• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the reforms introduced by Nicholas II after the 1905 Revolutions not prevent a revolution in Russia in February 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the reforms introduced by Nicholas II after the 1905 Revolutions not prevent a revolution in Russia in February 1917? After the 1905 Revolution, even though Tsar Nicholas II introduced the October Manifesto on the advice of Sergei Witte, he did so half-heartedly and without sincerity. In the manifesto, he pledged civil liberties such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom to form political parties. He also promised a duma with universal male suffrage. What followed, however, was a reversal of attitude. The secret police remained at large, freedom of speech was still heavily regulated and the duma had a very limited franchise (the socialists did not even participate). ...read more.

Middle

Stolypin may have seemed reforming but he was hugely in favor of the Tsarist system. Such were his repressive policies that the hangman's noose became known as Stolypin's necktie. Such repression was bound to boil over into revolution eventually. Thus, before 1914, the policies of Nicholas II had only limited effectiveness. However, it can not be said that the Tsarist system was in danger of collapsing. However, when World War I started, all of this changed. The Russian army was facing defeat after defeat and Nicholas went on to the frontier to command his forces personally, leaving the capital in the hands of the Tsarina and Rasputin. ...read more.

Conclusion

The administration of the Tsar was blamed. These food shortages were to release the violence aimed at the Monarchy. There were nationwide strikes and rioting which led to industrial output reaching a standstill. As the economy crumbled, a smouldering duma became determined to take charge and abolish the monarchy. To conclude, in the 1905 Revolution, the people did not want to overthrow the Tsar, they simply wanted reforms. Had these been given to them sincerely and acted upon, the February Revolution 1917 would most definitely have been avoided. Despite all the previous repressions, the people were still prepared to have Nicholas II as their father figure. However, the utter contempt with which he treated the Dumas and the way he went back on his word was what convinced the people that revolution was the only way out. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * The Allies had delayed invading France until 1944. * This made Stalin very suspicious of the West. He believed that they had wanted the Soviet Union to destroy itself fighting Germany on its own. * Stalin was also suspicious of Soviet soldiers who had surrendered.

  2. To what extent was Tsar Nicholas II saved by making concessions in the 1905 ...

    On one hand, the liberals 'were mainly interested in political reforms' and they felt like they had got what they wanted out of the October Manifesto, and so urged support for the Tsar. On the other hand, the socialists and their followers 'wanted to push on to a social revolution'.

  1. How did Tsar survive the 1905 revolution?

    With the exception of Lev Trotsky who was one of ringleaders in the siege of headquarters of the St Petersburg soviet, none of the revolutionaries actually played a significant part, which could be used to back up the idea that the events of 1905 coupe not in reality be classed as a revolution.

  2. Why Were There Two Revolutions in Russia in 1917?

    Strikes and riots soon spread across the city. Nicholas refused to listen to the demands of the workers, and instead sent the army to stem the riots and strikes. However, on 27 February, the soldiers too began to protest and joined the workers. On the same day, the tsar closed his government and the Duma (state parliament), but a group of the Duma continued to meet illegally.

  1. Compare and Contrast the February and October Revolutions in Russia.

    Since throughout Russia?s history, Russia had always relied on tzars to make the political decisions, this new type of democracy led to no good. The Provisional Government was extremely weak and easy to overthrow. In the end, this did take place when the Bolsheviks took over the government in October of 1917.

  2. To what extent was Nicholas II responsible for the outbreak of the revolution in ...

    Although, Russia was failing to achieve much success in the war, after his involvement all the blame went on to him as he had taken responsibility of the war. Along with this, he left Russia in the hands of the Tsarina (of German blood)

  1. Assess the View that Nicholas II survived the Revolution of 1905 mainly because of ...

    The opponents to the Tsar politically were of course the Left-Wing Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries (SR?s) and at that time before the split the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (A combination of the Mensheviks & Bolsheviks) even the Kadets wanted a more democratic society.

  2. Why did revolution in Russia succeed in February 1917 and not in 1905? (30 ...

    The enormous casualties from 1914-17 of almost two million, much greater than those of the Russo-Japanese War, also worked to rapidly diminish support for the Tsar. The defection of the army in February 1917, a culmination of such discontent and disillusionment, meant that the Tsar had no coercive weapon by which to stifle revolution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work