• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did The USA Become Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why Did The USA Become Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War? The Vietnam War was a prolonged and unsuccessful attempt by South Vietnam and the United States to prevent the Communists of North Vietnam from uniting South Vietnam with North Vietnam under their leadership. The Vietnam War was probably the longest war in which the Americans fought in and the only war in which they were defeated. This essay will discover the facts and reasons for why America became involved in the Vietnam War from the Second World War up to sending the first troops up to Vietnam in 1965. At the end of the Second World War Americans were still concerned about the spread of Communism and were still offering military aid and economic aid to any country requiring defense for themselves over Communist countries. The USA was still a great believer in the Domino Theory. This was the belief that if one country fell to Communism the rest would follow. America had also been so concerned about communism due to the fact that countries such as Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania had communist governments. ...read more.

Middle

North Vietnam expected to win this election thanks due to the broad political organization that it had built up in both parts of Vietnam. But President Diem, who had set his control over South Vietnam, refused in 1956 to hold the scheduled elections. The United States supported his position as South Vietnam was a Non-communist country and they feared that if the elections were held and North Vietnam won, then the whole of Vietnam and quite possibly the whole of Asia was certain to become Communist. In response, the North Vietnamese decided to unify south with North Vietnam through military force rather than by political means. The US secretary of State 'John Foster Dulles', fearing the spread of communism in Asia, persuaded the US government to provide economic and military assistance to the Diem regime. However Diem became increasingly unpopular with the people of Vietnam as he aroused the anger of the Buddhists by selecting fellow Roman Catholics (most of whom had moved from North to south Vietnam) for top government positions. Guerilla warfare spread as Vietminh soldiers who were trained and armed in the North, returned to their homes in the South to assassinate, ambush, sabotage and proselytize. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Viet Cong attacked the US base at Pleiku, killing 8 soldiers and wounding 126 more on the night of February 7th. Johnson in response ordered another payback bombing of North Vietnam. Three days later the Viet Cong raided another US military installation at Qui Neon, and Johnson ordered more aerial attacks against Hanoi. In my conclusion I believe that the Presidents of the USA during that time were most responsible for the attacks, and the great outbreaks of war. The main idea behind America's involvement in the war was mainly to try and contain the spread of Communism. Although historians say that it was also an act to protect the independence of Vietnam I believe it was a selfish pretense used as an excuse to destroy more Communists. I think the whole war could have just been avoided if countries just stuck to their own leaders and ideologies. That way there would be no arguments over who owned who etc. I think that the main turning points in the war was when Kennedy and Diem were assassinated, because that is the point where people could have stood up and said "That's it, it's over". Why Did The USA Become Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War? ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

The author has a good amount of knowledge but much of the essay is narrative, with only implicit links to the question. When the points are linked to the question, this is high quality but this is not done consistently throughout

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 10/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was America's policy of containment successful? Use Korea, Cuba and Vietnam ...

    3 star(s)

    Cuba and the blockade was lifted then the question of the removal or the destruction of the missile sites would be entirely different question."(This was the first time Khrushchev admitted the presence of the missiles in Cuba.) Khrushchev did as he promised.

  2. Mao Essay

    of this steel was useless, but they didn't know that at the time.8 The farming population was reorganized, all private landownership was abolished and the peasants, including the peasant women, were sent out to work in communes, where they were assigned dormitories and work teams.9 Unfortunately, grain production did decrease,

  1. Creative Writing - War.

    The allies were confident that if the Japanese were to attack the base, it would be by sea, not by land. Therefore, only a few other British Regiments were located in Malaya. We had been marching along the very same river for the last month.

  2. How did Australia's relationships with Britain and the United States change during World War ...

    In 1942, General Douglas Macarthur arrived in Australia after agreeing to protect us since Britain had failed and was welcomed by the Australian people.

  1. The Impact of the French colonisation of Vietnam

    The independence of Vietnam was officially recognised by France only in 1956 (Geneva Agreement). Nevertheless, after gaining it's independence Vietnam split into to countries: a communist North Vietnam and a non-communist South Vietnam. What was life like under colonial rule?

  2. Compare the War Communism and the NEP in terms of origins, contents and results.

    Yet, the state still maintained state ownership of heavy industries such as coal, iron and oil mining. Restrictions on political activity were somehow eased, after the absolute policy in War Communism. As a result, the implementation of War Communism led to strong opposition of the peasants.

  1. Explain how the Vietnam War affected Australian society and/or its relationships with the rest ...

    With the introduction of the National Service Act (1964), many groups such as the Returned Service League (RSL), the Catholic Church and supporters of conservative political parties began to question their initial support of the policy of involvement in Vietnam.

  2. Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement? Was it successful?

    Also if Britain and France had not pursued appeasement and declared war earlier they would probably have been able to ally with the Soviet Union. However by pursuing appeasement Britain and France made the Soviet Union wary of them, as they weren't even willing to defend a country with a democratic government, let alone a communist one.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work