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Why Did The US Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam?

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Introduction

Why Did The US Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam? By Becky Chiang 11K 1. US involvement in Vietnam The US wanted to stop communist expansion into South Vietnam after successfully stopping them from capturing South Korea but President Eisenhower could not get the support of the people. Therefore he used a different way i.e. sending a team of 12 intelligence agents under Colonel Edward Lansdale to win over the South Vietnamese people by spreading lies about the Ho Chi Minh government killing political opponents and the presence of Chinese communists in South Vietnam. Besides that colonel Lansdale also employed mercenaries to sabotage North Vietnam and boost up the image of President Diem. They also trained the South Vietnam army in modern fighting techniques in preparation for open war with the communists. Ngo Dinh Diem 1) Educated in French Catholic Schools and trained as an administrator. 2) At age of 25 he became a provincial governor. 3) Visited the US and met Cardinal Spellman of New York and John F Kennedy and won their support. 4) 1954 German conference - Diem was accepted as the new ruler of South Vietnam. 5) Diem was no puppet of the US but the US had no alternative but to support him. ...read more.

Middle

The majority of the peasant was forced to move into the hamlets and therefore they resented it. This made them more hostile towards the Diem Government. 2) The peasants did not feel threatened by the NLF and therefore resented the idea of having to dig moats, implant bamboo states and erect fences-all these without any payment. 3) The peasants had to travel long distances to work their farm. 4) For religious reasons they believed that they should lived near where their ancestors were buried. D) The failure led to the US increasing its military advisers and supplied South Vietnam with 300 helicopters. These advisers were directly engaged in combat and American soldiers became more involved in fighting in Vietnam. 3 a) 70% of the Vietnamese population were Buddhist and a potential threat to the French authority. b) They were furious because during the 2527th birthday celebration of Buddha one woman and eight children were killed when the police tried to disperse the crowd. c) Thick Quang Duc was a 60 year old Buddhist mock who sacrificed himself in a busy Saigon Street lay being burnt alive. This was done as a protest against the Diem Government and draw world's attention to the unpopular South Vietnamese government. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although these cells co-operated with each other they were kept apart so that when captured and fortuned they could not be able to give much information about the NLF. Their aim was to win over the peasants for the peasants were the sea in which the guerrillas needed to swim. Therefore the cells worked within a very strict code of behaviour. i) Do not do anything that can damage the land, houses, crops and belongings of the people ii) Do not but or borrow from the people without their consent. iii) Never to break out words. iv) Do not act or speak in a manner which can be interrupted as contempt of the people. v) Help the people in their daily work. The NLF used booby traps against the US and South Vietnamese troops. These Demoralized their enemies. They also used underground tunnels to escape detection and movement from place to place. Caverns were used to hide their printing press, surgical instruments and equipments for making booby traps and land mines. The NLF based their methods of guerrilla warfare on the proven successful methods used by Mao. Besides having strict rules as to how they should behave towards the peasants they educated them. In return the NLF obtained food and shelter from the peasants. Soon they were able to wear down the Americans and South Vietnam troops and took control of the rural areas and then the smaller towns. ...read more.

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