• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did World War 1 end so quickly after the years of stalemate?

Extracts from this document...


Why did World War 1 end so quickly after the years of stalemate? Why did World War 1 end so quickly after the years of stalemate? There are many ideas as to why World War 1 ended so quickly and I shall investigate them all. It may have been just one particular incident which lead to the allied victory or a cumulation of events. To try and gain a better understanding of how the war ended so quickly lets look back to 1918 the year in which one of the most major incidents of war was taking place, the Lundendorff offensive. Lundendorff was the head of the German army and he had just masterminded the surrender of Russia. He was now fixed on making a major breakthrough on Germany's western front against the allies especially since Germany's army had just been reinforced by a total of about 570,000 men returning from Russia. Lundendorff also had a number of specially trained "shock" divisions who were soldiers of the highest quality "masters of using speed to gain a strategic advantage". These "shock" divisions were supposed to be the key if the Germans went on to win the 1st World War. ...read more.


Also during this time the Austria-Hungary Empire was falling apart with the Yugoslavs, Poles, Czechoslovakians and Hungarians all claiming their independence between 6th October and 1st November. On a single day there were 1,451 deserters largely from a Hungarian regiment. It was in these circumstances that Italy (supported by substantial British and French reinforcements ) launched an offensive on 24 October which became known as the Battle of Vittorio Veneto. Whole Austrian divisions deserted to Italy, which rapidly gained most of the land lost at Caporetto in 1917 as well as conquering some long-coverted territory in the Dolomites. When the Austrian Government sought a cease-fire on 3 November Germany stood alone without the aid of any allies. If you consider all of these facts that were against Germany it seems as though they didn't stand a chance against the allies. In my view even the most optimistic German would have had to question how his country could possibly defeat England, France and the U.S.A. without the aid of any allies. Perhaps the events leading up to the end of the war could have effected German morale and this in turn could have also speeded up the allied victory because some Germans soldiers may have not even believed that their country still had a chance of winning. ...read more.


Infact it was Ludendorff insisting on the armistice instead of on peace negotiations which brought down on Germany the defeat he had intended to avoid. Could it have been that Lundendorff's megalomania contributed to the speedy ending of the war? The Americans would be able to build enough ships, manufacture enough weapons, grow enough food and lend enough money to keep the allies going for years as long as the troops and President Wilson were prepared to carry on fighting. The efficiency of Germany's army, railways and factories, the advantage of its central power and the patriotic endurance of its people allowed it to defy massive material odds for four years but in the end its economic disadvantages was decisive. Another obvious factor that must be considered if we are to decide why the war ended so quickly was that at the final stage of the war, a desperate Germany signed the fourteen points treaty proposed by President Wilson than fight to the very end. This was probably a wise decision by the Germans but it did contribute to speeding up the end of the war. Reference sources: The First World War by A.J.P. Taylor The First World War by John Keegan The First World War 1914-1918 by Vyvyen Brendon Encyclopaedia Britannica 2001 Words: 2,042 By Richard Dobbs ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    The government realised that food was very important to morale and supplied hundreds of recipes. The first came out in 'Food Education Memos'. These advised the cook never to mention what was in the meal before it was eaten. The ingredients of 'Hasty Pudding' were: six tablespoons of oatmeal, three of suet, a pint of cold water and one onion.

  2. Was Woodrow Wilson right to be a disappointed man when he died?

    This could have been a success but when the treaties were put into practise they failed, the time between the disagreement and the declaration of war was too long so the agreement to discuss was ignored and war began. The biggest example of the failure of the treaties to avoid war was World War One.

  1. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    If Kitchener was able to realise this in 1914, why was this tactic not removed and transformed? Put simply, it was because the German, British and French generals seemed to conclude that the only way to win was to attrit the enemy and to eliminate enough enemy soldiers to reduce

  2. Question 1 minus intro n conslus

    For example, the USA had replaced Germany as the world's leading producer of fertilisers, dyes and other chemical products. The war had led to advances in technology; for example, mechanisation and the new materials like plastic. The USA was the world leader in developing these technological changes and applying them to industry.

  1. The popular myth of the battle of Britain quickly emerged during the early part ...

    The time at which these speeches were made, was too soo to the war to be able to give an accurate overview and so would not be accurate in a larger context. It also seems that Churchill gives more importance to the Battle of Britain than is necesary and omits

  2. Was the entry of the USA into the First World War in 1917 the ...

    But this event was significant to deciding the outcome of the war as it was a massive triumph for the Allies - they had mastered the art of attack. It also demoralized the Germans, and this affected the outcome of the war, as they would not battle so bravely as

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    As the war intensified members of the LAA began to realize that they had been played and used by the PLO and so the LAA shrank from approximately 3,000-4,000 troops in March 1976 to a few hundred by the end of the year by the end of the year and

  2. What was the popular interpretation and why did it become so quickly established during ...

    Sometimes the Luftwaffe seemed to be trying to gain superiority over the channel by just invading the south coast. Other times their targets would be more widespread- often missing out crucial targets like the spitfire factory and power links. From 24th august to 6th September Britain was almost brought down

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work