• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems up to 1923?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Nishaant Kaushal 12V Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems up to 1923? The Weimar faced so many problems up to 1923 because as a newly established government, and had to deal with the problems in post-war Germany. There were vast amounts of political resistance to the new Republic, from right-wing nationalists and left-wing communists - both of these groups using violence in attempting to challenge the new Regime which they opposed greatly. The Treaty of Versailles also created many problems, mainly affecting the German economy, which was after all already weak due to the war. The right wing posed a major threat to democracy. For instance in March 1920, a Freikorps brigade rebelled against the Treaty, led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp. It took over Berlin and seized the main government buildings. The problem however was that the army refused to attack its comrades and did not stop the putsch. This highlighted that the Weimar government was in fact very weak and was easily pushed aside. It also gave major concern as it was clear to the Weimar government that the army were not willing to fight for them, and showed its typical right wing views. ...read more.


Even though the rebellion was easily disbanded it was the very fact that the rebellion had occurred that was a worrying factor for Weimar. A more serious disturbance in Bavaria in April resulted in a short-lived soviet-type republic being established there. However the soviet republic did not considerably damage the Weimar government as Freikorps brought the disturbances under control. Therefore the Soviet republic was only a short-term measure. The Treaty of Versailles caused serious problems for German Democracy. One such problem was the territorial arrangements that had a serious effect on Weimar Germany. The loss of land meant that Germany lost many areas that were key to production, or had natural resources. For example the loss of Saar and other areas meant that coal production went down by 16%. This had a serious effect on the economy of Germany. This leads onto another problem, reparations. In 1921 the sum of reparations was fixed at £6600 Million, and payments had to be made in kind (E.g. Coal). This would have a devastating effect on Weimar, and was very much a humiliation of Germany. ...read more.


Only 28 out of the 354 right-wing assassins were found guilty and punished, but 10 out of the 22 left wing assassins were condemned to death. This therefore meant that powerful conservative forces were able to exert great influence in the daily life of the Weimar republic, and this was at odds with the left wing?s wishes to extend civil rights and to create a modern, democratic society. In conclusion, the Weimar Republic faced so many problems up to 1923, because in trying to satisfy everyone, it did not manage to deal with the threats it faced from inside, right versus left wing, and outside Germany, the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty of Versailles weakened German democracy in many aspects and led to many distrusting the Weimar government. The extent of the opposition from the extreme right was very much underestimated, and Weimar instead overestimated the threat from the Left wing. Therefore it was the persistence of the old attitudes in the major traditional institutions that represented the greatest long-term threat to the republic. Even though the early putsches by Kapp and Hitler were too weak and disorganized to seize power, the danger of the extreme right was a growing threat to Weimar democracy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Problems of the Weimar Republic and the Path to War.

    3 star(s)

    The birth of the Weimar Republic came in 1919 under a coalition government under the SPD, DDP and the centre party. They were known as the ?Weimar Coalition?. (12) In July 1919 it drafted the constitution by the assembly, some of the key points to look back at are

  2. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    We can use the example of the Spartacist Revolt to show us how ineffectual the rebellions of the far left were. Although the Spartacists did manage to briefly capture a number of buildings in Berlin, January 1919 due to the intervention of the army and freikorps on behalf of Ebert

  1. Hitlers Germany

    But renewed political maneuvering led indirectly to the salvation of the Nazi movement and to the appointment of Hitler as chancellor. Hitler Moves West The German Generals had put to good use the "Twenty-Years-Armistice" since 1918. They brooded over their defeat in 1918 and studied its causes carefully.

  2. How Serious Were The Problems Facing The Weimar Republic In The Years 1919-23?

    The reforms pleased the voters and they were getting what they wanted. The left wing was a big threat to begin with but they were never going to be a serious threat to the Weimar republic. There were several attempts to overthrow the Weimar republic and each time they were

  1. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive threats posed to it by its ...

    although on the face the pair represented a force which could revise Germany in reality they were weak and vacillating. The fact that the Spartacist revolt was forced through by the desires of German trade unionists rather than by Liebknecht, who contrastingly believed that it would be a resounding failure,

  2. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    However this, like the war guilt clause, was more important than the violence from the right because without the impact of reparations there would have been less unrest in Germany so therefore less need for political violence. It can be argued that ironically the constitution of the Weimar Republic was one of the factors that threatened the establishment.

  1. How stable was the Weimar Republic 1924-29 ?

    It has also been suggested that the Weimar culture never established a genuinely tolerant attitude. The avant garde and the conservatives were clearly at odds with each other and both sides took advantage of the freedoms and permissiveness of Weimar liberalism to criticize it while not being genuinely tolerant or sympathetic towards each other.

  2. 1798 Irish Rebellion notes

    As it happened, government arrests and internal contradictions combined to ensure that the rebellion which broke out in May 1798 'was not a United Irish one ... but a protective uprising which a spent United Irish leadership failed to harness, indeed, in a very real sense, the whole episode

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work