• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe 1939

Extracts from this document...


Why did war break out in Europe 1939? When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1939, he was not at all secretive about his plans for Germany. He had four main aims, which were: - Abolish the Treaty of Versailles - Expand German territory - Defeat communism - The creation of One Reich He, like many others, believed the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and planned to abolish it. He called the German leaders who signed the Treaty the "November Criminals". The treat was a constant reminder of Germany's defeat in the First World War and their mortification by the Allies. The first step of getting revenge on the Treaty would be rearmament. When Hitler came into power thousands of unemployed workers were drafted into the army. He kept the rearmament secret at first, yet he soon withdrew from the League and openly staged a massive rally celebrating Germany's armed forces in 1935. He managed to get away with the rearmament, which also boosted the Nazi support. Hitler planned on reintroducing conscription (which he did in 1936) and remilitarising the Rhineland. Hitler wanted to get back Germany's territory as well as unite with Austria (Anschluss). ...read more.


To Hitler however this was merely a piece of paper. France and Britain however, had their own clarified reasons why they came up with the Appeasement. Firstly, they were not ready for another war and standing up to Germany meant just that. It gave them more time to get ready. They also did not want a repeat of the Great War. They wished to avoid another war at all costs. An argument Britain used was that Hitler was standing up to Communism. Many people thought that the next war would be against the USSR not Germany and Hitler. Many viewed Hitler as a buffer against the threat of spreading Communism. Many also agreed with the fact that the Treaty of Versailles was in fact unfair. They assumed that once Germany got what they wanted they would become a peaceful nation again. Britain's other worries were its economical problems and empire. It was not certain that Britain's Empire and the Commonwealth states would support a war against Germany. Britain and France were still suffering from the Depression and had greats debts as well as unemployment. The USA was determined not to be dragged into another war and so there was no guarantee that Britain could face Germany without USA's help. ...read more.


If Britain and France co operated a bit more in the direction of solving world disputes the Word might have never came into being. Another major problem was America. From the very start of the League, America was the missing keystone of the organisation. Everything was going reasonable well until the Depression occurred and America isolated itself. If the USA decided to join in the League's business things might have turned out very differently as America had the resources and power to make a difference. France and Britain had too much trust in Hitler. They let him go too far and trusted a bit of signed paper (Appeasement). If they had acted sooner e.g. when Hitler went into the Rhineland, they could have prevented the war. The USSR was also partly responsible for the war. Germany might have been scared to act alone without the support of the USSR. It would have meant they would be fighting on two fronts again. If the USSR had not supported Germany then but stayed with the allies, it might have delayed or even stopped Hitler's attack. These are all factors that speeded up and made the Second World War possible. However, we cannot forget that Hitler's actions were the main reason the war had occurred and these factors mentioned merely added onto this not the other way round. ?? ?? ?? ?? Justyna Lucznik 10NR ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the League of Nations fail?

    5 star(s)

    The reduction in American exports meant that Japan needed more food and resources, hence the invasion of Manchuria. Hitler applied the depression in a cunning manner - by claiming a 'new' future for Germany, he ensured the rise of the Nazi party.

  2. Vietnam war

    In respect to North Vietnam, the US also stepped up bombing, hoping to 'bomb Hanoi back to the negotiating table', further causing incalculable casualties and damage to the North's infrastructure. * Simultaneous to the development of Nixon's policy from 1968-73, were various Congress resolutions that further served to limit the war 'curb' Nixon's policies towards Indochina.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    People lived huddled together in the ruins of houses, in cellars and in bunkers, and trudged in a dazed condition over what they once knew as streets but what were now only heaps of rubble. The stench of dead bodies buried underneath the rubble lingered on for many, many months.

  2. history unit 4 Germany's attack on Poland in September 1939 was the main reason ...

    lost in the Treaty of Versailles or the self determination for German speaking people but rather his eyes were set on European and world domination. Hitler's word had come to mean nothing and hence negotiations with him thereafter were deemed useless and it was this lack of trusting Hitler that brought an abrupt end to the policy of Appeasement.

  1. Why did war break out in 1939?

    In March 1936 German troops entered the Rhineland because The USSR and France had just signed a mutual assistance treaty, so Germany was surrounded and needed protection. The British didn't do anything about this and the French would not act alone.

  2. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    Britain especially held a widespread consensus that the treaty of Versailles had punished Germany too harshly for starting and losing the First World War. Thus Britain to an extent felt that the unjust nature of the treaty might provoke Germany to reverse the terms of the peace by force.

  1. To what extent was Hitler responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War ...

    Chamberlain was well aware what a world war would do to Britain and her Empire. Appeasement had been the policy adopted by the British government since the signing of Versailles. Most British governments felt a sense of guilt associated with Versailles and tried to distance themselves from it at every opportunity.

  2. Even after the German occupation of Prague in March 1939, Neville Chamberlain was reluctant ...

    Britain were committing to war if that is what Hitler wanted, something that could never have happened only a year earlier, and so Hitler?s invasion was a turning point as it angered the British public, allowing the statesmen to go to war if necessary.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work