• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the United States withdraw it's forces from Vietnamin 1973?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

H.Noble Mr. Marshall 11 Blue Why did the United States withdraw it's forces from Vietnam in 1973? During the Vietnam War the United States was not only undergoing the stresses that war puts on an economy, but the population of the U.S.A was also going under a massive amount of political and social reform. I intend to use this essay to show how these factors, and many more besides forced the United States to pull out of a war that they entered into with such bravado. There are many issues that I shall discuss concerning the extraction of U.S. troops from Vietnam; the first points that I shall discuss are the tactics that were used. The American troops were forced to play by the rules the NVA and Vietcong set, because they were fighting on terrain and under circumstances unlike anything that any army had ever come across before. This meant that as the Vietcong and NVA knew the terrain better than the U.S. forces they could plan surprise ambushes that the Americans, who were used mainly to the European battlefields of WWII and the straight fighting of the Korean War, were unable to counter, despite their superior technology. ...read more.

Middle

country was winning or losing the war had to be judged by the state of the nation, which the media turned into turmoil. During World wars One and Two the U.S. government could always rely on the support of Hollywood to show the inspiring deeds performed by the G.I.'s, but during the Vietnam war no really big films featuring the war as their main theme were made, with the exception of John Wayne's "The Green Berets". This lack of support was a big blow to the army as cinema had always affected the views of the people. When events like the My Lai massacre were broadcasted on the evening news worldwide, people finally began to realise the dehumanising effect that the war was having on the pride of the American youth, the politicians began to realise that the people weren't ready for a war of this magnitude, because so far all the combats of the cold war had been fought in the open battlefields of Korea, where a simple war of basic tactics could win, or over telex machines to Russia. The American public just weren't ready for the possibility of their "boy's" massacring dozens of innocent civilians just to kill a twenty odd Vietcong spies and recruiters, but unfortunately that was the only way the U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

Which meant another large proportion of the population was against war in Vietnam. It is my opinion that from the facts I have discussed the most important reason for the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam was simply that the U.S.A. is a democratic country, I think this because the media in a democratic country is free to say whatever they want, whereas the North Vietnamese government could control the press and as such could control the will of the people. Also because the U.S. is democratic it is subject to the will of the people, and can therefore only do what appears best for the people in the short term not the long term, as it is immediate results that win votes. If the U.S. had been communist that would have meant that the people would have to have followed the will of the party, and as such the army could have had as many men as it needed to crush the NVA and Vietcong. Last of all as all the land in a communist country is owned by the people all the profits go to the party so economic cost would not have been as big of a worry as it was. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Was the My Lai Massacre a failure in the Rules of Engagement or a ...

    your natural life, to be dismissed from the service; to forfeit all pay and allowances".14 His sentence was later reduced to ten years, and in September 1974 he was released from prison. The long trial of the Charlie Company by the US Army and the US government gave the people

  2. Armed forces.

    In 1847 there were a quarter of a million navvies digging and blasting their way over the British landscape, their travels are one of the lesser documented migrations of history. However, the job they did is still plain to see in the British landscape some 150 years later and will be for many more years to come.

  1. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    It made it clear that the war could not be won. As a result Johnson came under fierce domestic criticism and resigned as president. The promise of ending the war came in 1969, when Richard Nixon took office and adopted the policy of 'Vietnamisation' and led to the withdrawal of US troops.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    At the start of the war, the morale of the troops was good, because many men were volunteers who believed what they were fighting for. As the fighting continued, more ordinary people, particularly blacks, were drafted under the conscription law of 1967 (President Johnson).

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    It was said to be 'self-cleaning' but it wasn't, carbon deposits built up often and it had to be cleaned after every use; and troops weren't issued with cleaning kits. Also, one of the biggest problems was that the M16 was built for long range shooting.

  2. Why did military tactics cause USA to withdraw from Vietnam?

    'Rolling Thunder' was not a huge success as Vietnam was mainly a rural nation and there were little targets of opportunity. Much of Vietnam was covered in dense jungle and so, many villages were unintentionally bombed. This led to many civilians siding with the communists and the Vietcong turned their attention to assaults on American airbases.

  1. Coursework on discussing whether television was an important reason why the United States lost ...

    The incident remained unknown to the American public until the autumn of 1969, when a series of letters by a former soldier to government officials forced the army to take action. Several soldiers and veterans were charged with murder, and a number of officers were accused of dereliction of duty for covering up the incident.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The answer lies in the VC's use of Guerrilla tactics. Vietnam was no stranger to fighting a war using Guerrilla tactics. They were first used in 1859 against the French, soon after the fall of Saigon. In 1862, the French complained of rebel bands, destroying everything and disappearing without trace.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work