• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the US become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the US become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's? Communism was a major factor in the US involvement in Vietnam. The US wanted to stop and prevent the spread of communism, due to their fear that communism was becoming too powerful. The US supported the French government in Vietnam when they were fighting the Vietminh. The Vietminh were communist and the US involvement in supporting France was purely on a financial basis. The USSR was one of the communist countries which was gaining power, with five other countries merging into it in 1922. The US and the USSR held a cold war. This was where both countries did everything possible to harm each other, without their two armies directly fighting. The power the USSR held led the US to fear and mistrust communism even more. ...read more.

Middle

The US is taking sides and this shows increasing US involvement because they are taking an advisory role in supporting South Vietnam. President Eisenhower devised the domino theory. The domino theory is Eisenhower's fear that if one country turned communist (one domino getting knocked over), others would follow suit (knocking over one after the other), making communism grow more and more powerful. This shows the fear of the spread of communism, which Truman's Doctrine vowed to stop. The US felt they should take a more active role in Vietnam, so as to prevent others following. President Kennedy took over from Eisenhower as president in 1961 and implemented the idea of "safe villages". These were heavily protected and guarded villages in which the South Vietnamese could live safely. This shows the US increasing involvement by inputting military involvement into Vietnam and putting Americans in Vietnam. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Gulf of Tongking incident where Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked a US destroyer, led president Johnson to get congress to agree that the US can "use all measures necessary to repel forces". US involvement in Vietnam was heightening greatly, with US forces allowed to kill any enemies The US became completely submerged in Vietnam when Vietcong forces attacked a US base at Pleiku, which left eight Americans dead and destroyed ten of the American aircraft. This provocation led the US to have an excuse to elevate the war by bombing North Vietnam. Now that the US had some sort of justification, the war was then in full force. Operation Rolling Thunder was a part of this bombing campaign in North Vietnam, but air crews could not bomb main cities such as Hanoi or Haiphong due to Soviet relations. The war between the US and North Vietnam was underway. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tahir Khan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Free essay

    Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's

    The countries that were its members- the USA, the UK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines and Thailand- made an oath to protect South-east Asia from communism. But only five of them actually sent troops to Vietnam. This shows that the USA had been profoundly affected by the Korean

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Congress and the American people, meanwhile, seemed to be turning against postwar economic aid. A public opinion poll in December 1944 showed that 70 percent of the American people believed the Allies should repay their lend-lease debt in full. Taking up the cry for fiscal restraint, Senator Arthur Vandenberg told

  1. Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's?

    In 1950 America formally recognised the new administration in Saigon under Bao Dai, and the President, Harry Truman, dispatched military advisors to Vietnam to train the South Vietnamese army in the use of American weapons. At first money was the only serious U.S.

  2. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    This spread of communism had to be stopped and what better place to do it that on the 17th parallel? Eisenhower was determined to beat communism, and that was why he stepped up US involvement in Vietnam by sending in a few military advisors to help in the South Vietnamese Army.

  1. Why did the united states become increasingly involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and ...

    and the Vietminh troops to attack. Navarre the French general didn't think the Vietminh had heavy guns and with a surprise the Vietminh opened fire on the French with their artillery destroying the base and the Vietminh broke through the remains of the French lines and won the battle.

  2. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and the 1960s? ...

    It started off as help to their anti-Communist ally to stop the spread of Communism but as the Cold War intensified, this became another pawn for the Communist Capitalist one-upmanship game which was well into progress with the Russians putting a man into space, the Americans creating the H-Bomb.

  1. Why was there a fear of communism in America in the 1950s

    Truman gave a speech to congress coining the phrase "the domino effect", describing communist takeovers as countries around the world fell to communism. In early March 1946, the former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gave a speech in which he coined the phrase the "iron curtain" to describe the USSR's division of Eastern Europe from the West.

  2. How did the poets and the songwriters of the 1960's react to the Vietnam ...

    The solders gave themselves nick names and this took away some of the boundaries and harshness of the Vietnam War, nick names included 'joker' and 'thief'. These GIs 'feel that life is but a joke' if they cannot take life the next best thing that they can do is to treat life as a joke.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work