shih-Kai was put in charge of China. China soon dissolved into Chaos, warlords were exploiting peasants and conditions were no better than under the emperor. The GMD had established themselves during this time and in 1919 the CCP was also formed. The two groups began to work to together to drive out the warlords. The group also worked together to drive out the Japanese who had invaded the Manchuria province in 1915. ...read more.

Middle

The Red Army wasn't only about fighting; they gave the troops political and philosophical training so they knew what they were fighting for. Besides work the leaders made sure the troops had recreational activities and they regularly broadcast victories to keep morale high. These policies built up a network of trust and support, which was crucial for the guerrilla tactics employed by the army. The guerrilla tactics were explained thus, "When the enemy advances, we retreat When the enemy camps, we harass When the enemy tires, we attack When the enemy retreats, we pursue" In contrast the GMD's army was conscripted, abused and malnourished. Although they had more men and weapons they didn't have spirit or a belief in what they were fighting for. The Red Army on its own was not a direct cause for the communist victory but it worked with other reasons such as the Long March, Peasant support and Leadership. The peasant support for the Red Army and its cause was created by the attitudes of its members. Mao Ze-Dong enforced in his members that "The peasants were the key to the revolution" as such they were treated with great respect. ...read more.

Conclusion

He claimed to hate foreigners yet took money off of them. These reasons meant he wasn't very well respected among his followers and others. Shek was a proud man and thus was intolerant of opposition; he often used murder as a final argument. The two leaders were different nut it was their policies that made the revolution. This cause was influenced by all the other reasons. I think that the Chinese Communist Party defeated the Guomindang because of their leader Mao Ze-Dong. Mao led them on the Long March and taught them guerrilla warfare he encouraged the Red Army's routine of work and play and also its respectful attitudes towards the peasants. Mao understood the importance of peasant support and because the peasantry made up 80% of China's population this made him become in the part the voice of the peasants, driving the Japanese out of China and redistributing the land among them. Mao inspired most people into believing anything was possible. When the civil war ended the GMD were driven back to the island of Taiwan and on the 1st October 1949 Mao was proclaimed leaser of "The people's republic of China". After all the adversity the people had finally "won". Katrina Barnard Why did the CCP defeat the GMD? Candidate number: 6019 Center name: Islington Green School Center number: 10326 ...read more.

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