• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the United States withdraw it's forces from Vietnamin 1973?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

H.Noble Mr. Marshall 11 Blue Why did the United States withdraw it's forces from Vietnam in 1973? During the Vietnam War the United States was not only undergoing the stresses that war puts on an economy, but the population of the U.S.A was also going under a massive amount of political and social reform. I intend to use this essay to show how these factors, and many more besides forced the United States to pull out of a war that they entered into with such bravado. There are many issues that I shall discuss concerning the extraction of U.S. troops from Vietnam; the first points that I shall discuss are the tactics that were used. The American troops were forced to play by the rules the NVA and Vietcong set, because they were fighting on terrain and under circumstances unlike anything that any army had ever come across before. This meant that as the Vietcong and NVA knew the terrain better than the U.S. forces they could plan surprise ambushes that the Americans, who were used mainly to the European battlefields of WWII and the straight fighting of the Korean War, were unable to counter, despite their superior technology. ...read more.

Middle

country was winning or losing the war had to be judged by the state of the nation, which the media turned into turmoil. During World wars One and Two the U.S. government could always rely on the support of Hollywood to show the inspiring deeds performed by the G.I.'s, but during the Vietnam war no really big films featuring the war as their main theme were made, with the exception of John Wayne's "The Green Berets". This lack of support was a big blow to the army as cinema had always affected the views of the people. When events like the My Lai massacre were broadcasted on the evening news worldwide, people finally began to realise the dehumanising effect that the war was having on the pride of the American youth, the politicians began to realise that the people weren't ready for a war of this magnitude, because so far all the combats of the cold war had been fought in the open battlefields of Korea, where a simple war of basic tactics could win, or over telex machines to Russia. The American public just weren't ready for the possibility of their "boy's" massacring dozens of innocent civilians just to kill a twenty odd Vietcong spies and recruiters, but unfortunately that was the only way the U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

Which meant another large proportion of the population was against war in Vietnam. It is my opinion that from the facts I have discussed the most important reason for the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam was simply that the U.S.A. is a democratic country, I think this because the media in a democratic country is free to say whatever they want, whereas the North Vietnamese government could control the press and as such could control the will of the people. Also because the U.S. is democratic it is subject to the will of the people, and can therefore only do what appears best for the people in the short term not the long term, as it is immediate results that win votes. If the U.S. had been communist that would have meant that the people would have to have followed the will of the party, and as such the army could have had as many men as it needed to crush the NVA and Vietcong. Last of all as all the land in a communist country is owned by the people all the profits go to the party so economic cost would not have been as big of a worry as it was. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. In why the United States withdrew its' forces in 1973

    It was the first major sign that America could not win the war. This setback hit the US troops hard as their morale dropped and the realisation kicked in. All these hundreds of soldiers had died and yet nothing had been achieved.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    At the start of the war, the morale of the troops was good, because many men were volunteers who believed what they were fighting for. As the fighting continued, more ordinary people, particularly blacks, were drafted under the conscription law of 1967 (President Johnson).

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    Furthermore, the AK's shape made it ideal for the shooter to be in the prone postition (lying down flat on the stomach), which was an ideal position for the shootouts in dense jungles. Also, briefly comparing the rounds used, the M16 had higher velocity (faster travelling)

  2. Why did military tactics cause USA to withdraw from Vietnam?

    Villagers were relocated to villages under the control of the South Vietnamese in an attempt to keep them away from Vietcong influence and to protect them. However, the Vietnamese saw this in a very different way: they believed the Americans were trying to take them over and being forced to relocate angered many civilians.

  1. Coursework on discussing whether television was an important reason why the United States lost ...

    The Great society is when the poor, especially the blacks would receive decent welfare payments and decent homes. However, little had been achieved. Johnson wanted them, but couldn't afford it. The war was costing 20 billion pounds a year so the great society was pushed to one side as this source suggests.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The VC moved around the country easily without being detected and usually attacked at night. This helped make the decision for the US forces to leave Vietnam. The Vietcong employed many ingenious tactics, one of which was the Vietcong's network of tunnels, in which they moved and lived undetected.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    The Americans were beginning to harm children and when other countries found out about it they protested against America using it so America were forced to stop. Napalm stuck to its victims causing horrific burns. It exploded in flames in the rainforests and permanently damaged the soil.

  2. Why was the United States forced to withdraw its soldiers from the Vietnam war

    They were drafted into the army for just over a year and the average age of an American soldier in Vietnam was just 19. At this young age the soldiers were completely unprepared for the horrors they saw when fighting in Vietnam.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work