• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Why did the nationalists lose the civil war?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Why did the nationalists loose the civil war?" Before the creation of the Chinese communist party and reorganisation of the nationalist government, China was under warlord control. China in 1919 was at the primitive age and no real Chinese government was established. The years to come until 1949 were crucial in Chinese history. These years were the result for why Chiang's nationalist government, the GMD was defeated and how Communism under Mao Zedong was set up in China as the only single party state. On the 4th of May 1919, a movement occurred in China, this movement gave direction to radicals searching for a regeneration and re-organising the GMD. There were protests in china as the Chinese were realising that the country was being divided out into western and foreign powers. Each warlord in China who had control over a territorial part dealt with foreign countries. This movement created hate towards the warlords and something must have been done. One political leader at this time was Sun Yatzen. He wanted to fight the warlords but he needed help from other countries in order to achieve it. To his disadvantage no one accepted but The soviet union. They would help on one condition, that communist party members were allowed to join in the movement. ...read more.

Middle

It was a threat from Japan, whom wanted to colonise China. On September 1931, Japan attacked china crushing every thing on its way. Chiang was held responsible for it he had presumably told the Army being attacked not to fight back and retreat. Chiang wanted to wipe out the CCP off the map before any war with Japan, but it was not possible. In the mean time Mao asked Chiang to join forces with the GMD to fight the Japanese, but Chiang refused. Chiang's officers were not happy with him as they wanted to fight Japan and unite for another united front with the CCP. On December 1936. Chiang was kidnapped by his 2nd officer as an act of revolt, he wanted to fight Japan and unite with the CCP. After the liberation of Chiang, he agreed to join with the CCP. Chiang and his wife appealed for world support, asking other countries to help China who were in complete crisis. Meanwhile, Japan was advancing. In 1937, Japan butchered more than 200,000 people. This was known as the rape of Nanking. In 1938, as a hope to stop the Japanese, Chiang broke the yellow river dams to flood some parts of the territory to stop the Japanese, but this act failed. As a result, thousands were made homeless and more than 100,000 people died; the Japanese continued. ...read more.

Conclusion

It could be argued that the CCP in way was lucky with the way the events took place during 1919-49. For example after the long march, the GMD could have beaten the CCP if it wasn't for the Japanese attacking. Because of that they had to unite and fight the Japanese together. Otherwise, as the CCP only had 6-7,000 man left, they would have lost against the Nationalists. Another example could have been that if there hadn't been so much corruption within the Nationalists, the people living in the cities and in the country side could have been taken care of and could have had better conditions to live and work in and therefore this would have created more support for the GMD. On the other hand, the change of tactics which Mao Zedong did, when he attacked the cities while the GMD armies were out in the north was the most painful event during the civil war. After those attacks, the CCP had Northern China in their hands and it was nearly impossible to stop the communists. After seeing there was no hope to win against the Communists, Chiang resigned and fled to Taiwan. In the end, in 1949, The People's Republic of China was declared, and China became a single party state; a communist state. Raphael Pujol ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the South lose the American Civil War?

    Both were extremely unpopular. In direct contrast to this, the North had gold reserves and land assets, which helped them to finance the war, but they still found paying for it difficult and so both sides issued paper money. It soon lost its value and so inflation rates were high, but again the South

  2. Why did the Communists win in 1949?

    It has proclaimed to the world that the Red Army is an army of heroes, while the imperialists and their running dogs, Chinag Kai-shek and his like, are impotent. It has proclaimed their utter failure to encircle, pursue, obstruct and intercept us...

  1. Explain why the CCP were able to take power in 1949

    the best leader for the job, because he seemed to care for each and every communist around him. He became Chairman Mao in January 1935, but complete control for him came in '42. Also, now the CCP had spread the word of communism all around China; Mao described the Long March as a 'seeding machine'.

  2. During this piece of coursework I shall look at how China has changed since ...

    In an attempt to show the people how well the C.C.P were doing they gave out food like mad they were making plenty however that year China had some of the worst weather ever. Many crops were destroyed and twenty million people starved to death.This spelt the end for the

  1. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    They thought that maybe America would back out as it would be breaking the countries moral and would make sure that they would not enter the war in Europe; this would have been an excellent tactic if it did not backfire.

  2. History of the United States

    In 1954 a long and dramatic series of congressional hearings, the first to be nationally televised, destroyed McCarthy's credibility. He was censured by the Senate, and a measure of national stability returned. The Eisenhower Years Eisenhower declared himself uninterested in repealing the New Deal, but he was socially and economically conservative and his presidency saw the enactment of few reforms.

  1. "Chiang Kai Shek and the KMT had more money, weapons and outside help than ...

    This works by using special attacks to avoid a front on battle these included stealth approaches, night raids and timed attacks.

  2. Why did the South lose the Civil War?

    Most shipping was carried out in Northern vessels, and the South had few shipyards, and only one machine shop capable of building an engine for a respectable warship. However, the ingenuity of many Southern officers compensated somewhat for her material disadvantages.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work