• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did The US Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did The US Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam? By Becky Chiang 11K 1. US involvement in Vietnam The US wanted to stop communist expansion into South Vietnam after successfully stopping them from capturing South Korea but President Eisenhower could not get the support of the people. Therefore he used a different way i.e. sending a team of 12 intelligence agents under Colonel Edward Lansdale to win over the South Vietnamese people by spreading lies about the Ho Chi Minh government killing political opponents and the presence of Chinese communists in South Vietnam. Besides that colonel Lansdale also employed mercenaries to sabotage North Vietnam and boost up the image of President Diem. They also trained the South Vietnam army in modern fighting techniques in preparation for open war with the communists. Ngo Dinh Diem 1) Educated in French Catholic Schools and trained as an administrator. 2) At age of 25 he became a provincial governor. 3) Visited the US and met Cardinal Spellman of New York and John F Kennedy and won their support. 4) 1954 German conference - Diem was accepted as the new ruler of South Vietnam. 5) Diem was no puppet of the US but the US had no alternative but to support him. ...read more.

Middle

The majority of the peasant was forced to move into the hamlets and therefore they resented it. This made them more hostile towards the Diem Government. 2) The peasants did not feel threatened by the NLF and therefore resented the idea of having to dig moats, implant bamboo states and erect fences-all these without any payment. 3) The peasants had to travel long distances to work their farm. 4) For religious reasons they believed that they should lived near where their ancestors were buried. D) The failure led to the US increasing its military advisers and supplied South Vietnam with 300 helicopters. These advisers were directly engaged in combat and American soldiers became more involved in fighting in Vietnam. 3 a) 70% of the Vietnamese population were Buddhist and a potential threat to the French authority. b) They were furious because during the 2527th birthday celebration of Buddha one woman and eight children were killed when the police tried to disperse the crowd. c) Thick Quang Duc was a 60 year old Buddhist mock who sacrificed himself in a busy Saigon Street lay being burnt alive. This was done as a protest against the Diem Government and draw world's attention to the unpopular South Vietnamese government. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although these cells co-operated with each other they were kept apart so that when captured and fortuned they could not be able to give much information about the NLF. Their aim was to win over the peasants for the peasants were the sea in which the guerrillas needed to swim. Therefore the cells worked within a very strict code of behaviour. i) Do not do anything that can damage the land, houses, crops and belongings of the people ii) Do not but or borrow from the people without their consent. iii) Never to break out words. iv) Do not act or speak in a manner which can be interrupted as contempt of the people. v) Help the people in their daily work. The NLF used booby traps against the US and South Vietnamese troops. These Demoralized their enemies. They also used underground tunnels to escape detection and movement from place to place. Caverns were used to hide their printing press, surgical instruments and equipments for making booby traps and land mines. The NLF based their methods of guerrilla warfare on the proven successful methods used by Mao. Besides having strict rules as to how they should behave towards the peasants they educated them. In return the NLF obtained food and shelter from the peasants. Soon they were able to wear down the Americans and South Vietnam troops and took control of the rural areas and then the smaller towns. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    Around midnight on the 4th August, American aircrafts began sixty-four sorties (one plane attacks) over North Vietnamese patrol boat bases and major oil storage depot. During the sorties more than twenty Vietnamese vessels were destroyed, while the oil depot became an inferno of flame and smoke.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    The smoke coming out of the train has the word "Vietnam" embossed inside it. It shows how President Johnson's vision to "feed and shelter the homeless...provide more education and medical care," (Source D) was being thrown away to pay for what many thought was a needless war.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    A Pentagon analyst, Daniel Ellsberg leaked these top secret government documents on the Vietnam War which represented two years of research by the Pentagon and exposed the lies about the war and the complete lack of any plan to win in Vietnam.

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    The panic at the time is understandable, but it was the belief in the domino theory and the USA's distrust and suspicion towards the communist countries that led to their downfall and increasing involvement in the Vietnam War. 2. Study Source A.

  1. Battle Analysis - Dong Ap Bia (Hamburger Hill).

    The steep slopes made it very difficult for movement. Dong Ap Bia bordered with the Thung Pham River, and Laos. This gave the NVA advantage to use Laos and the river to reinforce its troops and supplies without having the Americans interfere.

  2. Describe the tactics used by the U.S and the N.L.F in the Vietnam War. ...

    The war also had many psychological effects. The North Vietnamese used this as propaganda against the Americans, suggesting that they had done it deliberately to harm innocent people. But aside from this, the Americans were still struggling to have a clear view of the enemy. Because of this, they introduced another chemical bomb - Napalm.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work