• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the USA drop the bomb?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the USA drop the bomb? It was august 6th 1945, as the American bomber named Enola Gay headed towards Japan to unleash the power of the first atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima. The bomb weight about 15 kilotons the first atomic bomb was code named "little boy" which killed 70,000 people. Just three after days after the first attack the Americans unravelled a more powerful a bomb with plutonium core. This bomb was called "fat man" and so it such. It instantly killed around 40,000 in one initial blast. Then followed Japan to unconditional surrender and that was followed by a cease-fire, which began, on 15th august and officially surrender document were signed on the 2nd of September. The atomic bomb was far more powerful than any other weapon use in war before. The two bombs completely wiped out the two cities in an instant blast. People who saw the blast said it was like seeing another sun. The bomb was just like any other bomb used but was far more reaching and much more intense than any other bomb before. The bombs energy is released as a third of heat and the rest as radiation anything in radius of 1.5 miles air born or on the ground would be immediate casualties of this horrendous bomb there would also be long term causes, these problems appeared in the subsequent years to come in various symptoms and people are still suffering till this very day and the acid rain which was to come after the blast this was something than the people had never seen before the radiation from the bomb also effected birth which was birth defects . ...read more.

Middle

It was seen to the Japanese giving there life to fight for the emperor was a good thing and they thought that the emperor was next down from god and to lose your life for him was honourable thing how ever the Japanese lost 240,000 lives because of this. Another reason to use this beast was to provoke and also given a political upper hand in this relationship with the almighty USSR. At the time USA and USSR were allies but these two were the most powerful nations, they also were plotting against each other secretly behind closed doors. Stalin who was the co-occupier for America wanted to expand in the east because his ideas were listened to and appreciated in these areas. Truman did want Stalin to be a co-occupier of Japan. Two days after the atomic bomb Stalin invaded China and Manchuria he was taking advantage of their weakness and there poor defence, and maybe the second bomb was dropped because so Stalin. Using the atomic bomb would set everything straight and show the power Americans held in their hand and it was a clear message to the USSR not to do anything stupid. Once the bomb was dropped it would make Stalin more manageable in Europe, the sectary of the state who was Byrnes had told Truman that if they dropped the bomb this could mean that after the war it would put them in a position to dictate there terms at the end of this blood shed. ...read more.

Conclusion

The code breaks receives the message that Japan has surrendered and the message got to do president but this was never announced to the public, but the president had no intensions what so ever of solving the matter peacefully. To conclude this essay I would like to say that the use of the atomic bomb, which left the world, terrorised forever. There are 3 main reasons to drop the atomic bomb. Firstly Americans wanted to take revenge on Japan for attacking pearl harbour, which left many Americans angry who were thirsty for revenge dropping the bomb would have satisfied the Americans and he would be popular again, and win the next election. Secondly the Americans just wanted to try the bomb on and put a label it "human experimented". Lastly I would say that cost and effort put in to making this bomb and also the Manhattan project which was set up by President Roosevelt and was continued by the vice president Truman it was given unprecedented amount of funding which would justify the cost. After the Americans found out Germans attempt to develop an atomic weapon during world war two, Americans decided that the bomb needed to be finished quickly and took in some Jewish scientists who were exile from Germany to help their own scientist. They spent 2 billion on a bomb a trying it would definitely justify the cost and it would be know if it was worth it or not, but revenge was the main reason on top of all this, this was the only time the atomic bomb has ever been used and it shall remain this way. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did America drop the atomic bomb on Japan

    It was a new weapon the first of many to be made. Lastly Truman had many personal reasons for dropping the bomb. He was the new president of America when Roosevelt died. He wanted to make the biggest impact into his new job and be the peoples favourite and become successful.

  2. An evaluation of the United States decision to use atomic bombs against Hiroshima and ...

    (Kagan 3) It has been mentioned that the bombs may have been dropped with the motive of intimidating the Soviet Union. This intimidation and subsequent retaliation by the Soviet Union in the development of their own nuclear weapons established the arms race that was to extend over the following decades.

  1. Why did the USA drop the A-Bomb on Japan in 1945?

    The Americans considered a number of devised plans and scenarios which would force Japan into submission. The most prominent of these was the proposition of launching a full scale land invasion of the Japanese home islands. Estimates show that the operations Olympic (landing at Kyushu island)

  2. Why did America drop the bomb.

    From research, and my own knowledge, I know twelve days later, April 24, 1945, Secretary of War Henry Stimson wrote to Truman asking for a meeting to discuss "a highly secret matter." At that meeting were Truman, Stimson, and Brigadier General Leslie Groves.

  1. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    Chapter One - Events leading up to the attack of Pearl Harbor "The Japanese attack on the American fleet based at Pearl Harbor was less an attempt to provoke the United States into a declaration of war than a final admission that war between the United States and Japan was bound to come."

  2. Free essay

    Did America drop the bomb in revenge, to prevent the USSR spreading, so Truman ...

    The attitude of the USA about the Polish question and the way Land Lease had been curtailed. This conference hasn't been mentioned by either historian; Takaki simply focuses on Potsdam itself and overall comes to the conclusion that racial reasons were the main motives for the bomb, where J.

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    Rationing was another dramatic change for Britain. At the beginning of World War II, the UK imported 55 million tons of foodstuffs per year (70%), including more than 50% of its meat, 70% of its cheese and sugar, nearly 80% of fruits and about 90% of cereals and fats.

  2. Why did President Truman Decide to Drop the Two Atomic Bombs On Hiroshima and ...

    At the back of the beaches are hills which are heavily fortified." This report was on the defences of Kyushu, the island with Nagasaki on. During the early spring of 1945 Prime Minister Suzuki gave a rallying cry to make one final stand against the "invader".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work