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Why did War break out in 1914?

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Why did War break out in 1914? World War one, named The Great War erupted in the summer of 1914. It is safe to say that it was the most terrible war in the history of the world; made clear by the record of the many millions whom lost their lives in it. Causes of the war can be counted back to the nineteenth century; most considerably when the Germans defeated France in the Franco-Prussian War, when Germany captured back two French provinces. This came as a major set back to the French as Alsace and Lorraine were high production industrial areas. Obviously such a complex event as world war one cannot have been caused by this single factor alone that happened back in 1871.Many people solely blame The Great War on Germany single-handedly; forgetting about countries such as Britain and France that were also involved in events leading up to such a terrible and gruesome war. In order to discover why war broke in 1914 we must consider the long term and short term causes. Most importantly is the fact that the world in 1914 was so incredibly different to how it is today; as we stand eighty nine years later. ...read more.


Such connections were still not known as an alliance, but agreed to be on friendly terms. It was not for another seven years, when they met and fought the, "Triple Alliance" that they became known as an alliance. Such powerful alliances, would undoubtedly lead to conflict; sure enough it did. I think this was the most significant long term cause of The Great War. There are also many other long term causes, such as Economic rivalry and colonial rivalry. In the nineteenth century, Britain as we know had a strong economy and a great Empire; but this was soon all to change, Germany did not like Britain being so powerful, so they decided to try and win back their power. In relation to economic rivalry, Britain was the first nation to experience the industrial revolution. In the nineteenth century Britain had become very rich through home produced goods. However by the start of war in 1914; Germany was producing more iron, more steel and more coal. Britain's reign of economic power had ended; this contributed as a long term cause to the outbreak of war. Another change that came was in colonial rivalry; obviously Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany bitterly envied the empires of France and Britain. ...read more.


There were seven assassins blending into the crowd, taking up their positions. As the convoy drove past Gavrilo Princip, one of the assassins; he took his pistol and shot two shots towards the car. Almost simultaneously with the shots the car took off towards the Governor's residence. Even though Franz Ferdinand and Sophie both sat upright when the car left toward the Governor's residence, the bullets hadn't missed. Franz Ferdinand was shot to neck and the bullet in Sophie's stomach caused her internal bleeding. Sophie may have died before they arrived to the Governor's office. Franz Ferdinand died shortly afterward. This event brought Austro-Serbian tensions to a head. Serbia had been fomenting trouble for Austria for many years. For many in Vienna, the double murders provided the 'last straw' for a get-tough showdown. The trail back to the Black Hand would not be unraveled for years to come. Vienna felt she could not wait for conclusive proof and acted based on the mass of circumstantial evidence. As Vienna took a hard line against Serbia, the other powers in Europe took sides. The wheels of war gained speed. The stakes far outgrew the squabble between Austria and Serbia. The Crisis of July turned into world war, just over thirty days after Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were shot. Tom Queally - 1 - ...read more.

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