• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

Extracts from this document...


Why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister in 1922? Mussolini's appointment as Prime Minister was a combination of long, medium and short-term factors. The exaggerated 'March on Rome' was arguably the sufficient factor in Mussolini's appointment. However prior to that, other events had contributed Mussolini's cause. One of them was the effect of World War one. The impact of World War One was a medium factor. Many disillusioned soldiers joined the fascist party. These soldiers felt betrayed by the government's failure to gain what it was promised. Considering the common hatred for the socialists and a lack of viable alternatives, the soldiers felt that Mussolini was the only choice if they were to restore Italy as a great nation. The Liberal government were more concerned by the threats posed by Socialism and their mistrust in the Popolari. ...read more.


The violence of the Fascists was a main factor in Mussolini's appointment as Prime Minister. Mussolini organised private army i.e. the Blackshirts carried out the violent acts. It meant the increasing socialist threat was all but wiped out. In addition to that, the Socialist strike was also a factor. The anti-general strike organised by the socialists collapsed and the Fascists claimed the credit of breaking the strike. This was crucial as it the public saw that they were the only party who could stop the Socialists and made the Liberals look abject in their inabilities to stop the violence. Mussolini used this to demonstrate the threat of Socialism and this was crucial as the public saw that the fascists were the only party capable of halting the Socialists. It also made the liberals look abject in their inability to stop the violence. ...read more.


Following this Facta resigned heaving more problems on the king. King Victor Emmanuel II also played a role in Mussolini's appointment. He rejected Facta's proposal of martial law after Marshal Diaz suggested that the army wasn't strong enough to fight the Fascists. Like many of the prefects the King overestimated the power of the Fascists. He was concerned that the army and the country may have divided to spark a civil war, as many of his generals sympathised with the Fascists. He also feared being overthrown and replaced by his cousin (Duke Aosta) who would be seen as more likely to give in to the Fascists. His lack of confidence invariably suggested that he could see no alternatives other than Mussolini. Following Facta's resignation, Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister. However it could have been a different story if the prefects had accurately measured the real potency of the fascists. The King's lack of faith in the army was also another factor and his appointment proved to be fatal error. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922?

    The preceding Prime Minister, Facta led a weak Liberal government in February-October 1922. Facta was also responsible for Mussolini's appointment to some extent. The Liberal government's attitude to Fascism was that if it were left, it would help to work out the problems Socialism was causing and prevent a further spread of Socialism.


    The failure to address radical socialism (e.g. the land leagues and strikers) on the part of the Liberals is yet another reason for Mussolini's rise to power: fascism became the best bulwark against socialism, as they filled the power vacuum left by the weak Liberals.

  1. Why did Mussolini Become Prime Minister in 1922?

    and therefore was a poor candidate, especially considering he had stayed away from Rome as the crisis deepened. The next logical candidate was Giolitti's opponent Salandra. Salandra accepted the king's offer but firmly stated that it would be wise to have Fascists in the cabinet.

  2. Why Did Mussolini become Prime Minister in 1922?

    conservative forces' as the conservative forces wanted to integrate fascism into the liberal system which contributed to Mussolini becoming Prime Minister. Mussolini and his speeches Robson argues that it was Mussolini's speeches and decisions which allowed him to become Prime Minister.

  1. Why Was Mussolini Able To Become A Dictator Just Six Years After His Appointment ...

    However, the left-wing members felt that the treatment of peasants and workers was unsatisfactory and therefore did not support Fascism. * The Liberals were ineffective. Former Prime Ministers tried to gather support but ultimately they felt that by co-operating with Mussolini they would be able to control him and that this provided the best option for Italy.

  2. Albert Speers Role as German Armaments Minister during the War

    However, it was ?emotion that ruled their decisions?[8]. Another point which Sereny makes is that ?they ever consciously thought of each other with affection. Yet it was a kind of unspoken love, needed, demanded and received that bound them to each other?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work