• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the US withdraw from Vietnam in 1973

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ASSIGNMENT: MODEL A1: VIETNAM Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973. America had been involved in Vietnam for many years financially and actively. The French returned to their Indo China after the Second World War and although they received financial backing from the US they were defeated by the Vietminh. In Geneva in 1954, it was agreed that Vietnam would be divided in two - North Vietnam ruled by the communist Ho Chi Minh and South Vietnam led by Ngo Dinh Diem. President Eisenhower made it clear they would support Diem as America opposed communism. In 1960, President John F Kennedy agreed to send military experts to South Vietnam as well as equipment in an attempt to stop the spread of communism. By 1968 there were 536,000 American troops fighting in the difficult conditions in Vietnam. The main reason the US withdrew from Vietnam in 1973 was pressure from the media and the American people. The mass protests to end the war put the American government under a lot of pressure to withdraw. The media coverage provoked demonstrations throughout America. People also felt the need to protest because of increased taxes, the drafting policy and the fact the war seemed of no relevance to the American people. ...read more.

Middle

The media coverage was a significant factor but not the only one. The financial aspects of the war affected everyone in America. The war was costing the American government $66 million a day so were forced to increase income taxes and cut financial backing for schemes put in place to reduce poverty. Obviously increases in taxes angered people but cutting back on the poverty reduction scheme caused uproar, especially among ethnic minorities. Black people were the racial group suffering from the greatest poverty in the USA at this time. However, this was not the only reason black people were so opposed to the war. The conscription system excluded people at college which meant that the working class, including many black people, were forced to fight. The injustice of this situation was added to by the fact many felt it would be more appropriate for black people to fight for their own rights in their own country. It not surprising there were many violent riots by black people in the late sixties. The draft continued to cause distress for everyone who had already lost friends and family as they died because they were forced to fight in the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

The American economy was very strong but America would be unable to support the war indefinitely. Furthermore the American army were trapped in a war of attrition where no immediate victory was in sight. The Vietcong fought with guerrilla tactics which were very effective in the dense forests of Vietnam. However, the Americans were ineffective and inexperienced in fighting in such a difficult terrain climate. Another problem facing the US army was the low morale of the remaining troops. Most of the soldiers simply aimed to survive each day and evade capture by the Vietcong. They did not believe in the war, whereas their enemy was fighting with passion for their independence as they had done for years. When the American troops had to fight they fought without inspiration or determination. The final contributing factor to the withdrawal from Vietnam in 1973 was the president, Richard Nixon. He was in office from 1968 to 1974 and had been elected on the promise of withdrawing from Vietnam; if he wanted to be re-elected he needed to fulfil this promise. In 1969 the first troops were brought home and this continued until the remaining troops left in 1973. ?? ?? ?? ?? Matthew Barden History Coursework Sutton Grammar School 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    Also, the South Vietnamese were angered because government officials stole the money given by the American's, and made them pay for the new houses and aid that they were supposed to be getting for free. The Strategic Hamlet programme made MORE people support the Vietcong, not less.

  2. Why did military tactics cause USA to withdraw from Vietnam?

    To solve the problem of Vietcong hiding in the forests, the American airforce began 'Operation Ranch Hand'. This was a series of chemical warfare attacks in which defoliants were used to strip leaves away from the forests, exposing the Vietcong.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The USA decided to use chemical warfare. The rainforests gave the Vietcong plenty of cover so US pilots found it difficult to target them from a plane or helicopter. The army came up with the answer; clear the trees and strip away the foliage so the VC had nowhere to hide.

  2. Why was the United States forced to withdraw its soldiers from the Vietnam war

    The Vietcong dug large tunnels under the ground so they could move around in safety. They also slept, ate and planned their attacks in safety. The tunnels provided a safe living space for the Vietcong and were a useful way of avoiding the U.S bombs.

  1. How was opposition to the Vietnam War portrayed in contemporary literature, film and popular ...

    He used explicit lyrics, which was directed at the Vietnam War. He says of how the American public have no idea or concept what this war was and what they were fighting for: "And it's one, two three, What are we fightin' for?

  2. Why did the American forces withdraw from Vietnam in 1973? The Americans got involve ...

    Both sides started to realise the war was not worth going on because it could not be won militarily. On the Vietnam's side, the South Vietnamese were not impressed by the war because they didn't want a war to go on as it affected their stability.

  1. Why did the USA withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    therefore put more pressure on the government to end the war and pull out of Vietnam. Another reason for the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam was the different reasons between the USA and the Vietcong for going to war, and their tactics.

  2. Why did the United States withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    An example of a method of the Vietcong is the mines they used, named "Bouncing Bellies". These were on springs and when tripped, they would spring up to around waist height and explode. They were not usually fatal, however, the victim would need immediate medical aid and a number of men to look after him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work