• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam? The Americans came up with the idea, which was to be referred to as the domino theory. They thought that if Vietnam fell into communism then loas, Cambodia, Thailand and possible even India would fall into communism (just like a row of dominos). They were determined to resist the spread of communism in Vietnam because this was seen to be the first domino in the row. Their methods and policies showed their ignorance of the Vietnamese people and the region. In1955 they helped Ngo Dinh Diem set up the republic of South Vietnam, this was because he was anti communist and was prepared to imprison or kill communists. He didn't show any respect for the Vietnamese peoples and beliefs and religions. * Kennedy said he was determined that the USA would not "Blunder into war", unclear about his aims or how to get out again, president Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.His successor, Lyndon Johnson, was more prepared to commit the USA to a full scale conflict in Vietnam, t stop the spread of communism. * Economic involvement-, in 1949 the USA started sending money to the anti Vietcong fighters. * China was giving money to Vietcong fighters. * They feared that china was going to turn then communist and start the. "domino theory" * They were giving 1.6 billion to support Diem's regime in the 1950's. * Political involvement- The USA criticised Stalin for holding free elections in the soviet controlled countries, in Vietnam in 1954 the USA applied a different rule this prevented the elections from taking place as they feared that the communist would win. * Military involvement-, BY 1962 Kennedy was sending military personal to fight the Vietcong. * 11,500 troops were sent to Vietcong by the end of 1962, by the end of 1964 they were 23,00 troops in Vietnam * Us congress pasted the Tonkin gulf resolution, the resolution gave Lyndon Johnson the power to "take all ...read more.

Middle

Mainly as a result of McNamara's testimony, on August 7, 1964, US Congress passed a joint resolution that facilitated increased U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. The floor vote in the House was 416-0 although Representative Eugene Siler of Kentucky paired against the Resolution. The Senate approved it 88-2, with Senators Wayne Morse of Oregon and Ernest Gruening of Alaska casting the only nay votes. The Resolution was repealed in May of 1970, with the help of Judge Glenn Smith II, in response to the Nixon Administration's military operations in Cambodia. The U.S. had already begun the process of withdrawing troops from the area in 1969, under a policy known as "Vietnamization, but did not completely disengage from the region until 1975, after the North Vietnamese take-over of Saigon, now Ho Chi Minh City. The Resolution was replaced by the War Powers Resolution of 1973, which is still in place today. Source B The nature of this source is a private conversation from the former president Johnson, this was a taped conversation in May 1964.This has been set as text as a form of primary evidence, to show the true colours and feelings about the war in Vietnam. "I don't think its worth fighting for". The author and the person recording the conversation is un relative (unknown to us). They produced this source as a political purpose, in which is to remove the president from his stand by conveying the president in a negative aspect, this source refers towards the domino theory. The aim was to try and remove the president from his position in status, to portray a bad vibe to the public, to show that the people taped this conversation to "show up" the president. There are many events in source B which relate towards the context of this source, whether if there is a real need for America to fight a war in Vietnam. ...read more.

Conclusion

Here is the first glimpse of biased way, his first taste of his grudge for the opinionated answer he gives to the interviewer. "Of course it's just not true " Once that is in the air and opened he straight away attacks America forcing the blame on to them, telling us that the war was fought against South Vietnam, the professor then gives us an account of what had happened during the war. "It destroyed the farming, peasant society" He uses harsh words for his one sided view, the professor approaches his answer. "United states did attack south Vietnam", gives the impression that he is opinionated and may have a grudge against the Americans. Professor Noam Chomsky then questions the interviewer "why did the united states move into Vietnam?" then the professor gives his answer by telling the interviewer that there wasn't any Vietnamese people around. As we know that this source is opinionated, he uses the blame on targeted America, he also says that America feared that the south was no longer needed by America and that the South Vietnam might be able to reform and improves itself. From the above paragraph we know that this is a very biased context and 100% opinionated. The historical question raised here that might help me to answer this question, "why did it take several years to say the Americans had gone to war?" And, "was America wrong for heading for war?" The problem with the source is the professor, fair enough that he was commenting on the war, but what kind of professor is he?, he does not tell us what type of professor he is? Other sources were this study could make sense from this source, is from research on the professor himself, also from documentaries on videos and the internet I could research the background information on the professor to try and understand him properly and also to find out what kind of professor he is. The emotion that pours out from this source is hatred and the professor bears a grudge for the American soldiers. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. What can you learn from Source A about the reasons for US involvement in ...

    This is not surprising, as America killed many Vietnamese civilians, and dropped a large amount of bombs. 4. Study Sources F, G and I. How useful are these sources as evidence of the public reaction in the USA to the Vietnam War in the mid-1960s?

  2. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    -Ky was pressured by the US gov't to return to civilian rule so in 1966 an election for a convention to write a new constitution BUT no socialist or communists were allowed to stand for election which led to an armed rebellion by Buddhists around Da Nang = 75 dead + 9 monks burnt to death.

  1. Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's?

    The Communists were within reach of victory as the security situation continued to deteriorate due to the chaos in politics. In July of this year, President Kennedy had repeated the domino theory, "In my opinion for us to withdraw from the effort would mean a collapse, not only of Vietnam, but of South East Asia.

  2. Analysis of Vietnam Renunciation Speech - Lyndon B. Johnson General: ...

    Lyndon Johnson refers to peace and states that the Asian are "willing to work...sacrifice...and die by the thousands for it" - the word it referring to peace. The paragraph ends with Lyndon Johnson pointing out that "peace will only come because America sent her sons to help ensure it".

  1. American History.

    Democrats [Jackson supporters] - the Democrats had a wide range of views,? but basically they stuck to the Jefferson concept of an agrarian society w/limited gov't intervention and feared the concentration of economic and political power. They stressed the importance of individual freedom and were against reform b/c it required a more activist gov't.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    In 1967 an American magazine calculated that for every Viet Cong fighter the US army killed it would cost them $400,000. This was a huge amount and was one of the reasons the protesting increased in America during this period.

  1. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    McMahon: 'that US policy smoothed the path toward Indonesian independence is indisputable.'36 The USA put economic pressure on the Dutch and they yielded. Rotter agrees: 'The Dutch got out of Indonesia, and US pressure was a factor in their withdrawal.'

  2. Why did the United States become so deeply involved in the Korean War in ...

    As a result, the US became more deeply involved in the Korean War because they wanted to limit the expansion of communist doctrine subsequent to the growing impact of the Chinese within Korea as well as ensure they remained a leading international body that would not be overcome by aggressive communist strategies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work