• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Tsarist regime collapse in 1917?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Why did the tsarist regime collapse in 1917? Although the Romanovs autocratic regime had been extremely unpopular with the masses for years, it had always managed to survive most seemingly decisive events (see 1905 revolution for example). However one Russian became involved with World War One it became clear that the war was indeed the event that pushed Russia over the edge and was the catalyst for the future 1917 socialist revolution. One reason is that the First World War highlighted the deficiencies of Nicholas as a leader. One piece of evidence is the fact that Nicholas decided to lead from the front line in the face of a waning war effort, this was a particularly idiotic move as all it did was arm his opponents as now any difficulties with the war could now be directly attributed to him. ...read more.


This was bad as it highlighted the fact that Nicholas did not have the leadership characteristics to lead a country, especially during a time of war. This was crucial as the tsarist regime had only survived in 1905 due to the support of the army and without the support of the army the regime would surely fall. Another reason is that World War one highlighted the failure of Russia to become a modern industrialised nation. An example of this would be the fact that Russia suffered a extreme equipment deficiency, this can be attributed to many reasons. The first is that for a country the size of Russia?s they had a far to primitive transport system, and when this had been rendered incapacitated by the German army there was trouble in getting equipment to where it was needed. ...read more.


However it was only the next problems of world war one which caused them to be pushed over the top. This was the ineptitude of those up top in organising food and equipment for the war effort caused widespread shortages in most major cities within Russia (see Petrograd/St Petersburg/Leningrad circa 1914 for example).This was as bread rationing was introduced due to a lack of supplies for the frontline, also there was a lack of oil and gas within most Russian cities. This would eventually lead to riots in 1917 as angry citizens and now disloyal army members took to the streets (shouting phrases such as ?Down with the German woman! Down with Protopopov! Down with the war! Down with the Tsar?) due to a lack of most supplies. This was one of the crucial tipping points within the relations between the autocracy and the people. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    Before the war, there were worker protests about wages and working hours. The peasants were also already annoyed at the Tsar because of the land problems. They had to make redemption payments each year because they didn't own the land they were growing things on. They wanted their own land.

  2. How stable was the tsarist regime in Russia on the eve of the First ...

    Riots erupted as the landless peasants had been wakened out of inertia by the events of 1905. Hunger was too common because grain production fluctuated and distribution was hampered by the limited transport system. The record harvest of 1913 was mere flash in the pan.

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Hitler was portrayed as wise, and imperious. Nude women were often painted to show perfect specimens. Hitler thought true art should be art of the masses in relative taste and in reaching mass audiences which would make propaganda more effective. The state was involved in its content and how it spread.

  2. How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of ...

    This, combined with the effects or war, which generally brings people together, caused them to unite and call for his abdication, representing the built up of tensions that had been growing since Alexander III's counter reforms. If you combine the effects of both the impact of 1906-14 and the role

  1. Free essay

    What Were the Causes of the 1905 Revolution? Why did the Revolution Fail to ...

    Indeed, his powers were absolute. Another factor I believe contributed to the first revolution was the weakness of Nicholas II as a ruler. Nicholas II became Tsar, Grand-Duke of Poland and Finland in 1894 at the age of twenty-six; and so immediately had unbelievable amounts of responsibility forced upon him.

  2. How far was the First World War responsible for the downfall of the Romanovs ...

    as a result Hunger and Famine were a constant reality of for Russian people during the war. Furthermore transport broke down under stress war and caused major food shortages. The growth in railway between 1881 to1941 was an impressive achievement but didn't meet the demands of war and the transport

  1. How important was the First World War to the collapse of the Tsarist regime?

    Kochan believes the War had ?utterly destroyed any confidence that still remained between the government and the people? which shows that the war dented confidence in the Tsar according to Kochan but that confidence had already been lost in the Tsar prior to the war.

  2. Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime?

    October Manifesto to defend the Tsar, throughout November and December they attacked revolutionaries, students, nationalist Poles, Fins and mostly Jews. This helped to provoke the underlining anti-semantic feelings in Russia promoting more hatred toward the national minorities from the wider Russian public; an example of an attack was at Odessa where 500 Jews were killed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work