• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vietnam Coursework Assignment - Part One Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam? Before the Second World War, the region between India and China which now includes Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos was part of the French Empire. During the Second World War, however, Japan controlled Vietnam. After the war, the French tried to take over again but a communist group, the Vietminh wanted independence. During this war of independence the USA became involved as well. This essay will look at the reasons of why they did. The first reason why the USA became involved in Vietnam was the Domino theory. President Eisenhower first used the term in 1954 to justify US involvement in South East Asia, particularly Vietnam. The Domino theory was first evident in Eastern Europe when Stalin was taking over the Eastern European countries one by one with communism. However, it grew more serious when China fell to communism in 1949, closely followed by North Korea in 1950. ...read more.

Middle

This is a short term cause because unlike the other causes, it did not happen a long time before the event. The fourth reason why the USA became involved in Vietnam was Kennedy's foreign policy. In this he wanted to protect the free world from communism,' The USA stands for freedom and God while communism stands for ruthless godless tyranny'. Due to this he had sent 16 500 US troops and advisors to Vietnam by 1962. Moreover, he increased the budget of anti-communism activities around the world. The U2 incident, Berlin Wall, and the Cuban Missile crisis all increased tension between communism and capitalism and all these on top of Vietnam helped to increase determination to fight communism. Kennedy's foreign policy could be linked to containment as he increased the budget of anti communist activity to try and stop communism spreading. This is a short term cause because his foreign policy did not happen a long time before he sent his troops/advisors to Vietnam. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is once again linked to the policy of containment as like Kennedy, his foreign policy aims to try and stop communism from spreading any further. This is a short term cause because his decision to escalate the war happened during the war in Vietnam was going on. After considering all the the reasons for why the USA became involved in Vietnam I think the most important reason was the policy of containment. I think this because containment is linked to most of the reasons above and is the backbone of US foreign policy, for example, Kennedy and Johnson's foreign policies are both linked with containment as they both take all necessary steps to try and stop the spread of communism. The USA could not make the already existing communist countries to change but it could stop communism from spreading and stop it in its tracks. It did not want to be the country that allowed communism to win, therefore, using its policy of containment it took every possible route to weaken and demolish it, which is why USA became so involved in fighting communism in Vietnam. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    The US embassy was attacked and hostages seized. In Nicaragua Communist guerrillas seized power. * Cuba sent armed forces to Africa to help rebels in Angola. * New Soviet SS-20 missiles were sent to eastern Europe, and there was a build up of conventional forces in the Warsaw Pact.

  2. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    MORAL OPPOSITION The Students for a Democratic Society of SDS was founded in 1962. The SDS was a national left-liberal organisation which was against racism, poverty and the War in Vietnam. The SDS mobilised 100,000's in anti-war protest's. One example of this was April 17, 1965 in Washington DC where an anti-war demonstration was called.

  1. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    In the beginning of the war, America military strategy was basically defensive; the troops defended the air bases. Johnson thought that this would look good to the American Public. But after a while, President Johnson decided to tell General Westmoreland to use more aggressive tactics.

  2. Why did the Communists win in 1949?

    it; and Mao was able to show them that this way out was through a whole range of cooperative methods. But first, the peasants had to be allowed to come to centre stage, to experience their collective power. In Yanan, the communists organized a new way of allowing the people to realize that they could change the way things were.

  1. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    One must have each question fully answered in order to begin their venture into the world of entrepreneurship. Also, it is vitally important for one to fully understand every aspect of the product he or she plans to market. Knowledge is the key to success.

  2. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam?

    This would mean Vietnam would be a communist country. Communism went against all of the USA's political ideas, and they felt endangered by the way it was spreading, in the Soviet Union, China and from the Korean War. America first became involved, after the communist victory over the French in Vietnam.

  1. 'To what extent had the USA become two different societies by the eve of ...

    over the issue of slavery: 'I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in states where it exists'10. The process of industrialisation and the subsequent consequences to society due to immigration in northern towns of America did increase the diversity in society between the north and the

  2. History Coursework - How useful are sources A, B and C in explaining why ...

    This totally compromises what he said in his speech in April, 1965. In the conversation he implies that he doesn't want the war to go ahead as Vietnam is not a worthy cause to start a war over. He puts forward reasons for and against the USA becoming involved in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work