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Why Did The Whites Lose The Russian Civil War

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Introduction

Why Did The Whites Lose The Russian Civil War? There are many factors that contribute to the overall defeat of the Whites in the Russian Civil War. Firstly, the army itself was weak; troops were exhausted due to the war effort during WWI. Troops were removed from combat in WWI and conscripted in the civil war, this led to a decrease of motivation present in the troops which eventually led to drug and alcohol abuse within the army. The soldiers were out of control and hostile towards officers, resulting in the whites being an ineffective fighting force. A lot of foreign intervention was present in the white side of the war. Countries such as Britain, America, Japan and France were all involved in fighting against the communist regime; however each was motivated by their own individual reason for involvement, for example France has invested money into Russian businesses and was determined to claim back their money after the nationalization of private industry. This made working together really difficult and in Japan and America's case, some countries actually worked against each other. ...read more.

Middle

Lenin and the Red produced flyers and posters in his campaign to increase the size of the Bolshevik army. The Bolsheviks had many other advantages over the Whites and it was these strengths combined with the weaknesses of the Whites that helped result in a White defeat. The Bolsheviks had a highly professional and disciplined army which was under the control of Trotsky; this army was known as the Red Army. Trotsky reintroduced ranks and titles within in the army and rewarded to soldiers through skill rather than social class. He also punished the troops as well as rewarding them. Anyone caught deserting the army was shot on site. All of this encouraged soldiers to do the best that they could and made an incredible army. Lenin had also pulled Russia out of WWI through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk giving the Russian army plenty of time to prepare for the on-coming civil war. The Bolsheviks had one overall goal; to spread the practice of communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

However it did almost pose as a problem for the Red by pushing peasant support towards the Whites. Overall I think the Whites were defeated due to the weaknesses present in the army. Troops just weren't motivated enough to fight the war. They were only there due to conscription and had no personal interest in the various reasons that fuelled the different countries involved. The White army had a severe lack of resources and towards the end of the war support was rapidly decreasing due to their aim of restoring Russia back to its Tsarist state. However it wasn't only the weaknesses of the Whites that contributed to their eventual defeat in the civil war. Combined with the strengths of the Red Army defeat was inevitable from the beginning. The Reds had an incredibly professional fighting machine that was no match for the disintegrating army of the whites. They had plenty of resources and a quick way of getting them around to where they were needed most. Most importantly they were led by Lenin, who was an incredibly intelligent man who was able to use propaganda as a tool to help him win the war. By Amy Cook ...read more.

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