• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why does the Chinese government at the start of the twenty first century refuse to give its people democratic rights despite encouraging private enterprise in industry, commerce and agriculture?

Extracts from this document...


Why does the Chinese government at the start of the twenty first century refuse to give its people democratic rights despite encouraging private enterprise in industry, commerce and agriculture and how do you see this situation developing in the next few years? Over the past century, China has undergone many changes in terms of power, economy, politics, prosperity and population. However, despite these changes that has occurred, the Chinese Government still refuse to give its people democratic rights. The arrival of Deng Xiaoping's to power in the Chinese Communist Party has brought new private enterprise to China. With this new wealth and freedom given to the people, many have wondered what will happen in China's future and mostly whether China will turn capitalist and accept the grant of democracy. A definition of a paradox is, 'a statement that seems self-contradictory but contains a truth'. China's encouragement of private enterprise and its refusal to grant its people democratic is paradoxical. This is due to private enterprise being a Western and capitalist idea which is associated with Western Europe, America and democracy. China still has communist ideas and maintains communism in the country and refuses to grant any form of democracy, at the moment at least. Until December 1911, China was ruled by a succession of Emperors, which was traditional way of ruling the country and was widely accepted. The tradition of Emperors in China goes back over 2000 years where the Chinese were the most advanced civilisation in the world. During rule under the succession of Emperors, China was an authoritarian country, i.e. everyone was to obey one ruler. An example of a succession of rulers was the Manchu Dynasty, coming from an area now known as Manchuria. During these times, the wide acceptance of this system amongst the people showed that it would be hard to enforce a democracy on them. The aims and beliefs of Confucianism was to sustain a well ordered government, to benefit people's liberty, to make people respectable and conventional but still limit the freedom of individuals and to focus on the city dwellers. ...read more.


However this caused much criticism towards Mao and the 'Hundred Flowers' was rapidly stopped. In the summer of 1958, Mao was determined to turn China into the worlds leading industrial nation whilst improving her agriculture. He called his plan the 'Great Leap Forward'. Unlike the first Five-Year Plan, the Great leap forward aimed to develop agriculture as well as industry, both heavy and light at the same time. To achieve this, the Chinese people were organised to communes. The purpose of this was to release what Mao called 'the tremendous energy of masses' by ensuring that time and effort were not wasted and that each worker in the commune could work at a variety of tasks. Another key element to the Great Leap Forward was propaganda. The Party and government tried everything to keep up enthusiasm for the Chinese people to work such as newspaper articles, posters, and slogans. Although communes were expected to contribute, there was a spectacular rise of produce due to the backyard steel campaign. This was by the effect of small commune factories to help in bigger industrial products such as producing steel, fertilisers, cement etc. However, only months after Mao's launch of the Great Leap Forward, things began to turn dreadfully wrong. Because of being forced to work harder and faster, old and overworked machines broke and exhausted workers fell asleep at work and often causing accidents. The backyard steel campaign also began to fail; 3 million tonnes of the steel made was to impure for use and turned to scrap, the amount of furnaces made meant that 1 in 10 workers were always on, taking a large amount of people away from the fields producing food. Furnaces used up huge amounts of coal which where needed for transport such as trains and the so much extra steel produced was made meant that there was not enough for trains to take it away. Even Mao had to admit to his people that his Great Leap Forward was a disaster. ...read more.


Secondly, the current popularity for the communist party in China, despite being a small percentage of the population, over 38 million people belong to the CCP. The reluctance of foreign policies, despite the idea being old, many Chinese people still have an anti foreign attitude due to their traditions and ancient ancestral belief. Another reason why China remains communist is because it already is. Communism has benefited China greatly, 'if its not broken don't bother fixing it'. There appears to be no real desperate need for change and will remain like this for a long period of time. Also, the government control most ideas in China. It is their decision what China becomes and they have more authority than the public. Finally, an important reason that deters the government from allowing China to become a democracy is the effect it may put on China. Like Russia when it turned from a communist state to a capitalist one, it suffered years of chaos, anarchy and civil war. It turned Russia into a ruined third world country after being a great world power. The government fear a result of chaos. To say the truth, the government are 'scared' of democracy. However there still remain few factors that can turn China around into a capitalist state and open up its door for democracy. Over the recent years, China has slowly begun to drift away from their strict Communist rules. As the people of China are gaining more economic rights, they will begin to demand more rights such as political ones. Also more Chinese are finding out of new capitalist and foreign ideas due to technology such as transport around the world, books and the Internet. Finally, there is the possibility of the public to turn against Communism and revolt as happened in Russia. Despite there being private enterprise, I still do not believe that China will allow democratic rights for their people due to their traditions, its authoritarian rule, their current power they already hold and because of the failures of other ex communists countries. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    How did the Allies react? * They were determined that Stalin should not succeed. General Lucius Clay the US commander in Berlin said, 'If West Berlin falls, West Germany will be next'. * Clay offered to fight his way out of West Berlin, but was ordered not to by Truman.

  2. Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution in 1966?

    By launching the Cultural Revolution Mao inspired a short era of brainless worship towards him. This resulted in him being perceived as a demi-god by the people of China. All failures of the Great Leap Forward had been forgotten. Whatever the reasons of the Cultural Revolution were, the consequences were negative.

  1. To what extent may the Great Leap Forward launched by Mao in 1958 be ...

    However Mao's secrete ambition was expensive. In order to mobilise labour, Mao had to further collectivise cooperatives in the rural parts of China. Mao believed that industry and agriculture were equally important, hence the slogan "walking on two legs". However, the first 5 year plan had been beneficial to industry but agriculture had stagnated.

  2. How did Mao first control the peasants, then the countryside and finally China?

    Mao used the guerrilla tactics to attack camps and take weapons and equipment. By doing this he got American and Japanese equipment without paying for it. The Communist forces also had very good leadership from generals and Mao himself. Effective support and good tactical sense made it easy to attack the Nationalist forces without heavy losses.

  1. From your reading of 'Chinese Cinderella' what do you find out about Chinese culture ...

    the United States of America became involved in the Second World War. 'Many of the streets around our house were named after dead French heroes or catholic saints' This shows the power that the French had over the Chinese people that they could change the street names.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    which resulted in a civil war between the Chinese Communist party and the nationalist party. Four years later the communists finally won the war and Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China. The nationalists (GMD) and their leader Chiang Kai- Shek were forced out of China to the Island of Formosa.

  1. American History.

    election Clay was chosen Secretary of State in Adams' administration and his American System was supported. - So, with that slight issue, the DR party split into the... National Republicans [J.Q. supporters] - the NRs generally favored a more? involved gov't that had an active role in numerous aspects of peoples' lives.

  2. Why did Deng Xiaoping survive the crisis of communism whilst Mikhail Gorbachev did ...

    For the first time since the rule of the Kuomintang, China opened its markets up to the rest of the globe, in pursuit of a ?free market? approach to its trade. In this way, China would be able to benefit from the dollar of others, as its internal production suffered.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work