• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam in the 1960's and 1970's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vietnam War. Coursework Question 1: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam in the 1960's and 1970's? There are many reasons for American intervention in Vietnam whether it is political causes, economic causes or military causes. The Americans want to secure capitalism all over the world and get rid of communism. The French used to run Vietnam in a capitalist manner. After the Second World War France attempted to secure and control Vietnam once more. France refused to recognize the democratic republic of Vietnam that had been declared by Ho Chi Minh and fighting soon broke out against the Vietminh and the French troops. The Vietminh had difficulties coping with the French fighting power and technology. Their situation improved in 1949 after Mao Zedong's communist victory over Chaing Kai-shek in China. The Vietminh now had a safer place were they could take their wounded and train their soldiers. ...read more.

Middle

Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand would fall as well which means America will lose all its economic aspects and trades which would limit the amount of countries they can trade with, Failure of the Geneva agreement, VC attacks on American air bases e.g. Pleiku, Growing strength of NLF, Lots of money in south Vietnam (funding into Diems army), Failure of US advisors, collapse of French Indo-China, Failure of strategic hamlets, American fear of communism and US weapons manufacturers saw a market for their products developing. The US tried all sorts of methods to crack down and rid Vietnam of communism. Strategic hamlets are little American secured hamlets which peasants around South Vietnam were put into to live. The aim for this was to secure capitalism in these villages. This proved a failure as the Vietcong (communist from the North) slipped in to these and were preaching the word of communism to other villagers at their discretion. ...read more.

Conclusion

Limitations of operation rolling thunder - the result of the self imposed restrictions of 'rolling thunder' was that large safe areas were created which protected 80% of North Vietnams industry and 75% of its population. In December 1964, 16,000 US troops were in Vietnam. Lieutenant General William Westmoreland in control of marines and ARVN. In 1966 268,000 US troops were in Vietnam. By 1968 over half a million US troops in Vietnam. In 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson takes over presidency in America after John F. Kennedy was murdered in Dallas. Lyndon describes the war as "the biggest damn mess I ever saw!" the Vietcong continue to attack the ARVN. More supplies were coming from the North. The capitalist republic appeared threatened. America became heavily involved in both air and ground war where their technological superiority would be tested to the full extent against a determined and resourceful enemy intent on removing all foreign influence from their native country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Free essay

    Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's

    Laos lapsed into a civil war-raising American fear of a new communist state and the Domino Effect. More aid was given as well because the communist Hanoi government was getting more and more involved in the South e.g. By 1962, the NLF(National Liberation Front- South Vietnamese guerrilla communists set up

  2. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Our prime minister, Pierre Mendes-France, is eager to end colonial engagements so France will completely draw out her forces from Vietnam for both our countries benefits." As mists and rain swirled around the mountains, General Vo Nguyen Giap, the military commander of the Viet Minh, moved his supplies, enlisting thousands of supporters as porters.

  1. Why Did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s

    July 1950, a month after the Korean War had finished, President Truman had agreed to send the French supplies worth $15 million, which over the next few years $3 billion was spent on the war against communism. The expression of the "grasshopper fights Elephant" was told by Ho Chi Minh,

  2. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    The speech contains America telling us that America has a promise to keep, and since 1954 every American president has offered support to the people of South Vietnam, and their objective is the independence of South Vietnam and the freedom of the people to guide their own country suitable to their own needs.

  1. How did the poets and the songwriters of the 1960's react to the Vietnam ...

    Morrison's 'three children survive the best they can' is a very powerful statement as not only is he sacrificing his eternal place in paradise but he will also put his family through hell and high water as they will have to survive without him.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    The American media would pick up on this, so these figures would be spread across America pretty quickly. This source was written in 1992, nineteen years after the end of America's involvement in the war had ended. What this meant is that it could be biased, as by then it

  1. Is there sufficient evidence to explain why there was an anti war movement in ...

    The strengths of this source are that it is uncensored and obviously being a journalist must have researched it so has some strong facts, which make the US look bad. This source explains the widespread opposition to the American presence in Vietnam.

  2. Why was the United States forced to withdraw its soldiers from the Vietnam war

    The media gave reports of American brutality. In 1965 CBS aired a report showing Marines lighting thatched roofs of the village Cam Ne with zippo lighters. The report also included criticisms of the treatment of the Vietnamese villagers and in1968 during the Tet offensive, viewers saw the chief of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work