• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930s? Page: 254 Questions: 1 and 2 1) Which of the weaknesses in the League of Nations do you think was the most important factor in: a) the Manchurian crisis b) the failure of disarmament c) the Abyssinian crisis? Because the USA, the USSR and other world powers were not members of the League, any actions that the League took to try and force Japan to stop the invasion, were ineffective because the League had neither the resources nor influence to force Japan out of Manchuria. Only the USA or USSR had the power to do so, and they were not members of the League. Economic sanctions imposed by the League on Japan were virtually useless as the USA was Japan's main trading partner, and did not take part in the sanctions. Also, the League lacked the authority to enforce the decision made by its Assembly and the Council. With the backing of the USA and USSR, the League may have had the strength to force Japan to stop the invasion of Manchuria. There were many factors involved in the failure of disarmament. ...read more.

Middle

There was also concern that sanctions would damage the member countries' economy. The British cabinet was informed that 30,000 coal miners stood to lose their jobs because of a ban on coal exports to Italy. The League delayed the decision to ban oil sales to Italy for two months, which gave Mussolini eight weeks to build up his stockpile of raw materials. When the ban finally was put in place, it was too late, and to make matters worse, the Americans increased their exports to Italy during the League's blockade. Another crucial element of the League's failure, was the selfish actions of leading members of the League and their conservative actions. Britain and France both owned the Suez Canal, the main shipping route for supply ships to Mussolini in Abyssinia. Closure of the Canal would have cut off Mussolini from all support and ended the troubles very quickly. However, both countries were worried that doing so would have resulted in war with Italy. Equally damaging was the double dealing of Britain and France behind the scenes. In December 1935, while sanctions were being discusses, the Hoare Laval Pact was formed with Italy between Britain and France. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once again the League deliberated over what action to take, allowing Mussolini to strengthen his position in Abyssinia. The League had no army to combat Italy, and its members were reluctant to help. Then, in 1936 Hitler marched his troops in to the Rhineland, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles, timing it with Mussolini in Italy. Later that year, the fatal blow to the League was delivered when Hitler and Mussolini signed the Rome-Berlin Axis, thus uniting Italy and Germany. During the 1920s, Europe was rebuilding itself after the ruins of the First World War; there were no countries in a position to fight a war. However, after the World Depression had ended, most countries in Europe had a strong enough economy to fight a war, and with the failure of disarmament and the League proving ever more futile, the relations between European countries became very fragile. Because of these reasons, I believe the League faced greater challenges during the 1930s because there was a very real possibility of war whereas during the 1920s, with the horrors of the First World War just past, war was unthinkable. However, with the state of invasions, alliances and relations in Europe and the world during the 1930s the League had to tread very carefully in order to avoid war. Matt Lewin 4SLW Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the League of Nations fail?

    5 star(s)

    to feed itself. As trade collapsed, Japan had little choice but to take Manchuria. It used the pretext of a suggested Chinese sabotage attempt on the Japanese stretch of the Trans-Siberian railway near Mukden to invade an area of the country caught in internal conflicts between the Mao Tse-Tung led Communists and the Nationalist forces under Chiang Kai-Shek.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    But the French statesmen, who regarded France as the heart of the anti-German coalition, to move to Africa appeared absurd and Churchillian rhetoric a counsel of despair. with the fall of France, they were firmly convinced, the war would be over.

  1. The failure of The League of Nations to prevent aggression in Manchuria and Abyssinia ...

    There when Chamberlain and Hitler met again Hitler pretended to go to war. In desperation another meeting was called and an agreement was made to hand over all the Sudetenland to Germany. However, Czechoslovakia was weekend by this and 6 months later in March 1939 Hitler took the rest of Czechoslovakia.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    acts and organizations.[36] The newly drafted decree stated, "1 - The investigating authorities are instructed to expedite cases of those accused of planning or carrying out terrorist acts. 2 - Judicial bodies are instructed not to delay carrying out death sentences involved in crimes of this category on the assumption

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    With this the Italians then fully invaded Abyssinia and the league do nothing to stop it as the two main powers didn't want too provoke the Italians. So basically it was because Britain and France were too worried about what might happen to them if Italy wasn't on their side.

  2. Why would there have been a lot of support in Britain for the League ...

    This links to why Article X was partly in Britain's interest; if all member states of the League agreed to Article X, less of the responsibility would fall on Britain to protect weak countries, thereby resulting in less British fatalities and less strain on the economy.

  1. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    * The Nazis realized early before the Olympic Games, which were to be held in Berlin in 1936, that they could use this as an opportunity to showcase Nazi Germany to the rest of the world - to show its "culture of achievements and abilities".

  2. Britains attempts to appease Mussolini in the 1930s were successful Explain why you agree ...

    Britain?s condemnation of Mussolini and the sanctions made him disgruntled and dissatisfied. These sanctions were an example of complete failure, as it achieved nothing at all. It was half hearted and it angered Mussolini at the same time, which pushed him into the arms of Germany, resulting in nothing being achieved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work