• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?The Treaty of Versailles, signed between the big three, on June 28th,1919 solved nothing and it made the first step

Extracts from this document...


Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? The Treaty of Versailles, signed between the big three, on June 28th, 1919 solved nothing and it made the first step in leading to the Second World War. It either wasn't harsh enough to cripple German and preventing it from standing up to its feet ever again; or it was too harsh that had outraged the German people. It had striped German of its land, army, power and dignity. It is unfair that many Germans were forced to live in new countries under new rule while it should be self determinations for all countries. The loss of lands put a huge cut in German's economy and having to pay a sum of �6,600 million reparation let to Germany suffer from economic crises and hyperinflation. The German army was limited to a mere 100,000 men without any armored vehicles, submarines or aircraft which was a major blow to Germany's pride. The Germany which once was a great nation now faces the humiliation of defeat and it was just biting its time for revenge. The League of Nation which was created after the First World War, by the Treaty of Versailles to keep peace and prevent wars by the principle of collective security. ...read more.


Austrian Fascists wanted to unite with Germany but Schuschnigg, the Austrian Chancellor, wanted Austria to be independent. under the Nazi troops, a plebscit was held and 99.75% voted for Anschluss. In 1938, Hitler took over Austria, while Britain and France turned a blind eye. His next objective was the Sudetenland which were given to Czechoslovakia. Another piece of land where mainly German speaking people lived under, a perfect excuse for Hitler to take over. The policy of appeament was tested to the limit here. Hilter demanded that he was only interested in parts of the Sudetenland, following the appeasment, Britain and France gave in. 3 days later, he demanded all the Sudetenland and claimed that the Czech's government were mistreating them. With Mossolini's help, the Munich Aggrement was signed between Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain and Daladier without even consulting the Czech's Prime Minister, Benes. So far Hitler had only taken German speaking territory, so Chamberlain could still appease Hitler. However, six monthes later, Hitler threatened to bomb Prague, so the Czechs surrendered and he took over the rest of the coountry. Chamberlain realised appeasement had failed, so he began to rearm Britain and guarantee peace in Poland. The appeasment had failed. ...read more.


It was during the Great Depression that allowed Hitler and the Nazi Party to rise. Germany was recovering rapidly fast and was stabilizing under Stresserman's government. He had negotiated the Dawes Plan to help with Germany's reparation payments; the Locarno treaty then the Young Plan which further helped the international relationships. Then the Wall Street Crash in America hit Germany extremely hard because it had large numbers of US loans which were not renewed. The economic problems in Germany made it unstable and led to the polarization of politics. Hitler grabbed this opportunity and came to power by convincing Germans that he will make Germany a great nation once again. He blamed all of the problems in Germany on the Treaty of Versailles which they had been forced to sign, and also on other races (especially Jews); his solution was to wipe out all but his "master race". So the people voted for the Nazis (National Socialist German Workers Party) as it was the only alternative people believed they had. Japan invaded China as its own industry collapsed and Mussolini tried to build an oversea empire. It was the Great Depression that let to aggressive nationalism in Germany, Italy, Japan and the democratic powers failed to stop the aggression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Vietnam war

    plant cover from large areas -- continue to change the landscape, cause diseases, and poison the food-chain in the areas where they were used. * In 1961-62, the Kennedy administration authorized the use of chemical weapons to destroy rice crops in South Vietnam in Operation Ranch Hand.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    with the Communist threat outside their borders, but also with the anarchy and disintegration within Europe itself. These efforts were not confined to economic measures. Although the French had feared Germany's industrial competition almost as much as its rearmament, Schuman and others, who wanted German forces as part of a

  1. The origins of the first world war

    Britain secured a great empire that stretched a quarter of the globe, including Canada, India, Egypt and Australia. As an island nation and the empire been thousands of miles away from home shores; Britain would need a powerful navy to protect the vital trade.

  2. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    Although both Italy and Abyssinia were supposed to do as the league told them to do, if Italy didn't agree with the leagues decision then they weren't going to listen to it as the Italian leader Mussolini was quite prepared to go to war with Abyssinia.

  1. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    While the second measure was the Hereditary Farm Law (Erbhofgesetz) carried out in the fall of 1933. As it was written in the moral doctrine of Nazis economic principle, that "public interest before self-interest"7, this law "had the effect of protecting large and medium-sized farms at the expense of the small peasantry"8.

  2. Assess the short-term significance of the Treaty of Versailles.

    Versailles also had a very important political consequence. The poor economic conditions caused by Versailles amounted in large amount of opposition to the Weimar government. This was magnified in the light of the fact that Germans already felt contempt towards their government for signing the Treaty of Versailles.

  1. Even after the German occupation of Prague in March 1939, Neville Chamberlain was reluctant ...

    There is evidence of Chamberlain acting upon this notion even within the Polish Crisis in March 1939, whereby Britain made some allowances within their guarantee to Poland for appeasement. This is shown by the fact that within The Guarantee Britain were committed to protect Poland?s independence only, this meant that

  2. Why had Internatioanl Peace Collapsed by 1939?

    No one could argue that the rough three million Germans living in Czechoslovakia[5], could not be allowed to move to Germany, or that the Sudetenland, were they were mostly living, could not be given to Germany as it was an act of self-determination.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work