• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the reforms introduced by Nicholas II after the 1905 Revolutions not prevent a revolution in Russia in February 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the reforms introduced by Nicholas II after the 1905 Revolutions not prevent a revolution in Russia in February 1917? After the 1905 Revolution, even though Tsar Nicholas II introduced the October Manifesto on the advice of Sergei Witte, he did so half-heartedly and without sincerity. In the manifesto, he pledged civil liberties such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom to form political parties. He also promised a duma with universal male suffrage. What followed, however, was a reversal of attitude. The secret police remained at large, freedom of speech was still heavily regulated and the duma had a very limited franchise (the socialists did not even participate). ...read more.


Stolypin may have seemed reforming but he was hugely in favor of the Tsarist system. Such were his repressive policies that the hangman's noose became known as Stolypin's necktie. Such repression was bound to boil over into revolution eventually. Thus, before 1914, the policies of Nicholas II had only limited effectiveness. However, it can not be said that the Tsarist system was in danger of collapsing. However, when World War I started, all of this changed. The Russian army was facing defeat after defeat and Nicholas went on to the frontier to command his forces personally, leaving the capital in the hands of the Tsarina and Rasputin. ...read more.


The administration of the Tsar was blamed. These food shortages were to release the violence aimed at the Monarchy. There were nationwide strikes and rioting which led to industrial output reaching a standstill. As the economy crumbled, a smouldering duma became determined to take charge and abolish the monarchy. To conclude, in the 1905 Revolution, the people did not want to overthrow the Tsar, they simply wanted reforms. Had these been given to them sincerely and acted upon, the February Revolution 1917 would most definitely have been avoided. Despite all the previous repressions, the people were still prepared to have Nicholas II as their father figure. However, the utter contempt with which he treated the Dumas and the way he went back on his word was what convinced the people that revolution was the only way out. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * The burden of taxation was again placed on the collective farms and procurement levels of grain and livestock were increased by 50%. * Strict state control over agricultural affairs can be seen in Stalin's 'plan for the transformation of nature' introduced by decree in October 1948.

  2. Why did Tsarism survive the 1905 revolution but not the 1917?

    network, Lenin and other revolutionary ideas floated to the remotest of villages. Everybody now knew Lenin's socialist party and was suitably impressed by the works in "Pravda", their magazine. The universities were also given more freedom than before. By the October Manifesto, 1905, the Tsar promised more political power in the hands of the people through a national duma.

  1. To what extent was Tsar Nicholas II saved by making concessions in the 1905 ...

    On one hand, the liberals 'were mainly interested in political reforms' and they felt like they had got what they wanted out of the October Manifesto, and so urged support for the Tsar. On the other hand, the socialists and their followers 'wanted to push on to a social revolution'.

  2. Describe the Russia that Tsar Nicholas II inherited

    Furthermore, his tutor Pobedonostsev influenced Nicholas, and reinforced the concept of autocracy and ruling by divine right. He proposed that as Tsar you had to be infallible - however, to modernise and give up some power, he would be making concessions, and this was seen as a weakness.

  1. To what extent was Nicholas II responsible for the outbreak of the revolution in ...

    and Rasputin (a peasant occultist and womaniser). Both of them were evidently not considered to be in the best interests of the Russian people. This caused further unrest and dissatisfaction among Russia regarding the Tsar and his ?accomplices? who were ruling them for that time period.

  2. Compare and Contrast the February and October Revolutions in Russia.

    Since throughout Russia?s history, Russia had always relied on tzars to make the political decisions, this new type of democracy led to no good. The Provisional Government was extremely weak and easy to overthrow. In the end, this did take place when the Bolsheviks took over the government in October of 1917.

  1. Why did revolution in Russia succeed in February 1917 and not in 1905? (30 ...

    The enormous casualties from 1914-17 of almost two million, much greater than those of the Russo-Japanese War, also worked to rapidly diminish support for the Tsar. The defection of the army in February 1917, a culmination of such discontent and disillusionment, meant that the Tsar had no coercive weapon by which to stifle revolution.

  2. Assess the View that Nicholas II survived the Revolution of 1905 mainly because of ...

    The opponents to the Tsar politically were of course the Left-Wing Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries (SR?s) and at that time before the split the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (A combination of the Mensheviks & Bolsheviks) even the Kadets wanted a more democratic society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work